Winter frit 8530_south_asia_
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Winter frit 8530_south_asia_

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    Winter frit 8530_south_asia_ Winter frit 8530_south_asia_ Presentation Transcript

    • Early Beginnings In Southern Asian
      • In 1922 scientist digging near the Indus River came upon the ruins of an ancient city that they called Mohhenjo-Daro.
      • The city was amazingly well planned with wide, straight streets and large buildings. It had a sewer system and a large wall fortress.
      • Mehnjo-Daro was part of a civilization that developed about 4,500 year ago.
    • Migration
      • The people who lived there were part of one of the world’s oldest civilizations . Over the centuries , many other people moved into the region. Some came peacefully Others marched in with swords in their hand. All of these invaders contributed to South Asian Culture
      • South Asian culture, in turn, influenced cultures of other regions. Hinduism is practiced by millions of people today.
      • Between 2000 B.C. and 1500 B.C invaders known as Aryans swept down on the people of the Indus Valley.
      • The Indus Valley farmers were no match for the Aryan soldiers in horse-drawn chariots.
      • In time, the Aryans moved eastward to the Ganges River , laying claim to much of northern India .
      • The Aryans ruled northern India for more than 1,000 years. They introduced new ways of living.
      • For example, they divided people into three classes priests , warriors , and ordinary working people.
      • This division grew out of Aryan religious writings called the Vedas .
      • In time the Aryans drew the conquered people into their class system .
      • By 500 B.C. There was a strict division of classes. Europeans later called it the class system.
      • Each Caste , or class, had special duties and work.
      • The caste system became a central part of a new system of belief that also emerged from Aryan religious ideas and practices.
      • This system of beliefs, Hinduism , is the world’s oldest living religion .
      • Hinduism is unlike other major world religions. It has no one single founder. However it has many great religious thinkers .
      • Also, Hindus worship many gods and goddesses, but they believe in a single spirit. To Hindus, the various gods and goddesses represent different parts of this spirit.
    • Bibliogrpahy
      • Armstrong, HB. (2008). Exploring our world: people, places, and cultures . New York City, NY, USA: McGraw Hill Glencoe.