A Brief History of India


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A Brief History of India

  2. 2. o The Indian culture has provided a lot to world’s culture today. o Indians studied three different kinds of religion, some studied Hinduism, some studied Buddhism and others studied Sikhism. o Indian history began with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization in such sites as Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, and Lothal, followed by the coming of the Aryans.
  3. 3. o The European presence in India dates to the sixteenth century, and it is in the very early part of the eighteenth century that the Mughal empire began to disintegrate, paving the way for regional states. o By the early part of the twentieth century, a nationalist movement had emerged; and by 1919-20, Mohandas Karamchand ('Mahatma') Gandhi had emerged as, if not the virtually undisputed leader of this movement, certainly its most well-known and formidable architect.
  4. 4. CULTURE OF INDIA: RELIGION o India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, I Jainism and Sikhism, collectively known as Indian religions. o India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures.
  5. 5. RELIGION Close-up of a statue depicting Maitreya at the Thikse Monastery in Ladakh, India. Dharmic religions, such as Hinduism and Buddhism Jama Masjid, Delhi, one of the largest mosques in India
  6. 6. CITIZENS OF INDIA The Indian nationality consists of many regional ethno- linguistic groups, reflecting the rich and complex history of India. India, in its current boundaries, was formed out of a number of predecessors. India has more than two thousand ethnic groups and every major religion is represented
  7. 7. -the fifth Mughal emperor and most prolific builder in Indian history. FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
  8. 8. The Queen in whose memory Taj Mahal was made by Shah Jahan and who ruled in the hearts of her people… FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
  9. 9. FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES The kind mother of all who was awarded Noble Peace Prize for her works of Humanity......
  10. 10. The Father of the Nation, who got India its Independence.... FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
  11. 11. The first Prime Minister of India and the architect of Five Year Plans, he is also known as Chacha Nehru... FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
  12. 12. This Noble Laureate is also one of the Great Poets of India.... FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
  13. 13. The Man who changed America or the Saint of India was the strongest man India had… Champion of humanitarianism FAMOUS INDIAN PERSONALITIES
  14. 14. CASTE SYSTEM The Indian caste system describes the system of social stratification and severe social restrictions in India in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed jātis or castes. Within a jāti, there exist exogamous groups known as gotras, the lineage or clan of an individual. In a handful of sub-castes such as Shakadvipi, endogamy within a gotra is permitted and alternative mechanisms of restricting endogamy are used (e.g. banning endogamy within a surname).
  15. 15. INDIAN LITERATURE o Indian literature includes everything which is included in the word ‘literature’ in its broadest, sense: religious and mundane, epic and lyric, dramatic and didactic poetry, narrative and scientific prose, as well as oral poetry and song. o Indian literature is generally believed to be the oldest in the world.
  16. 16. Literature of India Sanskrit Pali Hindi Urdu Prakrit Kalidas Veda Vyasa Chanakya Panchatantra
  17. 17. The author of the Panchatantra is un-known but most people believe it is Bidpai or Vishnusharman. Bidpai is first mentioned in the Arabic version of these stories, and the stories are sometimes called the stories of Bidpai. Some stories say Vishnusharman created some of the stories, but we think he is one man that is responsible for teaching these stories.
  18. 18. The Panchatantra is a book of about eighty-seven stories. It is believed to be written between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D. There are many different languages in the Panchatantra. The stories in the Panchatantra were influenced by many different cultures. The animal fables and magic tales were used to teach young royalty moral lessons.
  19. 19. The Panchatantra is one of India’s most influential contributions to world literature. The Panchatantra is made up of five books that contain about 87 magic tales and animal fables. The supposed author, Bidpai, compiled the stories of the Panchatantra around 500 AD. The animal fable and magic tales were created to educate sons of royalty.