o The Indian culture has provided a lot to world’s culture today.
o Indians studied three different kinds of religion, some studied
Hinduism, some studied Buddhism and others studied Sikhism.
o Indian history began with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization
in such sites as Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, and Lothal, followed by
the coming of the Aryans.
o The European presence in India dates to the sixteenth century,
and it is in the very early part of the eighteenth century that the
Mughal empire began to disintegrate, paving the way for regional
o By the early part of the twentieth century, a nationalist movement had
emerged; and by 1919-20, Mohandas Karamchand ('Mahatma')
Gandhi had emerged as, if not the virtually undisputed leader of this
movement, certainly its most well-known and formidable architect.
CULTURE OF INDIA:
o India is the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, I Jainism and
Sikhism, collectively known as Indian religions.
o India is one of the most religiously diverse nations in the
world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and
Close-up of a statue depicting
Maitreya at the Thikse
Monastery in Ladakh, India.
Dharmic religions, such as
Hinduism and Buddhism
Jama Masjid, Delhi, one of the
largest mosques in India
CITIZENS OF INDIA
The Indian nationality consists of many regional ethno-
linguistic groups, reflecting the rich and complex history
of India. India, in its current boundaries, was formed out
of a number of predecessors.
India has more than two thousand ethnic groups and
every major religion is represented
-the fifth Mughal emperor and most
prolific builder in Indian history.
The Queen in whose memory Taj Mahal was made by
Shah Jahan and who ruled in the hearts of her
The kind mother of all who
was awarded Noble Peace
Prize for her works of
The Father of the Nation, who got
India its Independence....
The first Prime Minister of India and
the architect of Five Year Plans, he
is also known as Chacha Nehru...
This Noble Laureate is also one
of the Great Poets of India....
The Man who changed America or the
Saint of India was the strongest man
Champion of humanitarianism
The Indian caste system describes the system of
social stratification and severe social restrictions in
India in which social classes are defined by thousands
of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed jātis or
Within a jāti, there exist exogamous groups known as
gotras, the lineage or clan of an individual. In a handful
of sub-castes such as Shakadvipi, endogamy within a
gotra is permitted and alternative mechanisms of
restricting endogamy are used (e.g. banning
endogamy within a surname).
o Indian literature includes everything which is included in
the word ‘literature’ in its broadest, sense: religious and
mundane, epic and lyric, dramatic and didactic poetry,
narrative and scientific prose, as well as oral poetry and
o Indian literature is generally believed to be the oldest
in the world.
Literature of India
Sanskrit Pali Hindi Urdu Prakrit
The author of the Panchatantra is un-known but most
people believe it is Bidpai or Vishnusharman. Bidpai is first
mentioned in the Arabic version of these stories, and the
stories are sometimes called the stories of Bidpai. Some
stories say Vishnusharman created some of the stories, but
we think he is one man that is responsible for teaching
The Panchatantra is a
book of about eighty-seven
stories. It is believed to be
written between 200 B.C. and
500 A.D. There are many
different languages in the
Panchatantra. The stories in
the Panchatantra were
influenced by many different
cultures. The animal fables
and magic tales were used to
teach young royalty moral
The Panchatantra is one of India’s most influential contributions
to world literature. The Panchatantra is made up of five books
that contain about 87 magic tales and animal fables. The
supposed author, Bidpai, compiled the stories of the
Panchatantra around 500 AD. The animal fable and magic
tales were created to educate sons of royalty.