Winter frit 8530_south_asia_

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Winter frit 8530_south_asia_

  1. 1. Early Beginnings In Southern Asian
  2. 2. <ul><li>In 1922 scientist digging near the Indus River came upon the ruins of an ancient city that they called Mohhenjo-Daro. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The city was amazingly well planned with wide, straight streets and large buildings. It had a sewer system and a large wall fortress. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mehnjo-Daro was part of a civilization that developed about 4,500 year ago. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Migration <ul><li>The people who lived there were part of one of the world’s oldest civilizations . Over the centuries , many other people moved into the region. Some came peacefully Others marched in with swords in their hand. All of these invaders contributed to South Asian Culture </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>South Asian culture, in turn, influenced cultures of other regions. Hinduism is practiced by millions of people today. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Between 2000 B.C. and 1500 B.C invaders known as Aryans swept down on the people of the Indus Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indus Valley farmers were no match for the Aryan soldiers in horse-drawn chariots. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In time, the Aryans moved eastward to the Ganges River , laying claim to much of northern India . </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Aryans ruled northern India for more than 1,000 years. They introduced new ways of living. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>For example, they divided people into three classes priests , warriors , and ordinary working people. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>This division grew out of Aryan religious writings called the Vedas . </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In time the Aryans drew the conquered people into their class system . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>By 500 B.C. There was a strict division of classes. Europeans later called it the class system. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Each Caste , or class, had special duties and work. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The caste system became a central part of a new system of belief that also emerged from Aryan religious ideas and practices. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>This system of beliefs, Hinduism , is the world’s oldest living religion . </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Hinduism is unlike other major world religions. It has no one single founder. However it has many great religious thinkers . </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Also, Hindus worship many gods and goddesses, but they believe in a single spirit. To Hindus, the various gods and goddesses represent different parts of this spirit. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bibliogrpahy <ul><li>Armstrong, HB. (2008). Exploring our world: people, places, and cultures . New York City, NY, USA: McGraw Hill Glencoe. </li></ul>

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