LEVERAGING A SPACE AGENCY’S VIEW OF
  EARTH TO ADDRESS SOCIETAL NEEDS




      Connected Urban Development, Global Confer...
MITIGATING CLIMATE CHANGE
 How can NASA              What technologies can we
 data, science             leverage?
 and te...
January 25, 2005
PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PROVIDE
  CRITICAL INFORMATION AND INNOVATIVE
               SOLUTIONS




Build on NASA’s ...
NASA’s Earth Science
Missions in Development 2008–2014



                GOES-O
Earth Science




                                         NPP...
L1/L2/HEO/GEO
Sentinel satellites for continuous
monitoring



LEO/MEO
Active and passive sensors for
trends and process s...
NightSat   Identifying human energy use and distribution
                                             through observation ...
NightSat


                               Nighttime images from International Space
                                Statio...
San Francisco Thermal IR
  MODIS/ASTER Airborne Simulator
      (15 April 2008, 4:30am)




11.0um pseudo-colored         ...
Effects of soot on polar ice                       Mean Global Temperatures




       NASA's Seasonal-to-Interannual Pred...
PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PROVIDE
  CRITICAL INFORMATION AND INNOVATIVE
               SOLUTIONS




  Build on NASA’...
TOPS: Common Modeling Framework


   Monitoring,
   modeling,
   & forecasting at
   multiple scales




Nemani et al., 20...
Standard TOPS Outputs: Local to Global Scales

        Global NPP Anomalies                 U.S. Gross Primary Productivit...
NASA / NGA
                       NASA MODIS                                                   Leaf Biomass
     SRTM
    ...
Annual Net Ecosystem Flux of Carbon -- 2004 from MODIS inputs


-




           C Source                                 ...
Wildfire Monitoring
                           Wildfire Monitoring
Real-time monitoring of Western States Wildfires
Remote...
Southern California Firestorm (SoCA 07)

Supported emergency request by CA-Governor’s Office of            NASA Ikhana UAS...
PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PROVIDE
  CRITICAL INFORMATION AND INNOVATIVE
               SOLUTIONS




  Build on NASA’...
Applied Science and Enabling Technologies
     WILDFIRES                                     WRAP/SoCal Fires

           ...
Disaster Imaging & Response

Improving Situational Awareness, Coordination
and Speed of Response

• Rapid image processing...
‘Planetary Skin’ partner logic to-date




                                          …Cisco and Partners
NASA and “Network...
‘Planetary Skin’ platform development, staged
    applications environments and services
                                 ...
Civic Center   San Francisco Thermal IR Survey
                     15 April 2008 (4:30am PDT)




                       ...
CHALLENGES AHEAD




Build on NASA’s Core Earth Science Capabilities

     Leverage Critical Information Systems

        ...
Gary Martin
Director
New Ventures and Communications Directorate
NASA Ames Research Center
Gary.L.Martin@nasa.gov
(650) 60...
Larry Barone and Gary Martin - Leveraging a Space Agency's View Of Earth To Address Societal Needs
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Larry Barone and Gary Martin - Leveraging a Space Agency's View Of Earth To Address Societal Needs

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Larry Barone and Gary Martin - Leveraging a Space Agency's View Of Earth To Address Societal Needs

  1. 1. LEVERAGING A SPACE AGENCY’S VIEW OF EARTH TO ADDRESS SOCIETAL NEEDS Connected Urban Development, Global Conference 2008 September 23-24, 2008, Amsterdam, Netherlands Gary Martin, Director Larry Barone, PhD, Consultant New Ventures and Communications Entrepreneurial Initiatives Division
  2. 2. MITIGATING CLIMATE CHANGE How can NASA What technologies can we data, science leverage? and technology What practices can we change? help meet those needs? What information do we need? citizen or student government agency or private business policy maker or regulator public institution or private organization scientist or teacher
  3. 3. January 25, 2005
  4. 4. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PROVIDE CRITICAL INFORMATION AND INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS Build on NASA’s Core Earth Science Capabilities Leverage Critical Information Systems Partner In New Ways
  5. 5. NASA’s Earth Science
  6. 6. Missions in Development 2008–2014 GOES-O Earth Science NPP GPM OSTM Constellation Glory LDCM OCO GPM Core Aquarius 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  7. 7. L1/L2/HEO/GEO Sentinel satellites for continuous monitoring LEO/MEO Active and passive sensors for trends and process studies Suborbital In situ measurement in research campaigns and validation of remote sensors Surface Based Networks Ocean buoys, air samplers, strain detectors, ground validation sites Information Systems Data management, data assimilation, modeling and synthesis
  8. 8. NightSat Identifying human energy use and distribution through observation of light Current night lights resolution DMSP Operational Line Scanner ISS Digital Photo Chicago at Night
  9. 9. NightSat Nighttime images from International Space Station courtesy Don Petit, Exp 6, NASA Ea st B ay Hi lls SF Ba y Sa n ta Cr uz M tn s SF Bay Area Washington, DC
  10. 10. San Francisco Thermal IR MODIS/ASTER Airborne Simulator (15 April 2008, 4:30am) 11.0um pseudo-colored 11.0um grey scale 4 meter
  11. 11. Effects of soot on polar ice Mean Global Temperatures NASA's Seasonal-to-Interannual Prediction Program (NSIPP)
  12. 12. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PROVIDE CRITICAL INFORMATION AND INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS Build on NASA’s Core Earth Science Capabilities Leverage Critical Information Systems Partner In New Ways
  13. 13. TOPS: Common Modeling Framework Monitoring, modeling, & forecasting at multiple scales Nemani et al., 2003 and 2007
  14. 14. Standard TOPS Outputs: Local to Global Scales Global NPP Anomalies U.S. Gross Primary Productivity California Daily Soil Moisture Estimates Napa Valley Forecasted Vineyard Irrigation Yosemite Minimum Temperatures Demands Spatial scales from 0.5 degrees to 4m. Temporal scales from yearly to daily.
  15. 15. NASA / NGA NASA MODIS Leaf Biomass SRTM Products Elevation Cropland NPP CASA CQUEST – A Decision Support System for Carbon Accounting Outputs: VEMAP & Daymet (UMT) Climate data landscape-to continental scale . User Defined Profile predictive maps Region of Interest of above and Inputs include . Time Frame below ground continental-scale land Biophysical distributions of cover, NDVI, FPAR, Management sequestered elevation, soils, and Climate Scenario carbon for climate data … different climate scenarios Carbon Sequestration Prediction USFS Forest National Inventory and Resource Analysis Data Inventory Cropland Afforestation Prediction Multi-scale Validation Information
  16. 16. Annual Net Ecosystem Flux of Carbon -- 2004 from MODIS inputs - C Source C Sink -25000 -12500 0 12500 25000 g C m-2 yr -1
  17. 17. Wildfire Monitoring Wildfire Monitoring Real-time monitoring of Western States Wildfires Remote sensing with autonomous modular sensor Deployment of ground, aerial (UAV’s), and orbital assets Integration of weather data (images and maps) Distributed data communication Thermal IR scan Mission plan MODIS satellite Flight track active fire detection GOES satellite weather images NIFC fire locations / perimeters Airspace boundaries temporary restrictions UAV pose MODIS fire detection 18
  18. 18. Southern California Firestorm (SoCA 07) Supported emergency request by CA-Governor’s Office of NASA Ikhana UAS Emergency Services and FEMA for “intelligence” assistance on 11 wildfires raging in So. CA. San Diego County OES Witch & Poomacha Fire Fire Perimeters of Oct 25th (red) with AMS-Wildfire- acquired fire detect data (same day) 19
  19. 19. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PROVIDE CRITICAL INFORMATION AND INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS Build on NASA’s Core Earth Science Capabilities Leverage Critical Information Systems Partner In New Ways
  20. 20. Applied Science and Enabling Technologies WILDFIRES WRAP/SoCal Fires Real-time Monitoring of Western States Wildfires Disaster Response RESPONSE DISASTER QuickTime™ and a Situational TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Awareness for First Responders SENTRI-LD MONITORING PIPELINE Pipeline Rights-of- Way Surveillance and Leak Detection
  21. 21. Disaster Imaging & Response Improving Situational Awareness, Coordination and Speed of Response • Rapid image processing/overlay of satellite imagery • Geo-positioning of aerial fly-over imagery • Integrated view of disaster zones Ground assessment Aerial Aerial recon recon 22
  22. 22. ‘Planetary Skin’ partner logic to-date …Cisco and Partners NASA and “Network” provide provide the global the global perspective and understanding of what is unique combination of required to make tropical interdisciplinary science, rainforests ‘worth more state-of-the-art Earth System alive than dead’ by modeling, and global remote developing the business sensing observations (sat, models and the capabilities airborne and terrestrial) of a ‘planetary skin’ needed to understand and enabling real time forest project terrestrial carbon carbon stock management cycle dynamics in real time... that can be funded by carbon markets & funds.
  23. 23. ‘Planetary Skin’ platform development, staged applications environments and services Energy-related Urban Emissions Risk Assessment Food Productivity Water Stress & Biodiversity Tropical Forest Carbon Time
  24. 24. Civic Center San Francisco Thermal IR Survey 15 April 2008 (4:30am PDT) Bayview Industrial MASTER 11.0um 4m Data St Francis Woods Residential
  25. 25. CHALLENGES AHEAD Build on NASA’s Core Earth Science Capabilities Leverage Critical Information Systems Partner In New Ways
  26. 26. Gary Martin Director New Ventures and Communications Directorate NASA Ames Research Center Gary.L.Martin@nasa.gov (650) 604-2400 Larry Barone, PhD Managing Director, BAE Innovative Public-Private Partnership Team Supporting the Entrepreneurial Initiatives Division NASA Ames Research Center Larry.Barone@nasa.gov (650) 604-1325

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