Responsive Typography II

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Your content is the most important feature of your website, so it's important to make sure that the text looks good and is easy to read no matter what device type or screen size it's being viewed on. …

Your content is the most important feature of your website, so it's important to make sure that the text looks good and is easy to read no matter what device type or screen size it's being viewed on. One size does not fit all when it comes to typography, but you can use media queries to adjust type qualities such as size, line height, column width, margins, hyphenation, and even typeface depending on the viewport size. Learn how you can use CSS to apply design rules that will make your typography look better and perform better across devices. You'll also find out how typography affects the loading time of your website, and what you can do to improve performance.

Presented in 2014 at WebVisions Chicago, Blend Conference, Frontend Conference Zurich, Refresh Ottawa, Mobile+Web Dev Conference, STC Summit, Bmoresponsive, and ConvergeSE.

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  • 1. Responsive Typography https://flic.kr/p/2mjtwC Clarissa Peterson @clarissa
  • 2. Communication https://flic.kr/p/6xyFnt
  • 3. Font Size https://flic.kr/p/4r1D8w
  • 4. https://flic.kr/p/eYEFGY Ems
  • 5. 1em = default
  • 6. 2em = twice as big 1em = default
  • 7. 2em = twice as big 1em = default .5em = half as big
  • 8. h1 { font-size: 3em; } h2 { font-size: 2em; } h3 { font-size: 1.5em; } p { font-size: 1em; }
  • 9. h1 { font-size: 3em; } h2 { font-size: 2em; } h3 { font-size: 1.5em; }
  • 10. h1 { font-size: 3em; } h2 { font-size: 2em; } h3 { font-size: 1.5em; }
  • 11. <p>This is 1 em.</p> <div>This is 2 ems <span>(and 1.5 ems) </span>.</div>
  • 12. <p>This is 1 em.</p> <div>This is 2 ems <span>(and 1.5 ems) </span>.</div> p { font-size: 1em; } div { font-size: 2em; } span { font-size: 1.5em; }
  • 13. <p>This is 1 em.</p> <div>This is 2 ems <span>(and 1.5 ems) </span>.</div> p { font-size: 1em; } div { font-size: 2em; } span { font-size: 1.5em; }
  • 14. Thoughtful CSS https://flic.kr/p/bUxzCm
  • 15. div { font-size: 1.1em; }
  • 16. div { font-size: 1.2em; }
  • 17. body { font-size: 100%; }
  • 18. http://alistapart.com
  • 19. https://flic.kr/p/8iNCNU
  • 20. Scale https://flic.kr/p/dhufQk
  • 21. http://www.oliverharvey.co.uk/
  • 22. http://www.oliverharvey.co.uk/
  • 23. http://www.linksture.com/
  • 24. http://www.linksture.com/
  • 25. http://skinnyties.com/
  • 26. http://skinnyties.com/
  • 27. https://flic.kr/p/5a4L3p Rems
  • 28. html { font-size: 100%; }
  • 29. Fallback https://flic.kr/p/GedyD
  • 30. h1 { font-size: 32px; font-size: 2rem; }
  • 31. Line Height (Leading) https://flic.kr/p/4EDFYF
  • 32. p { line-height: 1; } p { line-height: 2; }
  • 33. p { line-height: 1; }
  • 34. p { line-height: 2; }
  • 35. p { line-height: 1.4; }
  • 36. p { line-height: 1.3 }
  • 37. p { line-height: 1.3 } @media only screen and (min-width: 30em) { p { line-height: 1.4 } }
  • 38. p { line-height: 1.3 } @media only screen and (min-width: 30em) { p { line-height: 1.4 } } @media only screen and (min-width: 60em) { p { line-height: 1.5 } }
  • 39. Vertical Margins https://flic.kr/p/4qc5EB
  • 40. p { line-height: 1.5; margin-top: 1.5em; margin-bottom: 1.5em; }
  • 41. Line Length (Measure) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Metal_movable_type.jpg
  • 42. 45-75 Characters
  • 43. 74 72 69 69 65 58 65 73 68 67 66
  • 44. <p>These stories are true. Although I have left <span class=”testing”>the strict line of historical</span> truth in many places, the animals in this book were all real characters.</p>
  • 45. <p>These stories are true. Although I have left <span class=”testing”>the strict line of historical</span> truth in many places, the animals in this book were all real characters.</p> .testing { color: #f00; }
  • 46. <p>These stories are true. Although I have left <span class=”testing”>the strict line of historical</span> truth in many places, the animals in this book were all real characters.</p> .testing { color: #f00; }
  • 47. http://codepen.io/chriscoyier/pen/atebf
  • 48. Media Queries https://flic.kr/p/ajTNcB
  • 49. https://flic.kr/p/8U1KwJ
  • 50. article p { line-height: 1.3; margin: 1.3em 0; } article { width: 94%; margin: auto; }
  • 51. max-width https://flic.kr/p/7nCGk3
  • 52. article { max-width: 28em; }
  • 53. article { max-width: 28em; }
  • 54. @media only screen and (min-width:48em) { article { font-size: 1.1em; } article p { line-height: 1.4; margin: 1.4em auto; } }
  • 55. http://www.mqtest.io
  • 56. @media only screen and (min-width:60em) { article { font-size: 1.2em; } article p { line-height: 1.5; margin: 1.5em auto; } }
  • 57. Alignment & Hyphenation https://flic.kr/p/8veLPW
  • 58. .hyphenate { -webkit-hyphens: auto; -moz-hyphens: auto; hyphens: auto; }
  • 59. @media only screen and (max-width: 40em) { .hyphenate { -webkit-hyphens: auto; -moz-hyphens: auto; hyphens: auto; } }
  • 60. <html lang="en">
  • 61. Easy to read https://flic.kr/p/8iCtLv
  • 62. article p:first-of-type { font-size: 1.2em; }
  • 63. Typeface https://flic.kr/p/5q1Qj1
  • 64. #intro { font-size: 1em; font-family: Helvetica, sans-serif; }
  • 65. #intro { font-size: 1em; font-family: Helvetica, sans-serif; } @media only screen and (min-width:30em) { #intro { font-size: 1.2em; font-family: Populaire, sans-serif; text-transform: uppercase; } }
  • 66. Performance
  • 67. Web Fonts https://flic.kr/p/51wXrK
  • 68. @font-face { font-family: ExampleFont; src: url('ExampleFont.eot'); src: local('Example Font'), url('ExampleFont.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), url('ExampleFont.woff') format('woff'), url('ExampleFont.ttf') format('truetype'), url('ExampleFont.svg') format('svg'); font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; }
  • 69. @font-face { font-family: ExampleFont; src: url('ExampleFont.eot'); src: local('Example Font'), url('ExampleFont.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), url('ExampleFont.woff') format('woff'), url('ExampleFont.ttf') format('truetype'), url('ExampleFont.svg') format('svg'); font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; }
  • 70. @font-face { font-family: ExampleFont; src: url('ExampleFont.eot'); src: local('Example Font'), url('ExampleFont.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'), url('ExampleFont.woff') format('woff'), url('ExampleFont.ttf') format('truetype'), url('ExampleFont.svg') format('svg'); font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; }
  • 71. Use fewer fonts
  • 72. @font-face { font-family: ExampleFont; src: url('ExampleFont.eot'); }
  • 73. @font-face { font-family: ExampleFont; src: url('ExampleFont.eot'); } p { font-family: Arial, sans-serif; }
  • 74. @font-face { font-family: ExampleFont; src: url('ExampleFont.eot'); } p { font-family: Arial, sans-serif; } @media only screen and (min-width: 30em) { p { font-family: ExampleFont, Arial, sans-serif; } }
  • 75. System Fonts https://flic.kr/p/eiyWiy
  • 76. http://www.jordanm.co.uk/tinytype
  • 77. h1 { font-family: Helvetica, Arial, 'Droid Sans', sans-serif; } http://www.jordanm.co.uk/tinytype
  • 78. <link href="http://fonts.googleapis.com/ css?family=Josefin+Slab &text=TitleofWebsite" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
  • 79. Communication https://flic.kr/p/6xyFnt
  • 80. https://flic.kr/p/cdVB9h Clarissa Peterson Peterson/Kandy clarissapeterson.com @clarissa