Using Wikipedia to Begin Research Christina Janiczek LIS 764: Fall 2011 Instruction Session
Agenda Look at Wikipedia article about a fictional hero Use the citations & references to find resources Evaluate resources using the CRAP test Class activity - Apply the CRAP test to a website
Citations & ReferencesWikipedia and beyond You can use this research strategy for just about any source in which information is cited: Scholarly articles Your textbook Websites, etc. Looking at reference lists and bibliographies is an easy way to start exploring the existing literature on a topic.
Batman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batman
Citations & References Information that comes from a credible source is (or should be) cited within the article. **This is true of scholarly work too, including your own.** > Click the citation to find the source, listed in the Notes section.
Citations & ReferencesBooks & other offline sources Citations for books or other material not available online typically include basic information, such as author name and page number. The full citation is listed under References. To find the source at local library, search the DU Online Catalog, I-Share or WorldCat.
Citations & ReferencesWebsites & online sources Citations for online sources will link directly to the source. Tips: Hover over each link before clicking to make sure the link leads where you think it does. Open online sources in a new window or tab so you can get back to the Wikipedia article easily. > Click the link to view the article from The Guardian.
Evaluating Sources Extremely important step! Make sure the information you use is credible and appropriate for your project/paper. Especially important with online sources Highly changeable - information could be here today, gone tomorrow Unidentified authors make it difficult to determine authority & purpose
Evaluating Sources Apply the CRAP test: C is for… Currency R is for… Reliability A is for… Authority P is for… Purpose/Point of ViewAdapted from Ken Orenic, Dominican University, http://loex2008collaborate.pbworks.com/w/page/18686701/The%20CRAP%20Test
Now it’s your turn! Let’s say our topic is the transformations of Batman over time. Apply the CRAP test to the article we looked at earlier from The Guardian.Take a minute to skim the article on your own.
Currencyo How recent is the information?o How recently has the website been updated?o Is it current enough for your topic?Reliabilityo Is content primarily fact or opinion? o If there are opinions, are they balanced?o Does the creator provide references or sources fordata or quotations?Authority o Who is the creator or author, and what are theircredentials? o Who is the publisher or sponsor? Are theyreputable? o What is the publishers interest (if any) in thisinformation? o Are there advertisements on the website?Purpose/Point of Viewo Is this fact or opinion?o Is it biased?o Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?
Discussion Would you include this resource in the annotated bibliography? Why or why not?