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Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
Interfacing with Virtual Worlds
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Interfacing with Virtual Worlds

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  • 1. Interfacing with Virtual Worlds An Introduction to MPEG-V Christian Timmerer Klagenfurt University (UNIKLU)  Faculty of Technical Sciences (TEWI) Department of Information Technology (ITEC)  Multimedia Communication (MMC) http://research.timmerer.com  http://blog.timmerer.com  mailto:christian.timmerer@itec.uni-klu.ac.at Authors : Christian Timmerer, Jean Gelissen, Markus Waltl, and Hermann Hellwagner Slides available at http://www.slideshare.net/christian.timmerer
  • 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Part 1: System Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of MPEG-V Parts 2 and 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Part 3: Sensory Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory Effect Description Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory Effect Vocabulary + Usage Examples (cf. paper) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>(Demo Video) </li></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 3. Introduction <ul><li>Multi-user online virtual worlds (NVE, MMOG) reached mainstream popularity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., World of Warcraft, Second Life, Lineage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boost real world economy by connecting virtual and real world? – Not only Gaming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment, education, training, getting information, social interaction, work, virtual tourism, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For fast adoption of virtual worlds we need a better understanding of their internal economics , rules and regulations </li></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 4. Introduction (cont’d) <ul><li>Finally, interoperability achieved through standardization </li></ul><ul><li>MPEG-V (ISO/IEC 23005) :== system architecture + associated information representations </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability between virtual worlds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., digital content provider of a virtual world (serious) gaming, simulation, DVD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And real world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., sensors, actuators, vision and rendering, robotics (e.g. for revalidation), (support for) independent living, social and welfare systems, banking, insurance, travel, real estate, rights management </li></ul></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 5. MPEG-V System Architecture 2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria Media context and control Pt. 1: Architecture Pt. 3: Sensory Information Pt. 4: Avatar Information Pt. 2: Control Information
  • 6. Part 2: Control Information 2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria <ul><li>Sensory Device Capabilities as ext. of dia:TerminalCapability </li></ul><ul><li>unit, max/minIntensity, numOfLevels, delay, position </li></ul><ul><li>light (color, flash), heating, cooling, wind, vibration </li></ul><ul><li>scent, fog, water sprayer, color correction </li></ul><ul><li>kinestetic, tactile </li></ul><ul><li>User Sensory Preferences as ext. of dia:UserCharacteristics </li></ul><ul><li>adaptability, max/minIntensity </li></ul><ul><li>light (color, flash), heating, cooling, wind, vibration </li></ul><ul><li>scent, fog, water sprayer, color correction </li></ul><ul><li>kinestetic, tactile </li></ul>Fundamental Input to any Control Device (aka Adaptation Engine)
  • 7. Part 4: Avatar Characteristics <ul><li>Appearance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains the high level description of the appearance and may refer a media containing the exact geometry and texture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Haptics Properties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains the high level description of the haptics properties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Animation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains the description of a set of animation sequences that the avatar is able to perform and may refer to several medias containing the exact (geometric transformations) animation parameters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains a set of descriptors providing information on the different modalities an avatar is able to communicate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains a set of descriptors defining the personality of the avatar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains a set of descriptors defining possible place-holders for sensors on body skeleton and face feature points </li></ul></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 8. Part 3: Sensory Information <ul><li>Universal Multimedia Access (UMA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anywhere, anytime, any device + technically feasible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main focus on devices and network connectivity issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Universal Multimedia Experience (UME) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take the user into account </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Adaptation and Quality Models/Metrics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single modality (i.e., audio, image, or video only) or a simple combination of two modalities (i.e., audio and video) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Triple user characterization model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensorial , e.g., sharpness, brightness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptual , e.g., what/where is the content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional , e.g., feeling, sensation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ambient Intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add’l light effects are highly appreciated for both audio and visual content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calls for a scientific framework to capture , measure , quantify , judge , and explain the user experience </li></ul></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria F. Pereira, “A triple user characterization model for video adaptation and quality of experience evaluation,” Proc. of the 7th Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing , Shanghai, China, October 2005, pp. 1 – 4. B. de Ruyter, E. Aarts. “Ambient intelligence: visualizing the future”, Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, New York, NY, USA, 2004, pp. 203–208. E. Aarts, B. de Ruyter, “New research perspectives on Ambient Intelligence”, Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, IOS Press, vol. 1, no. 1, 2009, pp. 5–14.
  • 9. Concept of MPEG-V Sensory Information <ul><li>Consumption of multimedia content may stimulate also other senses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision or audition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Olfaction , mechanoreception , equilibrioception , thermoception , … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Annotation with metadata providing so-called sensory effects that steer appropriate devices capable of rendering these effects </li></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria … giving her/him the sensation of being part of the particular media ➪ worthwhile, informative user experience
  • 10. Sensory Effect Description Language (SEDL) <ul><li>XML Schema-based language for describing sensory effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic building blocks to describe, e.g., light, wind, fog, vibration, scent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPEG-V Part 3, Sensory Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted MPEG-21 DIA tools for adding time information (synchronization) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Actual effects are not part of SEDL but defined within the Sensory Effect Vocabulary (SEV) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensibility : additional effects can be added easily w/o affecting SEDL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility : each application domain may define its own sensory effects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Description conforming to SEDL :== Sensory Effect Metadata (SEM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May be associated to any kind of multimedia content (e.g., movies, music, Web sites, games) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steer sensory devices like fans, vibration chairs, lamps, etc. via an appropriate mediation device </li></ul></ul><ul><li>➪ Increase the experience of the user </li></ul><ul><li>➪ Worthwhile, informative user experience </li></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 11. Sensory Effect Description Language (cont’d) 2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria EffectDefinition ::= [activate][duration][fade][alt] [priority][intensity][position] [adaptability] SEM ::=[DescriptionMetadata](Declarations|GroupOfEffects| Effect|ReferenceEffect)+ Declarations ::= (GroupOfEffects|Effect|Parameter)+ GroupOfEffects ::= timestamp EffectDefinition EffectDefinition (EffectDefinition)* Effect ::= timestamp EffectDefinition
  • 12. Example 2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria < sedl:GroupOfEffects si:pts=&quot;3240000&quot; duration =&quot;100&quot; fade =&quot;15&quot; position =&quot; urn:mpeg:mpeg-v:01-SI-PositionCS-NS:center:*:front &quot; > < sedl:Effect xsi:type=&quot; sev:WindType&quot; intensity=&quot;0.0769&quot;/> < sedl:Effect xsi:type=&quot; sev:VibrationType &quot; intensity=&quot;0.56&quot;/> < sedl:Effect xsi:type=&quot; sev:LightType&quot; intensity=&quot;0.0000077&quot;/> </sedl:GroupOfEffects>
  • 13. Conclusions <ul><li>MPEG-V: Media Context and Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information exchange between Virtual Worlds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information exchange between Virtual and Real Worlds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently comprises four parts (more to come, e.g., refsw, conf) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MPEG-V Part 3: Sensory Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotation with metadata providing so-called sensory effects that steer appropriate devices capable of rendering these effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>➪ enhanced , worthwhile , and informative user experience , giving the user the sensation of being part of the actual media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardization: currently at CD level & going to FCD in October 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research & Development: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Optimized and efficient delivery framework for MPEG-V enabled content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Quality of Service/Experience metrics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanism for (semi-)automatic generation of MPEG-V metadata </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End-to-end reference implementation of MPEG-V </li></ul></ul></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 14. References <ul><li>M. Waltl, C. Timmerer, and H. Hellwagner, “A Test-Bed for Quality of Multimedia Experience Evaluation of Sensory Effects”, Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Quality of Multimedia Experience (QoMEX 2009) , San Diego, USA, July 29-31, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Timmerer, J. Gelissen, M. Waltl, and H. Hellwagner, “Interfacing with Virtual Worlds”, accepted for publication in the Proceedings of the 2009 NEM Summit , Saint-Malo, France, September 28-30, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Timmerer, “MPEG-V: Media Context and Control”, 89th ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 (MPEG) Meeting , London, UK, June 2009. https://www-itec.uni-klu.ac.at/mmc/blog/2009/07/08/mpeg-v-media-context-and-control/ </li></ul><ul><li>MPEG-V: http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/working_documents.htm#MPEG-V </li></ul><ul><li>MPEG-V reflector: http://lists.uni-klu.ac.at/mailman/listinfo/metaverse </li></ul>2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria
  • 15. 2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria Demo & Video
  • 16. Thank you for your attention ... questions, comments, etc. are welcome … Ass.-Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Christian Timmerer Klagenfurt University, Department of Information Technology (ITEC) Universitätsstrasse 65-67, A-9020 Klagenfurt, AUSTRIA [email_address] http://research.timmerer.com/ Tel: +43/463/2700 3621 Fax: +43/463/2700 3699 © Copyright: Christian Timmerer 2009/09/30 Christian Timmerer, Klagenfurt University, Austria

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