Quarrying is one of the biggest industries in the areas where granite, limestone, chalk and clay are found. Unfortunately these areas are, in many cases, also areas of great natural beauty and often part of a National Park. There are therefore many positive and negative impacts of quarrying . General view of Bowers Quarry - http://www.m.godden.btinternet.co.uk/quarrying_info.htm
London- A city of Limestone St Paul’s Cathedral is made from Limestone. Other famous London buildings constructed of Portland stone are The British Museum 1753, Somerset House 1792, General Post Office 1829, The Bank of England, Mansion House and the National Gallery.
The impacts of quarrying Advantages The increased income means that more money is likely to be put into the local economy. Quarries provide much needed employment opportunities in areas where jobs are often hard to come by. Good landscaping of the quarry site once it has been exhausted could enhance the area’s natural beauty further Good landscaping of the quarry site once it has been exhausted could enhance the area’s natural beauty further.
The Eden Project <ul><li>The Eden project in Cornwall is located on the site of a former china clay pit. This project has transformed the environment into a stunning tourist attraction that has also created jobs. </li></ul>Bluewater Shopping Centre Bluewater shopping centre- built on the site of a former quarry provides jobs and leisure facilities for thousands of people.
The impacts of quarrying Disadvantages Visual pollution from the quarry pit itself, as well as the buildings and slag heaps Noise and dust pollution from the blasting needed to extract rock. Noise and dust pollution from the many heavy lorries that will be travelling to and from the quarry every day. These lorries may also block country roads and damage wildlife. Pollutants from the quarry can run-off into the local rivers and cause problems for local people and wildlife. Wildlife habitats are initially lost when the quarry opens.
Possible solutions to the problems of quarrying <ul><li>- Trains could be used instead of lorries, which would cut down the traffic and damage to roads. </li></ul><ul><li>- Landscaping could be used during quarrying to diminish the visual scar, and also once quarrying has been completed, to try to return the area to nature as best as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>- The quarry could be restricted in size, so that it does not engulf the surrounding area. </li></ul><ul><li>- Lines of trees can be used to reduce noise pollution and try to improve the look of the area. </li></ul>