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Tourism and recreation_tourism_is_dorset_s_pred[1]

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Impact of tourism on Jurassic Coast

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Tourism and recreation_tourism_is_dorset_s_pred[1]

  1. 1. A World Heritage Site <ul><li>The Jurassic Coast- </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>England’s first and only natural </li></ul><ul><li>World Heritage Site.    </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>so it needs looking after... </li></ul>
  2. 2. Attractions of Jurassic Coast   <ul><li>Studland and Shell Bays </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>owned by the National Trust. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 1.5 million visitors a year , </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>attracted by the fine sandy beaches and a range of beach and water-based activities. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>but what IMPACT do all these people have?  </li></ul><ul><li>Good and Bad... </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fossil hunters' paradise <ul><li>Charmouth </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>famous for fossils, </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>attracts many visitors to the area. In addition to fossil collecting, Charmouth is used for beach activities, bathing and rock-pooling. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Lulworth Cove - </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>privately owned . Up to ¾ of a million visitors a year </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>see the internationally recognised  features of the Cove, Stair Hole and Durdle Door. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The pebble beaches of Lulworth Cove, Man O’War Cove and Durdle Door are popular for beach activities, rock-pooling, bathing and water sports. </li></ul>
  5. 5.              Impact 1 -Fossil Collection <ul><li>I nappropriate fossil or specimen collecting is a potential threat to the World Heritage Site (ie we don't people just digging up vast numbers of fossils and walking away with them..) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Too many collectors have left unsightly marks in the rock where they have been digging </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>But.... </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Not a major concern because there are SO MANY FOSSILS, so the activity is SUSTAINABLE (the sea constantly erodes new sections of cliff, exposing new finds of fossils) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A CODE of GOOD PRACTICE has been agreed by collectors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Impact 2 - Coastal Squeeze&quot; <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>human activity limits habitat- </li></ul><ul><li>eg new buildings, </li></ul><ul><li>sea defences such as the wall to </li></ul><ul><li>protect against erosion in the </li></ul><ul><li>second diagram crowd out </li></ul><ul><li>the habitat </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Impact 3-Litter <ul><li>  </li></ul>Danger to sea creatures, damages local FOOD CHAIN and ECOSYSTEMS Health Risk Unsightly
  8. 8. Impact 4-Water Sports <ul><li>Divers collect vulnerable species e.g. Pink Sea Fan and Ross Coral; may cause damage to fins of  rare species of fish </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Jet Skis disturb wildlife – noise disturbs waders, other birds feeding in Poole Harbour and can wash from boats erodes sea grass beds at Studland; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal marina developments , especially by reclamation, and by pollution from sewage, bilge water and litter. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Windsurfers, etc trample over plant species in fragile sand dunes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Impact 5- Urban Blight <ul><li>Increasing tourism brings &quot;blight&quot;, ie the building of large and inappropriate structures, eg hotels, leisure centres along previously unspoilt coasts. </li></ul><ul><li>Honeypots -crowded harbours-shore built over by restaurants, poorly designed buildings, slipways, toilets, shops –eg Poole Harbour </li></ul><ul><li>Large caravan parks in prominent headlands look unattractive;. Slow-moving caravans make surrounding roads congested </li></ul><ul><li>Marinas built in sheltered harbours; with car parks, boatyards, new buildings, noise-loss of amenity </li></ul><ul><li>Towns grow along coast and may merge, creating unbroken urban strip. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Solutions <ul><li>Voluntary Marine Conservation Areas. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>There are a number of voluntary areas in the South West, focusing on different aspects of the marine environment. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Zoning -Poole Harbour Aquatic Management Plan </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>This plan identifies the southern Harbour as a ‘Quiet Area’ It separates the commercial shipping channel, the main recreational craft channel and the small boat channel from the designated windsurfing area and the Jet-ski area.     </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tourism and the Economy-Gateways <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Management Plan-Primary Gateway Centres to the coast. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>educate visitors about the coast’s unique geology </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>show how the coast is conserved and managed in a sustainable way in line with World Heritage Site principles </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>provide practical information on visiting the coast such as maps, activity providers and accommodation. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Attract quarter of a million visitors a year , </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>generate £5.3m of visitor expenditure and support around 170 additional full-time jobs.   </li></ul>

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