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Foundation of education 14
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Foundation of education 14

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  • 1. Curriculum and Instruction Lecturer: Mr. Soeung Sopha Students: 1 1. Miss Tep Sonimul 2. Mr. Leang Channy 3. Mr. Chan Rannkiry
  • 2. Curriculum Organization Issues in Curriculum Development Instructional Approaches Emerging Curriculum Trends: An Agenda for the Future Outline 2
  • 3. How do local, state, and federal government influence education? How does the local school board work with the district superintendent in formulating school policy? What is the Government’s policy in Cambodian Education? What is the different between Educational System in USA and Cambodia??? NOTE
  • 4. 4
  • 5. Instructional Approaches Four sections are discussed in “Instructional Approaches”: A. Differentiated Instruction B. Cooperative Learning C. Direct Instruction D. Technology Enhanced Instruction
  • 6. 1. Maximizing learner potential 2. Multiple paths to learning 6
  • 7. 7
  • 8. Students must be taught according to an individualized education. Instruction base on learners’ abilities. 8
  • 9. 9
  • 10. Let students to use their experiences and the curriculum they are studying. Give more ways to students to get knowledge. (Extended curriculum) 10
  • 11. 1. Competition versus Cooperation 11 Cooperative learning offers students new chances to experience in school and helps them develop a range of interpersonal and individual skills
  • 12. Competition is talked about Winners and Losers because of different ability and achievement. Cooperation is the way to reduce Competition and increasing Cooperation among students. 12
  • 13. 2. Motivation to participate 13
  • 14. Students are contributing to the group by working toward a common goal, they are motivated to participate in an active learning experience. It is also necessary for each group member to make an individual contribution to group, so individual accountability is required. 14
  • 15. 3. Benefits of cooperative learning 15 a. Increase self-esteem b. Lead to positive academic gains c. Reduce racial conflict d. Encourage listening, engagement, and empathy
  • 16. e. Increase acceptance of special needs students in the included classroom f. Increase active involvement in class 16
  • 17. Direct Instruction model has been incorporated in classrooms, especially at the elementary level. It deliberately guided and exactly clear in order for the learner to know the content and skills that need to be learned and performed. 17
  • 18.  It is the optimal way to teach and learn science and other subjects. 18
  • 19. Connected classroom: Today, majority of classrooms are connected to the internet. 19
  • 20. Technology is widespread: Technology-enhanced activities such as word processing, concept mapping, spreadsheet applications, internet research, PowerPoint presentation… 20
  • 21. Online courses expand: related to e-learning. The future and web-based communities: Web 2.0 (Webopdeia) focused on the ability for people to collaborate and share information online. (Blogs, Wikis, Slideshare…) 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. Literacy 2.0: refer to the way of learning through social network. (facebook, Myspace, twitter…) 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. There has been year of research involved in the importance of art education and what art education goals are and the studies prove that what student gain out of an art education is almost unbeatable.
  • 26.  Where any other course is concerned and an art education even if it is of a basic nature can help a student to gain confidence in their natural creative activities that could lead to further emotional as well as social development and even academic achievement through an increased sense of concentration. 27
  • 27. Research from the Guggnheim Museum posits that studying about paintings sculpture enhances students’ abilities in other subjects.
  • 28. While there are those who still suggest that the arts should be taught for their own merit, the discussion above bolsters their case that the arts are more than a luxury to be tacked onto the existing curriculum. 29
  • 29. The number of ELLs entering U.S. public schools has grown in recent years and will continue grow in the future.
  • 30. The NYC school system has classified such students as Students with Interrupted Formal Education, and it is developing programs to assist such student succeed in the school setting. 31
  • 31. The are a number of concerns that face school officials who provide services for ELL students, especially those who have recently immigranted. 32
  • 32. It has been suggested that school reduce the time devoted to physical education because more time must be allocated to tested areas such as reading and mathematics.
  • 33. Existing physical education program have been challenged for providing inadequate amounts of physical activity for maintaining good health. 34
  • 34. Initial findings suggest that physically fit students are more likely to do well on achievement test, experience fewer discipline problems, and are less likely to drop out.
  • 35. Health classes are adding more information about healthy eating habits, and health educators suggest merging nutrition education into regular classes. 36
  • 36. A recent survey of environmental literacy in America suggests that students would be well served by learning then content and skills promoted through an environmental education curriculum.
  • 37. Elementary school can use environment- based education as a way to integrate subject matter. 38
  • 38. Specific instructional units with environmental themes could be infused into existing biology, chemistry, and physics courses or separate environmental science courses could be developed.
  • 39. Thanks for your attention! 40

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