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OSDC.TW 2014   building popular open source projects
 

OSDC.TW 2014 building popular open source projects

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    OSDC.TW 2014   building popular open source projects OSDC.TW 2014 building popular open source projects Presentation Transcript

    • Building popular open source projects 林佑安 / Yo-An Lin / @c9s Tips & Tricks
    • • 林佑安 Yo-An Lin (c9s) • GitHub: @c9s • Golang / PHP / JavaScript / Perl
    • So you might ask
    • “Is it important to make it popular?”
    • “Yes!”
    • 群聚效應 “群聚效應(Critical mass) 是⼀一個社會動⼒力學的名詞, ⽤用來描述在⼀一個社會系統裡,某件事情的存在已達⾄至 ⼀一個⾜足夠的動量,使它能夠⾃自我維持,並為往後的成 ⻑⾧長提供動⼒力。”
    • 若有⼀一個⼈人停下來抬頭往天望,沒有⼈人會理會他,其他 路過的⼈人會照舊繼續他們要做的事情。如果有三個⼈人停 了下來抬頭望天,可能會有多幾個⼈人會停下來看看他們 在做甚麼,但很快⼜又會去繼續他們原來的事。但假若當 街上抬頭向天望的群眾增加⾄至 5 到 7 ⼈人,這時,其他⼈人 可能亦會好奇地加⼊入,看看他們到底在做甚麼。 http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/群聚效應
    • 也就是: 當某專案符合某個獨特的市場需求,⽽而且能夠受到注⺫⽬目, 不斷被群眾提起,⾃自然就能吸引更多的開發者重視,並 且加⼊入開發/⽀支援/貢獻。 有了動能,就算專案擁有者沒有持續開發,也可以讓專 案持續前進
    • 開源之道 Allison Randal @ OSDC TW 2012 http://pugs.blogs.com/pugs/2012/04/%E9%96%8B%E6%BA%90%E4%B9%8B%E9%81%93.html http://allisonrandal.com/2012/04/15/open-source-enlightenment/
    • “Open source collaboration”
    • 前提是你的專案要有⼈人 願意參與
    • 如果你想要有更多⼈人願 意參與 If you want more people join in
    • 你必須把 open source 專案視為銷售產品 You need to treat your project as a product
    • –McCarthy “4P: Product, Price, Place, Promotion”
    • –Robert Lauterborn “4C: Customer needs and wants, Cost to the customer, Convenience, Communication”
    • 市場潛⼒力 And find the market potential
    • 獨特性 Make it unique
    • 爭議性 Let people discuss
    • 甚⾄至可嘗試負⾯面⾏行銷
    • You may focus on
    • creativity / performance / simple interface / lightweight implementation / fun
    • I started using GitHub since 2009
    • for fun
    • and wrote a lot of vim plugins, perl modules…
    • Was really busy in the past few years
    • Almost work from 9 AM to 2 AM everyday
    • holiday = working day
    • Chinese cruel torture
    • And we released a lot of open source projects from them
    • From back-end to front-end
    • phprew, pux, gutscript and so on…
    • My public contribution calendar was almost like this, 2013 and private repositories are not included.
    • Here is what I’ve learned. And which should be helpful for small projects to start.
    • 專案 名稱 The name of a project should be easy to remember
    • 1. Short name node.js, three.js, gearman, apache, nginx, jQuery, bootstrap, gem, rails and so on…
    • 2. Pronounceable You don’t want a project named “hjkdvbjkGUI” or something
    • 3. Unique
    • 4. Combining words or making up new words entirely YouTube, Facebook, Myspace, GitHub
    • 第⼀一 印象 First Impression
    • SYNOPSIS
    • Which I learned from CPAN - an aged, fantastic site.
    • Synopsis is important because…
    • It may include a workable example to help others run a basic program
    • And of course, further development :)
    • You firstly see the synopsis of the API,
    • then read the tediously long description
    • 先看對⽅方正不正 再看是否進⼀一步交往
    • ⾔言簡 意賅 Easy to understand
    • • Describe what’s the project doing. • Details & mechanism later.
    • 友善 授權 License
    • http://inspire.twgg.org/internet/trends/item/74-comparison-of-five-kinds-of-standard-open-source-license-bsd- apache-gpl-lgpl-mit.html 五種開源授權規範的⽐比較 • MIT License • BSD License • Apache License • LGPL License • GPL License
    • 簡易 使⽤用 Easy to use
    • “設置到使⽤用” ⾮非常重要 From Setup to Use
    • 多環境設置測試 Test on different platforms
    • 減少使⽤用者挫折感
    • 幫助使⽤用者快速建⽴立環境
    • 傻⽠瓜都會⽤用建置步驟
    • 簡易有效的開發環境建 置步驟
    • 使⽤用良好的套件⼯工具避 免 dependency failure
    • 詳細 確實 Details
    • 多數開發者還是依賴⽂文 件開發
    • 少數開發者才會去 trace code
    • 詳細的⽂文件對加⼊入專案 的會很有幫助
    • 完整度的表現
    • 可增加使⽤用意願
    • 且可製造安全感的假象
    • ⽼老⺩王 賣⽠瓜 Promote your project
    • 善⽤用媒體
    • • Mailing List • Google Group • IRC • Twitter • Facebook • Hacker News • 善⽤用 Mail Signature
    • 多管 閒事 Help others
    • 如果很閒的話 :-p
    • 上 Stack Overflow
    • “嘿 何不嘗試看看某 xxx 專案,也許符合你的需求。”
    • 打鐵 趁熱
    • “Hey, I fixed ….” “Hey, I added a new feature for …” “What if ….., can we make it?”
    • If you don’t reply them, you might lost these contributors.
    • Merged pull request makes people happy,
    • and they might send new pull request later…
    • 也就是: 如果你忘了他們 貢獻者也會把你忘了
    • ⽽而且不會回來
    • If possible, try not to reject pull requests,
    • Rejecting pull request will stop their motivation
    • 盡量不要發好⼈人卡
    • Help them improve the pull request and get the pull request merged.
    • To prevent rejecting pull requests
    • Let them know: discuss before sending pull request
    • 正向 循環
    • Be kind to others
    • 尊重彼此 Respect each other
    • 避免“讀他媽的⽂文件” No RTFM
    • –Field of Dreams “If you build it, they will come.”
    • Thank you c9s @ twitter / github / plurk (Next talk: gutscript)