Computer Concepts Intro

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This is the slides that I use to introduce computers and computing to my Computer Concepts and Applications students at Moline High School

This is the slides that I use to introduce computers and computing to my Computer Concepts and Applications students at Moline High School

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  • 200 Million Moves/s; 64 CPUs

Transcript

  • 1. Computer Concepts Chapter 1
  • 2. Overview
    • Explain Computer Literacy
    • Define Hardware & Software
    • Identify Computer Components
    • Differentiate Various Software Types
    • Differentiate Computer Platforms
  • 3. A World of Computers
    • Notable Technology Prognostications
      • “ I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.”
        • Thomas Watson, Chairman of IBM, 1943
      • “ Computers in the future may weigh no more than one and a half tons.”
        • Popular Mechanics, 1949
      • “ There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.”
        • Ken Olson, President of DEC, 1977
  • 4. A World of Computers
    • Computer Use
      • Everywhere
        • Impact Virtually Everyone
        • Creation, Collection, Dissemination
          • Price/Power
          • Competition
      • Computer Literacy
        • Understanding of Computers and Their Uses
          • Technical Knowledge Not Required
  • 5. What Is A Computer?
    • Computer Definition
      • Electronic Machine
        • Controlled by Instructions in its Own Memory
      • Accepts Data
        • Raw Facts, Figures, & Symbols
      • Processes Data Into Information
        • Data that is Organized, Meaningful, and Useful
      • Produces & Stores Results
  • 6. What Is A Computer?
    • Information Processing Cycle
      • Input — Accepts Data
      • Processing — Manipulate Data
      • Output — Produce Results
      • Storage — Store Results
      • Communication — Send Results to Others
  • 7. What Is A Computer?
    • Hardware & Software
      • Hardware
        • Electronic & Mechanical Equipment
      • Software
        • Instructions that Tell Hardware How to do Tasks
  • 8. Hardware
    • Common Hardware Components
  • 9. Hardware
    • System Unit
      • Box-like Device
        • Contains Electronic Components
          • Connected to Motherboard
  • 10. Hardware
    • Input Devices
      • Used to Enter Data & Instructions
        • Keyboard
        • Mouse
        • Scanner
        • Digital Camera
        • Video Camera
        • Microphone
  • 11. Hardware
    • Processing
      • Memory
        • Temporary Storage for Data & Instructions
      • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
        • Carries Out Instructions
        • Tells Computer What to Do
      • Attached to Motherboard
  • 12. Hardware
    • Output Devices
      • Conveys Information to User
        • Monitor
        • Printer
        • Speakers
  • 13. Hardware
    • Storage
      • Holds Data & Instructions for Future Use
        • Media
          • Physical Material
        • Device
          • Reads / Writes Data
  • 14. Hardware
    • Communications Devices
      • Establishes Connection Between Computers
      • Use Telephone Lines, Cables, & Satellites
        • Modem
          • Converts Digital Signals to Analog & Vice Versa
  • 15. Hardware
    • Networks
      • Collection of Connected Computers / Devices
        • Share Resources
          • Hardware
          • Software
          • Data & Information
        • Save Time & Money
      • Internet
        • Worldwide Network Linking Millions of Computers
  • 16. Software
    • Systems Software
      • Controls Computer Operations & Hardware
      • Operating System
        • Set of Programs
        • Coordinates Activities Among Hardware Devices
        • Allows Users to Run Application Software
      • Utility Programs
        • Allow Users to Perform Maintenance-type Tasks
  • 17. Software
    • Application Software
      • Performs Specific Tasks for Users
        • Word Processing
        • Spreadsheet
        • Database
        • Presentation
        • Personal Information Management (PIM)
  • 18. Software
    • Installation
  • 19. Software
    • Programs
      • Series of Instructions
      • Tells Computer What to Do
  • 20. Advantages & Disadvantages
    • Computer Advantages
      • Speed
      • Reliability
      • Consistency
      • Storage
      • Communications
  • 21. Advantages & Disadvantages
    • Computer Disadvantages
      • Violation of Privacy
      • Crime
      • Impact on Labor Force
      • Health Risks
      • Impact on Environment
  • 22. Platforms
    • Personal Computers
      • Desktops
        • PCs & Compatibles
          • Windows OS
        • Apple
          • Macintosh OS
  • 23. Platforms
    • Personal Computers
      • Notebook
        • AKA Laptop
      • Tablet
  • 24. Platforms
    • Mobile Computers
      • PDA
      • Smart Phone
      • Handheld
  • 25. Platforms
    • Computer Platforms
  • 26. Industry Applications
    • Education
      • Distance Learning
    • Finance
      • Online Banking & Investing, Tax Prep
    • Government
      • 911 Dispatching, Squad Notebooks
    • Healthcare
      • Electronic Patient Records, PPID
  • 27. Industry Applications
    • Science
      • Collect, Analyze, & Model Data
    • Publishing
      • E-books, PDF Manuals, MP3s
    • Travel
      • Navigation Systems, Reservations, E-tickets
    • Manufacturing
      • Production, Inventory, Quality Control