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POWER POINT PRESENTATION ON NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES.
BY :- PRASHANT KUMAR
E.E , R.I.E.T
JAIPUR

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  1. 1. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />
  2. 2. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />A<br />SEMINAR <br />ON <br /> NCES<br />BY<br />PRASHANT KR. ,FINAL YR. R.I.E.T<br />
  3. 3. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />ABOUT NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES--------<br />ENERGY RESOURCES , WHICH ARE CONSIDERED FOR LARGE SCALE USE AFTER THE OIL CRISIS OF 1973 , ARE CALLED NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES . <br />TYPES --------------<br />SOLAR ENERGY<br />WIND ENERGY<br />TIDAL ENERGY<br />BIOMASS ENERGY<br />Fuel Cell<br />
  4. 4. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />WORLD’S TRENDS OF CONSUMPTION OF FUEL <br />
  5. 5. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />WHY ? NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOUECES<br />
  6. 6. ABOUT ---------------------- SOLAR ENERGY<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />
  7. 7. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />HOW ? EARTH RECEIVIVNG ENERGY FROM SUN<br />
  8. 8. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />UTILIZATION OF SOLAR ENERGY IN TWO WAYS ------------<br />SUN<br />ENERGY<br />1.1.- SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEM<br />2.1. -COLLECTING THE RADIATNT HEAT AND USING IT IN A THERMAL SYSTEM<br />3.1.-APPLICATIONS-- --<br />---IN COLD CLIMATE REGIONS<br />---IN INDUSTRY FOR HEATING FLUID AT LOW TEMP.<br /> 2.2-SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL<br />2.3- COLLECTING AND CONVERTING DIRECTLY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY<br />3.2.- APPLICATIONS---------<br /> WATER PUMPING LIGHTING<br />MEDICAL REFRIGERATION<br />TELECOMMUBNICATION AND SIGNALLING<br />U<br />T<br />I<br />L<br />Z<br />E<br />
  9. 9. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />SOLAR COLLECTORS<br />FLAT PLATE- NON CONCENTATION<br />CONCENTRATING TYPE<br />APPLICATIONS<br />SOLAR INDUSTRIAL HEATING SYSTEM<br />SOLAR WATER HEATER<br />SOLAR POND<br />SOLAR COOKER<br />SOLAR FURNACES<br />
  10. 10. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />WORKING OF SOLAR CELL<br />APLLICATIONS<br /><ul><li>GRID INTERACTIVE</li></ul>POWER APLLICATION<br /><ul><li>WATER PUMPING
  11. 11. LIGHTING
  12. 12. MEDICAL </li></ul>REFRIGERATION<br /><ul><li>VILLAGE POWER
  13. 13. TELECOMMUNICATION AND SIGNALLING</li></li></ul><li>NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />USE SOLAR ENERGY ------------- IT’S Free <br />
  14. 14. WIND ENERGY<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br /><ul><li>Energy of wind can be used for the generation of electrical energy.
  15. 15. A wind mill converts the kinetic energy of moving air into mechanical motion that can be either use directly to run the machine or to turn the generator to produce electricity.
  16. 16. Wind energy which is an indirect source of energy can be utilized to run wind mill which in turn derive generator to produce electricity.</li></li></ul><li>NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />
  17. 17. USES OF WIND POWER<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />
  18. 18. WIND ENERGY IT’S FREE<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />HARNESS IT<br />PLZ USE IT !!!!<br />
  19. 19. TIDAL ENERGY<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />What is tidal power? <br /><ul><li>Tide is periodic rise and fall of the water level of the sea. It occur due to the attraction of seawater by the moon.
  20. 20. It produce electrical power which is known as tidal power.
  21. 21. A dam is constructed in such a away that a basin gets separated from the sea and a difference in the water level is obtained between the basin and sea
  22. 22. The Potential energy of the water stored in the basin is used to drive the turbine which in turn generates electricity as it is directly coupled to an alternator.</li></li></ul><li>FACTORS EFFECTING SUITABILITY OF PLANTS<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />
  23. 23. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />ADVANTAGES<br />DISADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li> Make demand for large area of valuable land because they are on bays.
  24. 24. Pollution Free
  25. 25. It has a unique capacity to meet the peak power demand effectively when it works in combination with thermal or hydroelectric system.
  26. 26. Tidal Power is superior to conventional hydro power as the </li></ul>tides are totally independent on nature’s cycle of rainfall.<br /><ul><li>These Power plants can be developed only if natural sites are available.
  27. 27. The power generated must be transported to long distances. This increases the transportation cost.
  28. 28. Sedimentation and silt ration of the basins are some of the added problems with tidal power plants.
  29. 29. The supply of power is not continuous as it depends upon the timing of tides.</li></li></ul><li>Tidal energy avialable free<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />HARNESS IT<br />PLZ USE IT<br />
  30. 30. Biomass energy<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br /><ul><li>Biomass is a renewable source of energy because the natural process of photosynthesis constantly produces new organic matter in the growth of trees and plants. Photosynthesis stores the sun´s energy in organic matter. Biomass is used to make heat, electricity and liquid fuels.
  31. 31. Biomass is solar energy stored in organic matter.
  32. 32. Bio gas is generated through a process of anaerobic digestion of Bio Mass. Bio Mass is organic matter produced by plants, both terrestrial (those grown on land) and aquatic (those grown in water) and their derivatives
  33. 33. . It includes forest crops and residues, crops grown especially for their energy content on “energy farms” and animal manure. </li></li></ul><li>NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY CHART<br />
  34. 34. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />ADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>It provides a better and cheaper fuel cooking, lighting and for powergeneration.
  35. 35. It produces good quality, enriched manure to improve soil fertility.
  36. 36. It proves an effective and convenient way for sanitary disposal of human excreta, improving the hygienic conditions.
  37. 37. As a smokeless domestic fuel, it reduces the incidence of eye and lung diseases.</li></li></ul><li>NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />SELECTION OF SITE<br /><ul><li>The distance between the plant and site of gas consumption or kitchen should be less to Minimize cost on gas pipe line and gas leakage.
  38. 38. It should be near the cattle-shed to minimize the distance for carrying cattle dung and transportation cost.
  39. 39. The area should be free from roots of trees which are likely to creep into the digester and cause damage.
  40. 40. Sufficient space must be available for day to day Operation and Maintenance.
  41. 41. It should be on an elevated area so that the plant does not get submerged during normal rains.
  42. 42. It should be open to receive the Sun’s rays for most part of the day and to keep the plant in warm.</li></li></ul><li>BIOMASS AVIALABLE EVERYWHERE<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />IT’S TIME TO THINK NOW !<br />HARNESS BIO ENERGY<br />
  43. 43. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />FUEL CELL<br />Fuel Cells are efficient and quiet, operate on a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, and produces almost no objectionable emissions. <br />The concept has been proven in numerous small scale applications. The recent infusion of power cost from fossil fuels may convert this promising device into a major source of electric power generation.<br />It is predicted that if the fuel cell clears a number of technical hurdles and proves financially viable, it could contribute 20,000MW power to the US grid, by the end of 1985. <br />
  44. 44. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />WORKING OF FUEL CELL<br />
  45. 45. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />ADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>The fuel cell converts its fuel directly to electric power. Pollutant levels range from 1/10 to 1/50,000 of those produced by a fossil fuel power plant as there it no combustion
  46. 46. No cooling water is needed so it can be located at any desired place.</li></ul>As it does not make noise. It can be readily accepted in residential areas.<br /><ul><li>The land requirement is considerably less compared with conventional</li></ul>power plants.<br /><ul><li>Fuel cell power plants may further cut generation costs by eliminating or reducing line losses. The maintenance charges are low as there are no moving parts and</li></ul>outages are also less.<br /><ul><li>The weight and volume of the fuel cell is considerably low compared to</li></ul>other energy sources.<br />
  47. 47. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />FUEL CELL<br />
  48. 48. FUEL CELL NEW TECHNOLOGY<br />NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />NEW TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED<br />USE IT !<br />
  49. 49. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />SAVE NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES USE THESE<br />BIOMASS<br />SOLAR<br />FUEL CELL<br />WATER<br />WIND<br />
  50. 50. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />
  51. 51. NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES BY -- PRASHANT KUMAR, R.I.E.T<br />Queries ?<br />

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