MARYLAND PUBLIC LIBRARY ACCESSIBILIT Y PROJECTGoal: Make all public library websites inMaryland fully compliant withSection 508 Accessibility Standards.Enoch Pratt Free Library is the State LibraryResource Center.We will be leading by example and providingsupport to county libraries.
SECTION 508Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act is afederal law and set of standards.It requires federal agencies to make theirelectronic and information technologyaccessible to people with disabilities.
SECTION 508Includes: software applications and operating systems w eb-based information or applications telecommunication products video and multimedia products self contained, closed products (e.g., information kiosks, calculators, and fax machines) desktop and portable computers
WCAG 2.0The World Wide Web Consortium (W3) maintainsstandards called WCAG 2.0 (Web ContentAccessibility Guidelines, implemented in 2008).They are international standards .Section 508 standards will soon be updated to referdevelopers and site owners to to WCAG.
WHO DOES IT SERVE?Accessible web content is usable and meaningful forpeople with ANY disability, including: Blindness Color blindness Nearsightedness Deafness Reduced motor skills, caused by conditions such as arthritis or amputation Cognitive impairment Seizure conditions
CONTENT MUST BE PERCEIVABLE P rovide text alternative to non-text content, including images, tables, and forms. P rovide transcripts for audio content, or closed captions for video content D on’t use visual elements such as color or font to communicate important information.
SITE MUST BE OPERABLE A ll functions must be available from the keyboard . G ive users enough time to read and use content. D o not use content that causes seizures . H elp users navigate and find content .
CONTENT MUST BE UNDERSTANDABLE M ake text readable and understandable by using clear and concise writing M ake content appear and operate in predictable ways by adhering to best practice standards. C learly define forms and help users avoid and correct mistakes .
WHY? I f your website is not accessible, you will lose valuable market share . A ccessible websites are generally good examples of web design best practices , and will therefore last longer and work better. I t’s not the law yet, but it will be. There have already been successful suits filed against businesses with inaccessible websites.
PROVIDE ALTERNATE CONTENT A dd alt tags to images P rovide transcripts for audio content P rovide closed captions for video content G ive descriptions to tables and forms
USE SEMANTIC MARKUPHTML5 has tags for almost every kind of content.Call your content what it is: Header (<h1>, <h2>) tags for headers and subheaders Emphasis (<em>) rather than italic (<i> is deprecated in HTML5) Footer (<footer>) for the footer area Ordered list (<ol>) for numbered lists
FOLLOW GOOD DESIGN PRINCIPLES U se easy-to-read fonts U se fluid layouts so the site displays properly at any resolution L eave ample white space to improve readability U se high-contrast colors
TOOLS & RESOURCES The W3 Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) website has case studies of people with disabilities using the web. WAVE shows errors and warnings in context for individual pages Use your operating system’s built-in text-to-voice software for experiencing your site through a screen reader.For links to these tools and more, visit prairieskydesigns.com .