Data center dynamics

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  • 1. Data Center Dynamics Bisakha Praharaj February 2012
  • 2. Data Center EvolutionTechnology Innovation and Green IT Adaptation Virtualized Clusters Cloud Data Centers Grid Computing Client/Server Minicomputers Mainframes Time 1960 1980 1990 2000 NOW Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 2
  • 3. Significant StatisticsIT Equipment and Cooling systems contribute to around 75% of a Data Center’s energyconsumption. EYP Missions Critical Facilities Inc., New YorkData Centers Use 1.3% of World’s Total Electricity Study by Stanford professor Jonathan KoomeyTraditionally, 89% of IT budgets allocated to hardware and maintenance, while only 11% isinvested in new product initiatives MicrosoftServer utilization is around 10 to 25 percent on an average across all industries Mark E. Stumm, nlyte SoftwareIndian data center capacity is poised to touch 6.6 million square feet by 2016 GartnerWorld’s Third Largest Data Center now in Bangalore. Tulip Telecom PR reportEveryday, we create 2.5 quintillion bytes of data, so much that 90% of the data in the world todayhas been created in the last two years alone. IBM Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 3
  • 4. Data Center – Market and Technology Trends Data Center Consolidation DC in a Box Cloud Computing• Centralization and convergence • Converged Infrastructure concept • Private Cloud adoption on the witnessed collates servers, storage, cooling, upswing amongst Govt.• Saves on cost, reduces IT asset networking and power systems departments and enterprises sprawl and increases control • Helpful with space utilization and IT • Accountability, faster provisioning, infrastructure optimization service oriented IT architecture Ethernet Usage Green Computing Network Convergence• Metro Ethernet and EoMPLS • Increasing preference for • Data (LAN) and storage networks adoption certifications – LEED, Uptime (FC) need to merge• Bandwidth flexibility, cost efficiency Institute Tier Levels, PUE, ISO, etc. • Proliferation of Fiber Channel over and high scalability • Shift in IT devices, building Ethernet (FCoE) technologies and cooling systems Virtualization Data Center Automation Innovative Cooling• Server, Storage and Network • Surpass network fault management • Precision cooling, Liquid cooling, virtualization and performance measurement hot aisle-cold aisle design are all an• Immense power savings coupled • Will include complex tools like VPS attempt at energy saving along with with better space utilization and provisioning, migration, increased system efficiency centralization of hardware configuration management , etc. Current Emerging Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 4
  • 5. Next Generation Data Center will be Flat network enabled Virtualized displaying Data and Storage Network Convergence Non-Application specific Completely Automated increasingly Service-centric Greener Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 5
  • 6. Supply Side Value Chain Mapping DC Other DC Build & Racks & Captive DC Third Party Storage Servers Networking Passive Connectivity Consultancy Enclosures Services DC Services Equipment EquipmentIBMHPWiproHCLRelianceTCLTulipSifyCiscoEmersonSchneiderElectric Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 6
  • 7. Government Data Centers 1. State Data Centers 2. UID scheme (Bangalore) 3. Income Tax Department (Bangalore) 4. RBI (New Mumbai) 5. Passport Services (New Delhi) 6. Traffic Police Departments 7. Indian Railways’ Passenger Reservation System State Data Centers ……… ………......... and many more……. Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 7
  • 8. Case Scenarios for Fruitful Adoption Central Government provides a unified IaaS and/or PaaS solution with each state having customized state applications developed and run on it. SDC transform to a P2V2C Model: Multiple cloud centers integrated to satisfy data and compute needs of all states Resource sharing with PSUs to benefit them of access to better technology facilities and improve the scope for nationwide data integration Hosting of only sensitive applications at internal data centers and outsourcing of peripheral applications on a private player hosted model 8
  • 9. Government is the 3rd biggest buyer of Managed ServicesCaptive Managed Services Expected to contribute Q2 FY12 Revenues: INR 7069 Cr. 14% of the overall captive managed services market in FY12Third Party Managed Services With a share of 12.6%, Q2 FY12 Revenues: INR 601 Cr. various smaller Govt. projects are migrating towards a Hosted Model 9
  • 10. Initiatives in the right direction Government to provide subsidised cloud computing to SMEs to boost ICT adoption and eventually translate into financial growth of the segment J& K Government hosts servers at Madhya Pradesh SDC and issues birth, death certificates and trade licenses NTP policy aims at formulating policies on cloud services hereby diminishing the ambiguities which plagued it and acted as a chief restraint for the market To make best use of available virtualized resources, the Government of Kerala has initiated testing for cloud computing solutions 10
  • 11. Challenges acting as restraints to adoption ● Lack of IT centralization Govt. Departments’ IT working in Silos ● Lack of multi-tenancy on legacy systems ● Non-Interoperability of systems ● Security, auditing and logging ● Regulatory compliance Tax & Census Duties Records ● Data recovery UID ● Low IT maturity and high resistance to change Land/Revenue Law & Law ● Multiplicity of deployment agencies Records Enforcement Records ● Longer procurement cycle Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 11
  • 12. Data Centre Improvements by different Governments IT spend = USD 564 Bn. (2011) In Feb 2010, the Federal CIO issued data center consolidation guidance program. The guidance directed agencies to consider agency data center performance and utilization metrics, energy efficiency use data, physical facility, operational cost and asset information, best practices, open standards, and security. Also the Federal CIO mandates every department in every state needs to have atleast two state applications on the cloud. IT spend = USD 25 Bn. (2011) New ICT strategy to focus on data center consolidation and IT centralization with a cloud-based architecture. Plans to reduce the count of government owned data centers from 220 to 9-12 facilities. Cloud computing should account for half of central governments new ICT spending by the end of 2015. Source: State of Public Sector Cloud Computing- US Federal CIO Report, Frost & Sullivan analysis. 12
  • 13. Data Centre Improvements by different Governments IT spend = USD 5 Bn. (2011) Australian government spends around USD 850 million per annum on it’s 30,000 sq. meter data center facilties. To curtail this expenditure, Australian Government Data Centre Strategy 2010- 2025 has been proposed. Data centre requirements will be planned, procured and managed on a whole-of-government basis. Data centre facilities and services will be available via a whole-of-government panel. IT spend = USD 112 Bn. (2011) Cloud City being built at Hebei Province in partnership with IBM, is expected to achieve completion by 2015. The entire complex will cover some 6.2 million square feet, with the initial data center space accounting for approximately 6,46,000 square feet. One of the biggest adopters of cloud in the APAC region. Source: Australian Government Data Centre Strategy 2010-2025 – Dept. Of Finance & Deregulation Report, Frost & Sullivan analysis. 13
  • 14. Global Perspective – ICT Torque Index As per an evaluation of relative ICT spends, the top-ranking nations include Bangladesh, Ukraine, and Morocco, along with many other developing nations in Asia, North Africa, and Eastern Europe.Note: The images are used only for representation. Image Source: Google Images Source:, Frost & Sullivan analysis 14
  • 15. THANK YOUYour Strategic Partner in Success 15