Outline• Introduction• History• Discussion on International conferences on health promotion• Conclusion• Bibliography
Introduction• Health Promotion has been defined by the World Health Organization’s 2005 Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World as “the process of enabling people to increase control over their health and its determinants, and thereby improve their Health”.• Primary means is through developing healthy public policy that addresses the prerequisites of health Such As Food, Shelter, Income, Education, Peace, Stable Ecosystem, Sustainable resources and social justice and quality working conditions.
History• The “first and best known” definition of health promotion, declared by the American Journal of Health Promotion since 1986 is “the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health”• Since then and even before there have been plenty of definitions for health promotion • 1974 Lalonde Report form Canada • 1979 Healthy People report of Surgeon general of united states • 1984 WHO • 1986 Canadian minister of national health and welfare
International conferences on healthpromotion• First ICHP Ottawa, Canada 1986 Resulted in the “Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion”• Second ICHP Adelaide, Australia 1988 Resulted in the “Adelaide Recommendations on Healthy Public Policy”• Third ICHP Sundsvall, Sweden 1991 Resulted in the “Sundsvall Statement on Supportive Environments for Health”• Fourth ICHP Jakarta, Indonesia 1997 Resulted in the “Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century”• Fifth GCHP Mexico City, Mexico 2000 Resulted in the “Mexico Ministerial Statement for the promotion of health”• Sixth GCHP Bangkok, Thailand 2005 Resulted in the “Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World”
Alma Ata Declaration, 1978• On Primary Health Care: Essential health care that’s practical, scientifically sound and social acceptable methods and technology made UNIVERSALLY accessible and affordable to individuals and families in the community.• It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all the people of the world.
The Ottawa Charter for Health PromotionFirst International Conference on HealthPromotionOttawa, 17-21 November 1986 • They presented this CHARTER for action “to achieve Health for All by the year 2000 and beyond.” 1. Building healthy public policy. 2. Create supportive environment. 3. Strengthening community action. 4. Developing personal skills. 5. Re-orientating health care services toward prevention of illness and promotion of health.
Adelaide Recommendations on Healthy PublicPolicySecond International Conference on HealthPromotion, Adelaide, South Australia, 5-9 April1988 The Conference strongly recommends that the World Health Organization continue the dynamic development of health promotion through the five strategies described in the Ottawa Charter. It urges the World Health Organization to expand this initiative throughout all its regions as an integrated part of its work. Support for developing countries is at the heart of this process. Healthy Public Policy
Sundsvall Statement on SupportiveEnvironments for HealthThird International Conference on HealthPromotion, Sundsvall, Sweden, 9-15 June1991 The Sundsvall Conference has again demonstrated that the issues of health, environment and human development cannot be separated. Development must imply improvement in the quality of life and health while preserving the sustainability of the environment. Only worldwide action based on global partnership will ensure the future of our planet Supportive environment for Health
Promotioninto the 21st CenturyThe Fourth International Conference onHealth Promotion: New Players for a NewEra - Leading Health Promotion into the21st Century, Jakarta, Indonesia, 21-25 July1997 The Jakarta Declaration included Five Priorities for Health Promotion in 21st Century 1. “Promote Social Responsibility for health” 2. “Increase investments for health development” 3. “Consolidate and expand partnerships for health” 4. “Increase community capacity and empower the individual” 5. “Secure an infrastructure for health promotion”
The participants endorsed the formation of a Global health promotion alliancePriorities for the alliance include:• Raising awareness of the changing determinants of health• Supporting the development of collaboration and networks for health development• Mobilizing resources for health promotion• Accumulating knowledge on best practice• Enabling shared learning• Promoting solidarity in action• Fostering transparency and public accountability in health promotion
Mexico Ministerial Statement for thePromotion ofHealth: From Ideas to ActionFifth Global Conference on HealthPromotion, Health Promotion: Bridging theEquity Gap, Mexico City, 5-9 June 2000 The attainment of the highest possible standard of health is a positive asset for the enjoyment of life and necessary for social and economic development and equity. 8 Statements and 6 Actions where signed by 88 Countries world wide.
The ‘Bangkok Charter for Health Promotionin a globalized world’It has been agreed to by participants at the6th Global Conference on Health Promotionheld in Thailand from 7-11 August, 2005 1. Make the promotion of health central to the global development agenda. 2. Make the promotion of health a core responsibility for all of government. 3. Make the promotion of health a key focus of communities and civil society. 4. Make the promotion of health a requirement for good corporate practice.
CONCLUSION• The concept of health promotion is positive, dynamic and empowering which makes it rhetorically useful and politically attractive.• By considering the recommended principles, subject areas, policy priorities and dilemmas it is hoped that future activities in the health promotion field can be planned, implemented and evaluated more successfully.• Further development work is clearly required and this will be an ongoing task of the WHO Regional Office for Europe.
Bibliography• Health Promotion World Health Organization20 Avenue Appia; Ch 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland• www.who.int/healthpromotion• Wikipedia