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Past tense   lesson 2
 

Past tense lesson 2

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    Past tense   lesson 2 Past tense lesson 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Simple Past Tense -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation
    • How do we form the simple past tense? English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular
    • Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs….. Which are regular and which are irregular?  walked  studied  taught  gave  became  cried  lived  did regular regular irregular irregular irregular regular regular irregular
    • Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed Simple form verbs: Past tense verbs: walk walked study studied cry cried live lived
    • Rules for adding –ed:  Add –ed to most verbs  Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled).  Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried, study= studied).  Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).
    • Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in –ed…….. Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense: become give drive forget became gave drove forgot
    • Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change…..you need to memorize these! teach taught bring brought leave left hear heard buy bought
    • Why do we use past tense verbs? TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!
    • PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS…… The –ed ending in English has three different sounds: t: walked, talked, jumped d: played, loved, answered id: invited, waited decided.... *With –id sounding words, there is another syllable!
    • How can you practice past tense verbs?  Phonemically (word sorts)  Bingo!  Modeling  Survey says……  Nancy Fetzer……… Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!!