Reported speech lesson 10

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Reported speech lesson 10

  1. 1. What is Reported Speech? • Reported Speech is a way how we report what someone has said by changing some of the words said, but retaining the same meaning.
  2. 2. Could you help me? What did Alan ask us? Alan asked us to help him. Reported Speech / Indirected Speech Directed Speech
  3. 3. Reported requests, offers…. When we report offers, promises, threats etc, we can use the structure: Reporting verb + to-infinitive
  4. 4. Can I help you? What did the woman say to us? She offered to help us. reporting verb to-infinitive
  5. 5. ***Notice*** The reporting verbs that we can use in this structure include: Offer, promise, agree, refuse etc.
  6. 6. I’ll work harder What did Jacky say? He promised to work harder.
  7. 7. Reported orders, requests…. When we report orders, requests, warnings, advice, invitations etc, we can use the structure: Reporting verb + object + to infinitive
  8. 8. Can you tell me how to read the word, John? What did the girl say? The girl asked John to tell her how to read the word. reporting verb + object + to-infinitive Notice : The change of pronouns
  9. 9. ***Notice*** The reporting verbs that we can use in this structure include: tell, ask, order, warn, remind, advise, invite etc.
  10. 10. Amy, I think you should do your homework. What did mother say to Amy? Mother advised Amy to do her homework.
  11. 11. Reporting negative orders, promises, advices….. In negative orders, promises, requests,etc, we use the structure: not + to-infinitive
  12. 12. Don’t eat too much sweet. What did the dentist ask Joe? The dentist asked Joe not to eat too much sweet. not + to-infinitive
  13. 13. Changes of pronouns • In reported speech, we usually need to change the pronouns (e.g. I, you, me, this, these, etc) and possessive adjectives (e.g. my, your, etc). • We usually change the pronouns from : 1st person (I, me) 3rd person (we, us) 2nd person (you, your) • However we do not need to change the 1st person pronoun I when the speaker is reporting his/her own words.
  14. 14. What did the woman say to the man? She asked him to be careful when he passes her the box. Please be careful when you pass me the box.
  15. 15. What did Joan promise? Joan promised to work out the programme in two minutes. I’ll work out the programme in two minutes.
  16. 16. I’ll sign the contract. What did the man agree? He agreed to sign the contract.
  17. 17. Let me teach you. What did Jackie say? Jacky offered to teach the children / them.
  18. 18. What did the doctor say? The doctor asked David to pass him the bandage. Please pass me the bandage, David.
  19. 19. What did the doctor advise Mr. Chan? The doctor advised Mr. Chan not to smoke again. Mr. Chan, you shouldn’t smoke again.
  20. 20. What did Susan say? She asked Tim to get her down. Tim, don’t shoot the balloons. She asked Tim not to shoot the balloons. She asked Tim to get her down and not to shoot the balloons. Please get me down, Tim
  21. 21. Don’t move. Don’t be afraid. What did the vet say? He asked the dog not to be afraid. He asked the dog not to move He asked the dog not to be afraid and move.
  22. 22. Relevant Website http://www.edunet.com/english /grammar/rep5.cfm

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