Population of the USA
Native Americans in the United States is the phrase
that describes indigenous peoples from North
America now encompassed by the continental
United States, including parts of Alaska and the
island state of Hawaii. They comprise a large
number of distinct tribes, states, and ethnic
groups, many of which survive as intact political
communities. Native Americans have also been
known as Indians, American Indians, Aboriginal
Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, Colored,First
Americans, Indigenous, Original Americans, Red
Indians, Redskins or Red Men.
Old and New World societies.
• European colonization of the Americas led to
centuries of conflict and adjustment between Old
and New World societies. Most of the written
historical record about Native Americans was
made by Europeans after initial contact. Native
Americans lived in hunter/farmer subsistence
societies with significantly different value systems
than those of the European colonists. The
differences in culture between the Native
Americans and Europeans, and the shifting
alliances among different nations of each
culture, led to great misunderstandings and long
lasting cultural conflicts.
After the colonies
• Estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today
constitutes the United States of America vary significantly,
ranging from 1 million to 18 million.
• After the colonies revolted against Great Britain and established
the United States of America, the ideology of Manifest destiny
(fate)became integral (essential part)to the American nationalist
movement. In the late 18th century, George Washington and
Henry Knox conceived of the idea of "civilizing" Native.
Americans in preparation of American citizenship Assimilation
(accept)(whether voluntary as with the Choctaw,or forced)
became a consistent policy through American administrations. In
the early decades of the 19th century, Native Americans of the
American Deep South were removed from their homelands to
accommodate American expansion. By the American Civil War,
many Native American nations had been relocated west of the
Major Native American
• Major Native American resistance took place in
the form of "Indian Wars," which were frequent
up until the 1890s. Native Americans today have
a unique relationship with the United States of
America because they can be found as members
of nations, tribes, or bands of Native Americans
who have sovereignty or independence from the
government of the United States. Their societies
and cultures still flourish amidst a larger
immigrated American populace of
African, Asian, Middle Eastern, and European
peoples. Native Americans who were not already
U.S. citizens were granted citizenship in 1924 by
the Congress of the United States.
Portrait of Native Americans from various bands, tribes, and nations from across "Indian country."
Native Americans today
In 1975 the Indian Self-Determination
and Education Assistance Act was
passed, marking the
culmination(process) of 15 years of
policy changes. Related to Indian
activism, the Civil Rights Movement
and community development aspects
of social programs of the 1960s, the
Act recognized the need of Native
Americans for self-determination.
It marked the US government's
turn away from the policy of
termination, the US government
encouraged American Indians'
efforts at self government and
determining their futures.
There are 562 federally recognized
tribal governments in the United
States. These tribes possess the right
to form their own government, to
enforce laws (both civil and
criminal), to tax, to establish
requirements for membership, to
license and regulate activities, to zone
and to exclude persons from tribal
Limitations on tribal powers of selfgovernment include the same
limitations applicable to states; for
example, neither tribes nor states have
the power to make war, engage in
foreign relations, or coin money (this
includes paper currency).
Many Native Americans and
advocates(a lawyer) of Native
American rights point out that the US
Federal government's claim to
recognize the "sovereignty" of Native
American peoples falls short, given
that the US still wishes to govern
Native American peoples and treat
them as subject to US law.
True respect for Native American
sovereignty, according to such
advocates, would require the United
States federal government to deal with
Native American peoples in the same
manner as any other sovereign nation,
handling matters related to relations
with Native Americans through the
Secretary of State, rather than the
Bureau(government department) of Indian Affairs.
Charles Eastman was one of the first Native Americans to become a Medical
Geronimo was a prominent Native American leader of the
Chiricahua Apache who defended his people against the
encroachment of the United States on their lands for over 25
American Indian or Alaska Native
• In 2006, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated
that about 1.0 percent of the U.S. population
was of American Indian or Alaska Native
descent. This population is unevenly
distributed across the country.Below, all 50
states, as well as the District of Columbia and
Puerto Rico, are listed by the proportion of
residents citing American Indian or Alaska
Native ancestry, based on 2006 estimates:
Mississippi - 0.4%
Missouri - 0.4%
Rhode Island - 0.4%
Vermont - 0.4%
Florida - 0.3%
Delaware - 0.3%
Hawaii - 0.3%
Iowa - 0.3%
New York - 0.3%
South Carolina - 0.3%
Tennessee - 0.3%
Georgia - 0.2%
Virginia - 0.2%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
In 2006, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that about less than 1.0
percent of the U.S. population was of Native Hawaiian or Pacific
Islander descent. This population is unevenly distributed across 26
states.Below, are the 26 states that had at least 0.1%. They are listed
by the proportion of residents citing Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
ancestry, based on 2006 estimates:
• Hawaii - 8.7
• Utah - 0.7
• Alaska - 0.6
• California - 0.4
• Nevada - 0.4
• Washington - 0.4
• Arizona - 0.2
• Oregon - 0.2
• Alabama - 0.1
Graphic shows USA's population growth
• How did this young country get so big so quickly?
Immigration, longevity, a relatively high birth rate and
economic stability all have propelled the phenomenal
growth. The nation has added 100 million people since
1967 to become the world's third-most populous
country after China and India. It's growing faster than
any other industrialized nation.
• The biggest driver of growth is immigration — legal and
illegal. About 53% of the 100 million extra Americans
are recent immigrants or their descendants, according
to Jeffrey Passel, demographer at the Pew Hispanic
Center. Without them, the USA would have about 250
million people today.
Reason of immigration
• The newcomers have transformed an
overwhelmingly white population of largely
European descent into a multicultural society
that reflects every continent on the globe.
Some arrived as war refugees. Most came in
search of better opportunities in a country
that has strong civil rights and a stable
economy. Once here, they had babies, which
helped the nation maintain a birthrate that is
higher than that of Europe and Japan.
• The USA is alone among industrialized nations
in its relatively rapid population increase. The
populations in Japan and Russia are expected
to shrink almost one-fourth by 2050.
Germany, Italy and most European nations are
not making enough babies to keep their
populations from sliding.
• When the U.S. population was at 200 million
in 1967, women had an average of three
children and the government expected the
population to hit 300 million as early as 1990.
By the 1980s, the birthrate had tumbled and
government estimates projected that the
country wouldn't get there until the 2020s.
The flow of immigrants turned those
projections on their heads.
Why would a country want more babies?
For industrialized nations, numbers mean
economic and cultural power. To remain
globally competitive, countries need workers.
In addition to injecting innovation in the
workplace, the young help meet the needs of
the elderly through the taxes they pay,
• The nation is getting older as the oldest
boomers turn 60 this year. People also are
living longer. Since 1970, life expectancy at
birth jumped about seven years to a record
77.9 years. The share of the population age 65
or older grew from 9.9% to 12.4%. The median
age is up from 28.1 to 36.2 years.