Presentation For:
Transforming Neighborhoods - Tokyo / Berlin
@Institute for Information Design Japan
by
Chris Berthelsen ...
People play with things and find new uses for them (Lynch, 1984:157);
Messy and spontaneous,
individually created, everyda...
Sketching
for Usable
Cities
Intrinsic
motivation
Neighbourhood
Creative Climate
FIXING the Neighbourhood:
Investigations in Suburban Tokyo
Chris Berthelsen
a-small-lab.com
FIXING the Neighbourhood:
Investigations in Suburban Tokyo
Chris Berthelsen (chris@a-small-lab.com)
a-small-lab.com
3 smal...
MAIN LINKS
Website: http://a-small-lab.com
Fixes Project: http://a-small-lab.com/fixes/ (resource) and http://a-small-lab....
Main Theme
> Intrinsic Motivation can trump external forces (design,
planning, good intentions, etc etc).
> A plan/strateg...
Structure of this presentation 001:
> Trigger/Context quotes & notes on control, the radical monopoly of space, and
the ho...
Structure of this presentation 002:
> Imagining/Constructing/Discussing/Debating the non-intentional landscape of
Tokyo – ...
→ The abstract, faceless conquest
of Space by Man (capitalized) → the
limitation of place for men (in small letters) (Ellu...
The message is clear: “You cannot
do as you please; your actions do
not make any difference."
The Radical Monopoly of Space:
a major tool rules out natural
competence, imposing compulsory
consumption and thereby rest...
people give up their native ability
to do what they can do for
themselves and for each other, in
exchange for something “b...
Verbs become nouns.
We no longer ‘garden’ or ‘play’ or
‘cycle’ – the city of the fully
industrialized man ‘has’ (calls his...
The components for self-building of the city can be
easily and cheaply made available. People
could build, adapt, create a...
Consumer protection, ‘better spaces’ and planning are insufficient. When
consumers gain more confidence in a ‘product’
(th...
The most powerful way of improving our environment then is to put
the control of it into the hands of its immediate users ...
人々は考
えてい
る。> Examples of the fine grained ways that regular
citizens solve problems and mold their environments
(from FIXE...
バス停のベンチの設置。
Public Seating
危険防止。
Safety.
アクセス。
Access.
自宅のアクセスが不便になった人は
When access becomes difficult
対応する。
Fix it.
スペースも土もなければ、自分の手で作る。
In a city with scarce space and dirt, make it yourself....
幅が10センチしかない場所でも。
Even on a 10cm wide curb....
歩道でも。
Or on the sidewalk.
高い建物の中でも。
Or in a highrise.
狭いレンガ壁の上でも。
Or on a precarious brick wall.
線路沿いでも。
Or along the railroad tracks.
花が好きな人は
Flower lovers share their passion...
渋谷のマスカット・オタクは
Grape-obsessed Shibuya-ites.....
スペースも土もなければ、自分の手で作る
(そして美味しいもの(バジル)もできる)。
Basil
街角のDEAD SPACEだと思ったら、
What appears to be dead space...
唐辛子が育っていた。
Is home to fresh red peppers.
亡くなった夫の大切にしていた近所の公園の小さな花園を維持し続ける。
Maintaing a dead spouse's neighbourhood park garden...
ゴミだらけのDEAD SPACEだと思ったら、
What appears to be run-down dead space
緑豊かなリビング・フェンスが空き地を隠してくれた。
Becomes a lush living fence that beautifies the vacant lots
そしてきれいな花が訪ねてきた。
An plays host to lovely flora....
近所のイタズラ
The work of neighbourhood misfits
実はトマト畑。
Is actually a tomato garden.
隣へよく行く人は、
People who often visit the neighbours
その必要に応じる。
Create their own access-ways.
ゴミ箱がなければ、設置する。
Placing rubbish bins where they are needed.
動物立ち入り禁止!
Animals KEEP OUT!
With intricate, flexible and affordable construction.
路上喫煙禁止地区ではない道ではマナを守る。
Even pedestrian smokers find a way to keep the street (if not the air) clean.
帰り道が暗いアパートには街路灯。
Dark apartment complexes call for home-made street lights.
道が分かりにくい街には・・・
And when you're sick of people asking you how to find the station, you stick up
some signs.
自転車置き場の不便にレンガ。
Bricks are a key element in bicycle parking.
フォックスフェイスの季節
Foxface decorates an inner city garden
ではなくても構いません。
Even when it's out of season (fruit are tied on with plastic ties)
ジャズクラブのない郊外には・・・・・
In the suburbs, where Jazz clubs are scarce, you need to make your own..
ゴルフ好き郊外の老人は・・・・・
And golf lovers construct a 'fold away' 9-hole course in the local park.
ad
infinitum
Sketching
for Usable
Citiesつ
Sketching
for Usable
Cities
Quick, timely,
inexpensive,
disposable, plentiful,
distinct, minimal,
ambiguous, beta,
open, h...
Sketching
for Usable
Cities
Agile
機動的
Quick, timely,
inexpensive,
disposable, plentiful,
distinct, minimal,
ambiguous, bet...
Sketching
for Usable
Cities
Agile
Robust
丈夫
Quick, timely,
inexpensive,
disposable, plentiful,
distinct, minimal,
ambiguou...
Sketching
for Usable
Cities
Agile
Robust
Flexibility,
adaptability to local
& personal needs
and opportunities
(Turner & R...
Sketching
for Usable
Cities
Agile
Robust
Fine Grained
Flexibility,
adaptability to local
& personal needs
and opportunitie...
Granularity(グラニュラリティ)(e.g Turner & Roberts, 1975)
Developers, Govt = Coarse grained cities
(企業や政府が「作る」のは粗粒子)
= tension, fr...
Granularity(グラニュラリティ)(e.g Turner & Roberts, 1975)
Developers, Govt = Coarse grained cities
(企業や政府が「作る」のは粗粒子)
= tension, fr...
=good for
people
Based on informal chats, discussions, interviews, our own experience, and research into Tokyo’s informal landscapes (espec...
Scattered use,
Scattered
Uchi=involvement, care, peace of mind over scale
Dwelling・住宅 City・都市
> Notes on location: Scattered Use, Scattered Uchi – how the one person's 'Uchi' can
be dispersed throughout the city. Imp...
Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい
Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
Surrounds・家の近く
Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい
Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
Frontage・正面
Footpath・歩道
Opposite
Footpath・反対歩道
Surrounds・家の近く
Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい
Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
Home
Frontage
Footpath
Opposite
Footpath
Dwelling
Surrounds
Neighbourhood・近所
Frontage・正面
Footpath・歩道
Opposite
Footpath・反対歩...
Home
Frontage
Footpath
Opposite
Footpath
Nearby
Larger Roads
・近くの道路
Close Small
Parks・近くの公園
Uncle's
House
・おじさんの家
Own Shop...
Home
Frontage
Footpath
Opposite
Footpath
Nearby
Larger Roads
Close Small
Parks
Uncle's
House Own Shop
& Surrounds
Parking
...
Home
Frontage
Footpath
Opposite
Footpath
Nearby
Larger Roads
Close Small
Parks
Uncle's
House Own Shop
& Surrounds
Parking
...
Home
Frontage
Footpath
Opposite
Footpath
Nearby
Larger Roads
Close Small
Parks
Uncle's
House Own Shop
& Surrounds
Parking
...
Home
Frontage
Footpath
Opposite
Footpath
Nearby
Larger Roads
Close Small
Parks
Uncle's
House Own Shop
& Surrounds
Parking
...
Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
Themes
> TRANSFORMING the big-size city into the small-scale city where people feel
encouraged and able, and intrinsically...
> Imagining/Constructing/Discussing/Debating the non-intentional landscape of Tokyo –
Interactive workshop at 3331 Arts Ch...
東京 DIY ガーデンイング ワークショップ(3331 Arts Chiyoda)
東京 DIY ガーデンイング ワークショップ(3331 Arts Chiyoda)
Implications for the Eldery/Aging Societies....for those
that will be 'old' in 10,20,30 years.......
> A resource, a sourc...
Neighbourhood
Creative
Climate
creative product
創造的アウトプット
creative product
As fine-grained
component of
happiness.
創造的アウトプット
creative product
Process(プロセス)
As fine-grained
component of
happiness.
創造的アウトプット
creative product
Process(プロセス)
Person(人格)
As fine-grained
component of
happiness.
創造的アウトプット
creative product
Process(プロセス)
Person(人格)
Press (Environment)(環境・風土)
As fine-grained
component of
happiness.
創造的アウトプット
creative product
Components of Creativity
As fine-grained
component of
happiness.
Process(プロセス)
Person(人格)
Press (Environm...
creative product
Components of Creativity
Knowledge &
Skills
問題領域の知識
As fine-grained
component of
happiness.
Process(プロセス)...
creative product
Components of Creativity
Knowledge &
Skills
問題領域の知識
Creativity
Specific Skills
創造スキルなど
As fine-grained
co...
creative product
Components of Creativity
Knowledge &
Skills
問題領域の知識
Creativity
Specific Skills
創造スキルなど
Intrinsic
Motivati...
creative product
Components of Creativity
Knowledge &
Skills
問題領域の知識
Creativity
Specific Skills
創造スキルなど
Intrinsic
Motivati...
creative product
Components of Creativity
Knowledge &
Skills
問題領域の知識
Creativity
Specific Skills
創造スキルなど
Intrinsic
Motivati...
Creative Climate(創造的環境・風土)(see e.g. Ekvall, Amabile, Isaksen)
Freedom
どれだけ自由に意
思決定できるか。
Trust/
Openness
信頼感の高さ。
Time
どれだけア...
> An experiment in 'trying to do something' in the neighbourhood – the Kokonohanashi
「ここの話」 project overview. Aims: (1) in...
Image: Tokyo (Google Maps)
The kokonohanashi (「ここの話」 lit. 'talking about here') project works locally with a combinat
-ion of analogue (notebooks, pe...
WebPublishingPlatform
External
interaction with
log through
commenting
Open discussion
Log
(stripped down
wordpress)
Front...
※ How can we construct low-cost, agile, fine-grained (and also scalable) ways -
(1) for people to begin to discuss and int...
The kokonohanashi (「ここの話」 lit. 'talking about here') project works locally
- in the community where we live. With places t...
analogue (notebooks, pens, laminated A4 posters, wire, legwork)
- materials on location.
> Laminated A4 posters fastened w...
Example poster (Top Half, Trigger Statement)
Trigger Question
or Statement
Example poster (Bottom Half)
Logo
QR Code
Place name
General contact details
Heading: “What do
you think about
this place?...
digital (QR codes, stripped down Wordpress, email, smart/not-so-smart-phones)
- real(ish) time commenting/contribution/acc...
Online component running stripped down Wordpress
Access site via QR code (or direct URL) Retrieve message
Connect Comment
1 2
3 4
Thank You!
5
First stage test
locations
A run-down park in front of a factory
“This park is known around here as 'one-p
ark' because it only has one slide”
「この公園は...
A friendly neighbourhood park which has been declared a 'night no-go zone'.
“Why can't we use this park at night anymore?”...
A park under a motorway.
“From the outside, parks und
er motorways look like pretty
sad places – but what's the
reality? ”...
An abandoned car in an apartment complex car park
“This car has been here for three years....what do you
think?”
「この廃車は3年以...
A deserted house on a school route
“This house has been deserted for the la
st three years. Want to make it somethi
ng a b...
Main Theme
> Intrinsic Motivation can trump external forces (design, planning, good
intentions, etc etc).
> A plan/strateg...
> Comments, anger, etc – work with participants to flesh out Neighbourhood Creative
Climate framework from a Japanese pers...
Contact:
Chris Berthelsen (chris@a-small-lab.com)
> twitter.com/a_small_lab
> a-small-lab.com
With questions, comments, id...
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)
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FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)

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Usable Cities; City Creative Climate; Sketching for Cities

People play with things and find new uses for them.
Messy and spontaneous, individually created, everyday expressions of the creativity of everyday people in all of its facets. A response to the environment, a reflection of society, culture, and
traditions. Change reconciles with the idea
of improvement, and people feel
joy, as opposed to mere pleasure.

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FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo (Sketching for Usable Cities)

  1. 1. Presentation For: Transforming Neighborhoods - Tokyo / Berlin @Institute for Information Design Japan by Chris Berthelsen (a-small-lab) chris@a-small-lab.com
  2. 2. People play with things and find new uses for them (Lynch, 1984:157); Messy and spontaneous, individually created, everyday expressions of the creativity of everyday people in all of its facets. A response to the environment, a reflection of society, culture, and traditions (Jonas, 2007). Change reconciles with the idea of improvement (Koolhaus, 2002) and people feel joy, as opposed to mere pleasure (Illich, 1973:17).
  3. 3. Sketching for Usable Cities Intrinsic motivation Neighbourhood Creative Climate
  4. 4. FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo Chris Berthelsen a-small-lab.com
  5. 5. FIXING the Neighbourhood: Investigations in Suburban Tokyo Chris Berthelsen (chris@a-small-lab.com) a-small-lab.com 3 small projects a-small-lab.com/fixes/ (東京の小さな繕い) tokyo-diy-gardening.org(てづくりの緑たち) a-small-lab.com/projects/kokonohanashi/(ここの話)
  6. 6. MAIN LINKS Website: http://a-small-lab.com Fixes Project: http://a-small-lab.com/fixes/ (resource) and http://a-small-lab.com/projects/fixes/ (project overview) Flickr Sets: http://www.flickr.com/photos/a-small-lab/collections/72157623668988392/ Tokyo-DIY-Gardening: http://tokyo-diy-gardening.org Tokyo-DIY-Gardening City Mapping Workshop MAP: http://tokyo-diy-gardening.org/tokyo-diy-gardening-workshop-map/ Tokyo-DIY-Gardening: Personal Impact of Urban Green Space MODEL: http://tokyo-diy-gardening.org/personal-impact-of-urban-green-space/ Tokyo-DIY-Gardening City Mapping Workshop WRITE UP: http://greenz.jp/en/2010/11/01/tokyo-diy-gardening-interactive-map-ready-for-exploring/ Tokyo-DIY-Gardening City Mapping Workshop WRITE UP: http://www.3331.jp/news/en/201008/000564.html Kokonohanashi Project: http://a-small-lab.com/projects/kokonohanashi/ Kokonohanashi WRITE UP: http://tokyogreenspace.com/2010/11/04/%e3%81%93%e3%81%93%e3%81%ae%e8%a9%b1-koko-no-hanashi-talking-about-here/ For references to literature, concepts etc in – just ask!
  7. 7. Main Theme > Intrinsic Motivation can trump external forces (design, planning, good intentions, etc etc). > A plan/strategy for increasing + sustaining intrinsic motivation should be central to any proposed project or solution for cities and citizens (and in the context of this workshop, the elderly). > A modified creative climate framework (from social psychology research in business/research organizations) provides a promising starting point.
  8. 8. Structure of this presentation 001: > Trigger/Context quotes & notes on control, the radical monopoly of space, and the hope that can be held for citizen power. > Examples of the fine grained ways that regular citizens solve problems and mold their environments (from FIXES and Tokyo-DIY-Gardening projects). > Sketching for Usable Cities overview (Agile, Robust, Fine Grained) > Personal benefits of sketching (or DIY, non-intentional design whatever you want to call it). > Notes on location: Scattered Use, Scattered Uchi – how the one person's 'Uchi' can be dispersed throughout the city. Implications for the 'non-intentional landscape'. The (non-linear) development/growth of the city as an aggregate of fine grained, non-connected individual actions. > Round up of first half of presentation.
  9. 9. Structure of this presentation 002: > Imagining/Constructing/Discussing/Debating the non-intentional landscape of Tokyo – Interactive workshop at 3331 Arts Chiyoda example. > Brief implications/directions - Q&A > Introducing 'Neighbourhood Creative Climate' framework (Creativity, Components of Creativity, etc). > An experiment in 'trying to do something' in the neighbourhood – the Kokonohanashi 「ここの話」 project overview. Aims: (1) investigate systems for citizen discussion about place. (2) investigate creative climate perceptions (researcher-as-subject.) > Roundup. > Comments, anger, etc – work with participants to flesh out Neighbourhood Creative Climate framework from a Japanese perspective.
  10. 10. → The abstract, faceless conquest of Space by Man (capitalized) → the limitation of place for men (in small letters) (Ellul, 1964:328). Our city illness has a basic motive (Lynch, 1984:364), a common denominator; A single mechanism by which it most disturbs urbanites. This is the loss of control.
  11. 11. The message is clear: “You cannot do as you please; your actions do not make any difference."
  12. 12. The Radical Monopoly of Space: a major tool rules out natural competence, imposing compulsory consumption and thereby restricting personal autonomy. It constitutes a special kind of social control because it is enforced by means of the imposed consumption of a standard product that only large institutions can provide (Illich, 1973:35).
  13. 13. people give up their native ability to do what they can do for themselves and for each other, in exchange for something “better” that can be done for them only by a major tool (Illich, 1973:36)
  14. 14. Verbs become nouns. We no longer ‘garden’ or ‘play’ or ‘cycle’ – the city of the fully industrialized man ‘has’ (calls his own) gardens and playgrounds and cycling tracks which are made for him. Now, space is stated in terms of a commodity and claims are made in terms of competition for scarce resources (see e.g Illich, 1973:56). The actor has become the consumer, who gambles for perceived nouns.
  15. 15. The components for self-building of the city can be easily and cheaply made available. People could build, adapt, create and modify, while at the same time learning about materials, systems and relationships. But instead, government and commercialities deposit roads, apartment blocks, parks, green spaces, roof gardens, barbeque zones, and other built environmental components into the city - the professionally built is defined as the functional unit, and the self- built is stamped as a shanty (Illich, 1973:41).
  16. 16. Consumer protection, ‘better spaces’ and planning are insufficient. When consumers gain more confidence in a ‘product’ (those lovely, safe and green) the victory only increases society’s dependence at the cost and frustration of those who cannot or would prefer not to partake (Illich, 1973:37). While the organized self- protection of the addict-consumer immediately raises the quality of the dope and the power of the peddler, it may lead ultimately to limits (Illich, 1973:37). Discerning consumers (citizens? →modifiers/gardeners?→city creators/curators?) may discover that they can do better by doing things for themselves.
  17. 17. The most powerful way of improving our environment then is to put the control of it into the hands of its immediate users who have the stake and knowledge to make it function well (Lynch, 1984:165). The last great force in the city is the residents themselves (Orum and Chen:18); their creative response to change is their ultimate guarantee of survival (Lynch, 1984:172).
  18. 18. 人々は考 えてい る。> Examples of the fine grained ways that regular citizens solve problems and mold their environments (from FIXES and Tokyo-DIY-Gardening projects).
  19. 19. バス停のベンチの設置。 Public Seating
  20. 20. 危険防止。 Safety.
  21. 21. アクセス。 Access.
  22. 22. 自宅のアクセスが不便になった人は When access becomes difficult
  23. 23. 対応する。 Fix it.
  24. 24. スペースも土もなければ、自分の手で作る。 In a city with scarce space and dirt, make it yourself....
  25. 25. 幅が10センチしかない場所でも。 Even on a 10cm wide curb....
  26. 26. 歩道でも。 Or on the sidewalk.
  27. 27. 高い建物の中でも。 Or in a highrise.
  28. 28. 狭いレンガ壁の上でも。 Or on a precarious brick wall.
  29. 29. 線路沿いでも。 Or along the railroad tracks.
  30. 30. 花が好きな人は Flower lovers share their passion...
  31. 31. 渋谷のマスカット・オタクは Grape-obsessed Shibuya-ites.....
  32. 32. スペースも土もなければ、自分の手で作る (そして美味しいもの(バジル)もできる)。 Basil
  33. 33. 街角のDEAD SPACEだと思ったら、 What appears to be dead space...
  34. 34. 唐辛子が育っていた。 Is home to fresh red peppers.
  35. 35. 亡くなった夫の大切にしていた近所の公園の小さな花園を維持し続ける。 Maintaing a dead spouse's neighbourhood park garden...
  36. 36. ゴミだらけのDEAD SPACEだと思ったら、 What appears to be run-down dead space
  37. 37. 緑豊かなリビング・フェンスが空き地を隠してくれた。 Becomes a lush living fence that beautifies the vacant lots
  38. 38. そしてきれいな花が訪ねてきた。 An plays host to lovely flora....
  39. 39. 近所のイタズラ The work of neighbourhood misfits
  40. 40. 実はトマト畑。 Is actually a tomato garden.
  41. 41. 隣へよく行く人は、 People who often visit the neighbours
  42. 42. その必要に応じる。 Create their own access-ways.
  43. 43. ゴミ箱がなければ、設置する。 Placing rubbish bins where they are needed.
  44. 44. 動物立ち入り禁止! Animals KEEP OUT!
  45. 45. With intricate, flexible and affordable construction.
  46. 46. 路上喫煙禁止地区ではない道ではマナを守る。 Even pedestrian smokers find a way to keep the street (if not the air) clean.
  47. 47. 帰り道が暗いアパートには街路灯。 Dark apartment complexes call for home-made street lights.
  48. 48. 道が分かりにくい街には・・・ And when you're sick of people asking you how to find the station, you stick up some signs.
  49. 49. 自転車置き場の不便にレンガ。 Bricks are a key element in bicycle parking.
  50. 50. フォックスフェイスの季節 Foxface decorates an inner city garden
  51. 51. ではなくても構いません。 Even when it's out of season (fruit are tied on with plastic ties)
  52. 52. ジャズクラブのない郊外には・・・・・ In the suburbs, where Jazz clubs are scarce, you need to make your own..
  53. 53. ゴルフ好き郊外の老人は・・・・・ And golf lovers construct a 'fold away' 9-hole course in the local park.
  54. 54. ad infinitum
  55. 55. Sketching for Usable Citiesつ
  56. 56. Sketching for Usable Cities Quick, timely, inexpensive, disposable, plentiful, distinct, minimal, ambiguous, beta, open, hopeful, seeking
  57. 57. Sketching for Usable Cities Agile 機動的 Quick, timely, inexpensive, disposable, plentiful, distinct, minimal, ambiguous, beta, open, hopeful, seeking
  58. 58. Sketching for Usable Cities Agile Robust 丈夫 Quick, timely, inexpensive, disposable, plentiful, distinct, minimal, ambiguous, beta, open, hopeful, seeking Agile 機動的
  59. 59. Sketching for Usable Cities Agile Robust Flexibility, adaptability to local & personal needs and opportunities (Turner & Roberts, 1975) Quick, timely, inexpensive, disposable, plentiful, distinct, minimal, ambiguous, beta, open, hopeful, seeking Agile 機動的 Robust 丈夫
  60. 60. Sketching for Usable Cities Agile Robust Fine Grained Flexibility, adaptability to local & personal needs and opportunities (Turner & Roberts, 1975) Quick, timely, inexpensive, disposable, plentiful, distinct, minimal, ambiguous, beta, open, hopeful, seeking Agile 機動的 Robust 丈夫
  61. 61. Granularity(グラニュラリティ)(e.g Turner & Roberts, 1975) Developers, Govt = Coarse grained cities (企業や政府が「作る」のは粗粒子) = tension, friction, mismatch, waste =ストレス、不安、摩擦、不一致、無駄 = the first to suffer are the weak =弱いものはすぐ苦しくなる
  62. 62. Granularity(グラニュラリティ)(e.g Turner & Roberts, 1975) Developers, Govt = Coarse grained cities (企業や政府が「作る」のは粗粒子) = tension, friction, mismatch, waste =ストレス、不安、摩擦、不一致、無駄 = the first to suffer are the weak =弱いものはすぐ苦しくなる Local action, entrepreneurship etc = fine grain (個人や近所レベル行動=細粒) = better matched needs =一致。ニーズに合った行動 = security =安全、安心 = efficient and effective =効率的かつ効果的
  63. 63. =good for people
  64. 64. Based on informal chats, discussions, interviews, our own experience, and research into Tokyo’s informal landscapes (especially the great work of Mariluise Jonas) Long time Functional Emotional Immediate Social Norms Aesthetics Memory Community Mutual dependence Pleasure Indpendence Affordable Practical 長期 実用 感情 即時 社会規範 美 記憶 地域社会 相互依存 喜び 独立 (家計的に) 無理なくでき ること 実質 伝統 Personal Effects/個人的影響
  65. 65. Scattered use, Scattered Uchi=involvement, care, peace of mind over scale Dwelling・住宅 City・都市
  66. 66. > Notes on location: Scattered Use, Scattered Uchi – how the one person's 'Uchi' can be dispersed throughout the city. Implications for the 'non-intentional landscape'. The (non-linear) development/growth of the city as an aggregate of fine grained, non- connected individual actions.
  67. 67. Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  68. 68. Surrounds・家の近く Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  69. 69. Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Surrounds・家の近く Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  70. 70. Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood・近所 Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Surrounds・家の近く Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  71. 71. Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads ・近くの道路 Close Small Parks・近くの公園 Uncle's House ・おじさんの家 Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space ・駐車所 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood・近所 Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Surrounds・家の近く Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  72. 72. Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb・町・街 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads ・近くの道路 Close Small Parks・近くの公園 Uncle's House ・おじさんの家 Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space ・駐車所 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood・近所 Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Surrounds・家の近く Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  73. 73. Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Nearby Large Park ・もっと大きい公園 Workplace・職場 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb・町・街 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads ・近くの道路 Close Small Parks・近くの公園 Uncle's House ・おじさんの家 Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space ・駐車所 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Dwelling Surrounds・家の近く Neighbourhood・近所 Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  74. 74. Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Nearby Large Park Workplace Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb City・都市 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Nearby Large Park ・もっと大きい公園 Workplace・職場 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb・町・街 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads ・近くの道路 Close Small Parks・近くの公園 Uncle's House ・おじさんの家 Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space ・駐車所 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Dwelling Surrounds・家の近く Neighbourhood・近所 Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  75. 75. Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Deceased Grandparents' House & Shop ・亡くなった親戚 の家や店 Nearby Large Park Workplace Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb City Workplace・職場 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Nearby Large Park Workplace Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb City・都市 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Nearby Large Park ・もっと大きい公園 Workplace・職場 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads Close Small Parks Uncle's House Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Suburb・町・街 Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Nearby Larger Roads ・近くの道路 Close Small Parks・近くの公園 Uncle's House ・おじさんの家 Own Shop & Surrounds Parking Space ・駐車所 Dwelling Surrounds Neighbourhood Home Frontage Footpath Opposite Footpath Dwelling Surrounds・家の近く Neighbourhood・近所 Frontage・正面 Footpath・歩道 Opposite Footpath・反対歩道 Home・自宅 Dwelling・住まい Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  76. 76. Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  77. 77. Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  78. 78. Scattered Uchi(散在性の「内」)
  79. 79. Themes > TRANSFORMING the big-size city into the small-scale city where people feel encouraged and able, and intrinsically rewarded for assuming control over their environment (Krupat, 1985:207; discussed in relation to Tokyo in Jonas, 2007). > Neither the passive observer of determined systems (consumer) nor a determined manipulator of passive material (planner, developer, businessman), but rather, the manager (cultivator) of an unfolding process occurring in (scattered) personal locations (uchi) (based on Reiser and Umemoto, 2006:104) > Could many minor changes across the city add up to major transformations in our environment?(Sub Plan, 2009) (This is Tokyo....non-intentional design, non-intentional landscaping, Tokyo's non-intentional landscape).
  80. 80. > Imagining/Constructing/Discussing/Debating the non-intentional landscape of Tokyo – Interactive workshop at 3331 Arts Chiyoda example. Tokyo-DIY-Gardening City Mapping Workshop MAP: http://tokyo-diy-gardening.org/tokyo-diy-gardening-workshop-map/ Tokyo-DIY-Gardening City Mapping Workshop WRITE UP: http://greenz.jp/en/2010/11/01/tokyo-diy-gardening-interactive-map-ready-for-exploring/ Tokyo-DIY-Gardening City Mapping Workshop WRITE UP: http://www.3331.jp/news/en/201008/000564.html
  81. 81. 東京 DIY ガーデンイング ワークショップ(3331 Arts Chiyoda)
  82. 82. 東京 DIY ガーデンイング ワークショップ(3331 Arts Chiyoda)
  83. 83. Implications for the Eldery/Aging Societies....for those that will be 'old' in 10,20,30 years....... > A resource, a sourcebook > Preserving 繕い spirit > A history > Patterns? > Implications for how cities/neighbourhoods are run..or not run. Etc etc etc
  84. 84. Neighbourhood Creative Climate
  85. 85. creative product 創造的アウトプット
  86. 86. creative product As fine-grained component of happiness. 創造的アウトプット
  87. 87. creative product Process(プロセス) As fine-grained component of happiness. 創造的アウトプット
  88. 88. creative product Process(プロセス) Person(人格) As fine-grained component of happiness. 創造的アウトプット
  89. 89. creative product Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) As fine-grained component of happiness. 創造的アウトプット
  90. 90. creative product Components of Creativity As fine-grained component of happiness. Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) 創造的アウトプット
  91. 91. creative product Components of Creativity Knowledge & Skills 問題領域の知識 As fine-grained component of happiness. Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) 創造的アウトプット
  92. 92. creative product Components of Creativity Knowledge & Skills 問題領域の知識 Creativity Specific Skills 創造スキルなど As fine-grained component of happiness. Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) 創造的アウトプット
  93. 93. creative product Components of Creativity Knowledge & Skills 問題領域の知識 Creativity Specific Skills 創造スキルなど Intrinsic Motivation 内因性動機付け As fine-grained component of happiness. Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) 創造的アウトプット
  94. 94. creative product Components of Creativity Knowledge & Skills 問題領域の知識 Creativity Specific Skills 創造スキルなど Intrinsic Motivation 内因性動機付け As fine-grained component of happiness. Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) 創造的アウトプット
  95. 95. creative product Components of Creativity Knowledge & Skills 問題領域の知識 Creativity Specific Skills 創造スキルなど Intrinsic Motivation 内因性動機付け As fine-grained component of happiness. Process(プロセス) Person(人格) Press (Environment)(環境・風土) 創造的アウトプット
  96. 96. Creative Climate(創造的環境・風土)(see e.g. Ekvall, Amabile, Isaksen) Freedom どれだけ自由に意 思決定できるか。 Trust/ Openness 信頼感の高さ。 Time どれだけアイデア を練る・実現させ る時間があるか。 Playfulness /Humor どれだけリラックスした 雰囲気か。 Conflict ネガティブな感情をと もなう非建設的な関係 がどれだけ存在する か。 Idea Support 新しいアイデアを出す ことがどれだけ奨励さ れるか。 Debate どれだけ建設的な意 見交換が行われてい るか。 Risk Tolerance リスクを犯すことにど れだけ耐えられるか。 失敗は学習の機会と 見なされる。 ?
  97. 97. > An experiment in 'trying to do something' in the neighbourhood – the Kokonohanashi 「ここの話」 project overview. Aims: (1) investigate systems for citizen discussion about place. (2) investigate creative climate perceptions (researcher-as-subject.)
  98. 98. Image: Tokyo (Google Maps)
  99. 99. The kokonohanashi (「ここの話」 lit. 'talking about here') project works locally with a combinat -ion of analogue (notebooks, pens, laminated A4 posters, wire, legwork) and open low-tech digital tools (QR codes, stripped down Wordpress, email, smart-and-not-so-smart-phones) to investigate the development of a platform for discussion about, and positive action in, city space by the people who most matter - those who experience and use the place in their everyday lives. Image: France Bed Factory, Akishima (Google Maps) Rough Schematic
  100. 100. WebPublishingPlatform External interaction with log through commenting Open discussion Log (stripped down wordpress) Front End Output (presentations , reports, workshops, games, etc) QR codes, URL direct link, 'real' writing in notebooks attached to posters Collati on, Categ orizati on etc... Deeper discussion, Interviews, Communication, Workshops Analysis, discussio n etc... External Interaction Interaction with city and relevant stakeholders Unregistered participants access + join in location specific discussion through posters at locations around the city
  101. 101. ※ How can we construct low-cost, agile, fine-grained (and also scalable) ways - (1) for people to begin to discuss and interact with the spaces they use, and the other people that use them? (2) to record, share, the living histories of places (memories, experiences, feelings)? First Stage: Five locations in suburban Tokyo What are: > Official reactions (positive/negative/non-existent, direct/indirect etc) > User reactions/participation (content, patterns, time, feeling etc) > Channels of participation (hierarchy, patterns, content etc) > Materials/Tools (how robust, appropriate, necessary etc) > Places (official, private, semi-public, residential, abandoned etc) > Collaboration, participation avenues ? Review/Revise/Collaborate/Interact (Further Stages) More Practical Details
  102. 102. The kokonohanashi (「ここの話」 lit. 'talking about here') project works locally - in the community where we live. With places that we know. At the first stage of testing: > A run-down park in front of a factory (run-down, official) > A friendly neighbourhood park which has been declared a 'night no-go zone' (well-ke pt, official) > A park under a motorway (run-down, secluded, official) > An abondoned car in an apartment complex car park (illegal use) > A deserted house on a school route (run-down, private property) Image: Western Tokyo (Google Maps)
  103. 103. analogue (notebooks, pens, laminated A4 posters, wire, legwork) - materials on location. > Laminated A4 posters fastened with wire and tape (key components of the Japanese DIY public signage kit) installed in selected locations. > A notebook and pen attached for non-net-enabled users. Image: Examples of street signage in Japan (from FIXES project) Example Poster
  104. 104. Example poster (Top Half, Trigger Statement) Trigger Question or Statement
  105. 105. Example poster (Bottom Half) Logo QR Code Place name General contact details Heading: “What do you think about this place?” Installation period (until the end of November) About the kokonohanashi project Invitation to add own place to the project Place specific URL Use instructions (access, email, comment etc)
  106. 106. digital (QR codes, stripped down Wordpress, email, smart/not-so-smart-phones) - real(ish) time commenting/contribution/access to other opinions. > Access to location-specific post via QR code, direct URL – PC/Mobile. > Commenting/discussion enabled. > Easy monitoring via comment rss feed. e.g
  107. 107. Online component running stripped down Wordpress
  108. 108. Access site via QR code (or direct URL) Retrieve message Connect Comment 1 2 3 4
  109. 109. Thank You! 5
  110. 110. First stage test locations
  111. 111. A run-down park in front of a factory “This park is known around here as 'one-p ark' because it only has one slide” 「この公園はすべり台が一つしかないので「ワン 公園」とよばれています。」
  112. 112. A friendly neighbourhood park which has been declared a 'night no-go zone'. “Why can't we use this park at night anymore?” 「この公園が夜間使用禁止になったのはなぜ?」
  113. 113. A park under a motorway. “From the outside, parks und er motorways look like pretty sad places – but what's the reality? ” 「近所の皆様、橋の下の遊び場は 外から見ると寂しそうな感じで すか、実際は?」
  114. 114. An abandoned car in an apartment complex car park “This car has been here for three years....what do you think?” 「この廃車は3年以上このままです。どう思いますか?」
  115. 115. A deserted house on a school route “This house has been deserted for the la st three years. Want to make it somethi ng a bit more fun?” 「この廃屋は3年以上このままです。楽しい 場所に変えてみませんか?」
  116. 116. Main Theme > Intrinsic Motivation can trump external forces (design, planning, good intentions, etc etc). > A plan/strategy for increasing + sustaining intrinsic motivation should be central to any proposed project or solution for cities and citizens (and in the context of this workshop, the elderly). > A modified creative climate framework (from social psychology research in business/research organizations) provides a promising starting point. > The FIXES and Tokyo-DIY-Gardening projects uncover examples of creative output. They are the starting point for deriving patterns/principles/frameworks of neighbourhood creativity that can inform the discussion on citizen created cities/urban planning/etc.... > kokonohanashi seeks to (1) understand practical directions for neighbourhood communication, (2) investigate the neighbourhood creative climate.
  117. 117. > Comments, anger, etc – work with participants to flesh out Neighbourhood Creative Climate framework from a Japanese perspective.
  118. 118. Contact: Chris Berthelsen (chris@a-small-lab.com) > twitter.com/a_small_lab > a-small-lab.com With questions, comments, ideas... anything!

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