Family Readiness                                                                    Flammables ..............................
Animal and Spider Bites ........................27                                   Don’t Risk Injury ......................
FAMILY READINESS    & NATURAL DISASTERS    Military Family Readiness    A              s part of our nation’s military—whe...
ConsIderAtIons For All                                 ƒ     If you live off base, threatMIlItAry Personnel               ...
IF you’re stAtIoned oConus                                                              ƒ The emergency number is probably...
Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer   Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring --      7
8   Spring -- Summer •   Safety is Everyone’s Business
PrePAre strong                         at your installa-                                       tion and, when notified,   ...
What to Do If There Is a Hurricane                     ƒ   If you are told to evacuate:     ƒ     Listen to the radio or T...
ƒ   If you are NOT told to evacuate:     ‰   Stay tuned to emergency stations on radio or TV.     ‰   Listen for further i...
tornAdoes          Tornadoes, the most violent natural       hazard, are rotating, funnel-shaped clouds       formed from ...
‰   In schools, nursing         homes, hospitals,         factories, and         businesses, go         to the pre-designa...
WIldFIres                                                            Wildfires can start unexpectedly and spread quickly. ...
The Michigan Army National Guard uses a bambi bucket, an aerial firefighting                       tool suspended below a ...
HOUSEHOLD            SAFETY       Dialing Emergency Telephone Numbers       (USING LAND LINES AND CELL PHONES)       W    ...
HoMe FIre                              ƒ   Having a working smoke              ƒ   Ensure that your smoke de-PreventIon   ...
Fire Extinguishers                                                   ƒ    Keep an all-purpose fire extinguisher in your ki...
Electrical Safetyand HeatSourcesƒ   Make sure your    electrical sys-    tem is not being    over-taxed. This             ...
CookIng FIre sAFety                                                           Many Families gather in the kitchen to spend...
ƒ   Stay alert! To prevent cooking fires, you have    ƒ   In case of an oven fire, turn off the heat and    to be alert. Y...
PoIson sAFety CHeCklIst                                           Each year unintentional poisoning causes over 14,000 dea...
ƒ   Swallowed: Immediately            light. Ideally, you should discard          this is normal) or that    consult a med...
HoMe APPlIAnCe sAFety                                      ƒ   Push the mower forward, never pull it                      ...
ƒ   Children should not be al-       ƒ   Rubber gloves (never use                  tim is still conscious, induce    lowed...
BArBeCue grIll sAFety       Outdoor cooking is very popular. In fact, 66 million Americans cook     outdoors regularly, ac...
Flare-Ups                              ƒ       Place a drip pan beneath the   Fat from your meat will drip                ...
ƒ     Don’t play aggressive                                                           ƒ   Clean the wound with soap       ...
sPIders                                  bite. The venom of a brown          ƒ    Keep apparel stored out-  Although spide...
Remember:       Sun intensifies     when it reflects     off sand, water,     and concrete.     You can get     burned eve...
BAseBAll/soFtBAll   The number of people who play baseball and softball each year is staggering—some estimates exceed 100m...
tennIs       Millions of people will work out this year playing tennis. Approximately 83,000 of them will leave     the co...
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office
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Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office

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The IMCOM Safety Office presents tips and strategies for staying safe at home, at play, at work and in the field this summer.

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Spring-Summer Safety Brochure - IMCOM Safety Office

  1. 1. Family Readiness Flammables ................................................... 18 & Natural Disasters...........................................4 Electrical Safety And Heat Sources.......... 19 Military Family Preparedness ..................4 Escaping A Fire: EDITH— Considerations For All Military Exit Drills In The Home................................. 19 Personnel And Families ..........................5 Cooking Fire Safety ................................20 If You’re Stationed Outside the Safe Cooking Behaviors ..............................20 Continental United States (OCONUS) ....6 Family Emergency Plan ............................7 If Your Clothes Catch Fire ...........................20 Prepare Strong .........................................9 How And When To Fight Cooking Fires.... 21 Hurricanes ................................................9 Poison Safety Checklist..........................22 How To Prepare For A Hurricane..................9 Medication .....................................................22 What To Do If There Is A Hurricane.......... 10 Household Products ....................................22 What To Do After A Hurricane.................... 11 Safety Procedures ........................................22 Tornados .................................................12 Medicine Cabinet Clutter ............................23 How To Prepare For A Tornado ..................12 Home Appliance Safety ..........................24 What To Do If There Is A Tornado............. 13 General Safety Rules For Appliances........24 ildfires .................................................14 W Lawn Mowers ..........................................24 How To Prepare For A Wildfire ................... 14 Know Your Mower..........................................24 What To Do If There Is A Wildfire .............. 15 Gasoline-Powered Mowers— Fill The Tank Safely ........................................24 Household Safety............................................16 Electric Mowers— Dialing Emergency Telephone Numbers Prevent Electrical Shock...............................24 (Using Land Lines And Cell Phones) ....16 Home Fire Prevention Dress For Safety.............................................24 And Preparedness.................................17 Clear The Area ........................................24 Facts .................................................................17 Garden Sprays Safety Checklist ............25 Smoke Detectors ...........................................17 Handling Garden Chemicals......................25 Fire Extinguishers ......................................... 18 First Aid............................................................25 Storage ............................................................25 Barbecue Grill Safety .............................26 Before Cooking..............................................26 Cooking With Propane (LP) Gas Grills ......26 Cooking With Charcoal Grills.........26 Flare-Ups............................................272 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  2. 2. Animal and Spider Bites ........................27 Don’t Risk Injury ............................................40 Who Is Most At Risk...................................... 27 Hand Tools......................................................40 Preventing Dog Bites....................................28 Working Under Automobiles ......................40 First Aid............................................................28 Ladder Safety ........................................41 Spiders ...................................................29 Travel Safety .....................................................42 Preventing Spider Bites ...............................29 TRiPS—Travel Risk Planning System .....42 First Aid............................................................29 Night Driving ...........................................42Recreational Safety ........................................30 Seat Belt Safety .............................................43 Heat Injury Prevention ...........................30 U.S. Army Requirement ..............................43 Heat Stress.....................................................30 Seat Belt Facts ..............................................43 Heat Exhaustion Symptoms.......................30 Cellular Phone Use While Driving ......... 44 First Aid For Heat Exhaustion.....................30 Child Passenger Safety ......................... 44 Baseball/Softball ...................................31 Wet Roads ...............................................45 Motorcycles .............................................46 Safety Rules For Baseball And Softball ... 31 Tennis ......................................................32 Mandatory Training ......................................46 Soccer .....................................................33 Required Personal Equipment......................................................33 Protective Equipment...................................46 Motorcycle Safety ...................................47 Types Of Soccer Injuries And First Aid Tips...........................................33 Rules for Braking ..........................................48 Motorcycle Mentorship Program ...........48 Jogging/Running ....................................34 Drugs, Alcohol, And Motorcycles ...........48 Skateboarding ........................................35 All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) ......................49 Bicycles ...................................................36 Water Safety ...........................................37 Training............................................................49 Swimming....................................................... 37 Rules For Safe ATV Operations..................49 Water Skiing ................................................... 37 Holiday Safety ..................................................50 Recreational Fireworks Safety ..........................................50 Boating ............................................................38 Fireworks Injuries ........................................50 Weapons Safety ....................................39Home Project/Hobby Safety ........................40 Safe Lifting Tips ......................................40 Mechanical Safety Checklist .................40 Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 3
  3. 3. FAMILY READINESS & NATURAL DISASTERS Military Family Readiness A s part of our nation’s military—whether active duty, reserves, civilian employee, or Fam- ily member—you play an important role in ensuring the welfare of our homeland. It is also important to prepare yourself and your Family for all types of emergencies so you can increase your personal sense of security and peace of mind. Preparing makes sense. Get ready now. As Hurricane Ike approached the Gulf Coast with predictions of five to 10 inches of rain, the Texas National Guard was assembling 900 personnel and 500 high-water vehicles in San Antonio for major search-and-rescue missions. Photo courtesy of U.S. Army: www.flickr.com/photos/ soldiersmediacenter/2851462729/4 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  4. 4. ConsIderAtIons For All ƒ If you live off base, threatMIlItAry Personnel levels or other circumstances may keep you from getting backAnd FAMIlIes on the installation for day-to-dayƒ Every time you relocate, learn the types of activities following an emergency. emergencies likely to affect the area, and Know alternative places to shop update your emergency kit and plan with new or obtain things you normally get materials if necessary. Use the handy Family on post. Emergency Plan insert on page 7 to help you prepare. ƒ Collecting and recording important personal and financial documentsƒ Be aware that mass warning systems differ at is already a part of preparing for different locations. It could be a “giant voice” deployment. Be sure to include outside speaker, siren, telephone alert, or these documents in your some other system or procedure. Family’s emergency kit.ƒ You may not have extended Family nearby, ƒ During or after an emergency, so determining a rendezvous point or call-in you need to report to your contact for regrouping after an emergency command. Learn and follow may require more ingenuity. Establish an the established procedures. ¶ emergency plan with an out-of-town contact you can all reach. Keep in mind that one or more Family members may be deployed when disaster strikes. SPC Timothy C. Berlanga of the Texas Army National Guard hands out a bag of ice to a resident whose neighborhood in Raymondville, TX was severely flooded by the deluge of rain from hurricane Dolly. Photo by 1st SGT Lek Mateo. Photo courtesy of U.S. Army: www.flickr.com/photos/ soldiersmediacenter/ 2712879495/ Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 5
  5. 5. IF you’re stAtIoned oConus ƒ The emergency number is probably not 911 and may differ on and off the installation. You and your Family should know the operable numbers. ƒ Your emergency kit should include some additional items, such as passports, birth abroad certificates for children born over- seas, cash in the local currency, a card with local translations of basic terms, and an electrical current converter. ƒ If you live off base, learn a few key phrases in the host nation’s language, and get to know neighbors who could alert you about an ongoing emergency. ƒ For an emergency that occurs “outside the fence,” the local government will lead response (evacuations, shel- ter instructions, etc.). Cooperate with the host nation’s responders and follow their instructions. ¶6 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  6. 6. Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 7
  7. 7. 8 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business
  8. 8. PrePAre strong at your installa- tion and, when notified, Emergencies affect hundreds of be prepared for the following: rainthousands of people every year. and stormOne may hit your installation and ƒ Evacuation. surges. Anyone livingcommunity and affect you and ƒ Moving to a civilian in an area frequently affectedyour Family. When emergencies by hurricanes should take the spe-occur, military and civilian orga- shelter. cial precautions described below.nizations respond, but it takestime to mobilize, and they focus ƒ Moving to a designated How to Prepareon the most critical needs first. safe haven. for a HurricaneYou should get ready to manageon your own for at least 3 days. ƒ Temporarily sheltering- ƒ Stay informed and knowFailure to prepare can put yourself, in-place. hurricane terminology.your Family, and your property injeopardy! Hurricanes ƒ Install permanent storm The Army encourages all per- A hurricane is a tropical cyclone, shutters or have suppliessonnel to maintain a basic level a low-pressure system that origi- available to board up yourof preparedness for all potential nates in the tropics. The cyclone windows.hazards. usually includes intense thunder- storms and strong winds that can ƒ Install straps or clips to You are encouraged to get an exceed 155 mph. Hurricanes and secure your roof to theemergency supply kit, make a tropical storms can further result frame structure.Family emergency plan, and be in- in tornadoes and heavy flooding.formed about what might happen. Hurricanes can cause extensive ƒ Get an emergency supply It is your responsibility to un- damage through both strong kit, and develop a Familyderstand the mass warning system winds and high flood waters from evacuation procedure. ƒ Develop a Family commu- nication procedure in case you are separated. Keep in mind that phone lines and cell phone towers may be down. Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 9
  9. 9. What to Do If There Is a Hurricane ƒ If you are told to evacuate: ƒ Listen to the radio or TV for more ‰ NEVER ignore an evacuation order. information and further instructions. ‰ Follow the guidelines given regarding evacua- ƒ Secure your home by closing the storm tion times and routes. shutters and bringing outdoor furniture inside. ‰ Take only essential items and your emergency kit. ƒ Ensure a supply of water for household ‰ Turn off gas, electricity, and water if you have not purposes. already done so. ƒ Turn your refrigerator to the coldest ‰ Disconnect all appliances. setting and keep the door closed. ‰ Do not walk in moving water. ƒ Turn off utilities if told to do so. ‰ Do not drive in high water (as little as 6 inches can cause a stall or loss of control). ‰ Follow the designated evacuation procedure and expect a high volume of traffic.10 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  10. 10. ƒ If you are NOT told to evacuate: ‰ Stay tuned to emergency stations on radio or TV. ‰ Listen for further instructions. ‰ Stay away from windows and doors by seeking shelter in a bathroom or basement. ‰ Prepare to evacuate to a shelter or a neighbor’s home if your home is damaged. ‰ Do not go outside until instructed to do so, even if the storm is over and it seems calm. When the eye of the hurricane passes, it is calm for a while but does not remain that way. ‰ Once you are in a safe place, report to your com- mand if you are military or civilian government personnel or a member of the selective reserves.What to Do After a Hurricaneƒ Listen to news reports to make sure water supplies are not contaminated.ƒ Avoid flood waters, standing or moving, as they may be contaminated or be deeper than expected.ƒ Beware of downed power lines. ƒ Avoid any roads where flood waters have receded, as they may have weakened and could collapse under the weight of a car. ƒ Be extremely cautious when entering buildings and homes, as they may be structurally unsafe and there may be unseen damage. ƒ Once home, check gas, water, and electri- cal lines and appliances for damage. ƒ Use a flashlight to inspect for damage. Never use candles and other open flames indoors. ƒ Clean and disinfect everything that was touched by flood water, as it can contain sewage and other contaminants. ¶ Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 11
  11. 11. tornAdoes Tornadoes, the most violent natural hazard, are rotating, funnel-shaped clouds formed from thunderstorms. Strong winds are their most destructive aspect, with gusts reaching as high as 300 mph. The damage path can be a mile wide. Tornado season is generally March through August, but tornadoes can occur any time of the year. They most often occur at the tail end of a thunderstorm. Eighty percent of tornadoes occur between noon and midnight. While some areas are more prone to tornadoes than others, they can occur anywhere, so it is best to be prepared. How to Prepare for a Tornado ƒ When a tornado threatens, take immediate action. Do not delay! ƒ Stay informed and know tornado terminology: ‰ Tornado watch—Weather conditions are favorable for the development of a tornado. Stay tuned to the radio or TV for more information and further instruc- tions. ‰ Tornado warning—A tornado has been spotted. Take shelter immediately. ƒ Identify a place in your home and at work to take shelter in case of a tornado: ‰ A storm shelter or basement provides the best protection. ‰ Stay away from windows, doors, and outside walls. ‰ In homes and small buildings, go to an interior part of the lowest level—closets, bathrooms, or interior halls. Put as many walls between you and the out- side as possible.12 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  12. 12. ‰ In schools, nursing homes, hospitals, factories, and businesses, go to the pre-designated shelter areas. Interior hallways on the lowest floor are usually best. ‰ In high-rise buildings, go to an interior small room or hallway. ‰ Leave areas with high, open-roof enclosures such as auditoriums, gymnasiums, and aviation hangers. ‰ Leave mobile homes or vehicles, and go to a substantial shelter. If there is no shelter nearby, lie flat Crank Radio in the nearest ditch, ravine, or An emergency kit should include a battery or crank powered radio culvert with your hands shielding so during emergency situations where electricity is out, news and weather reports can still be heard. There are many different brands of your head. radios available at many different price points.ƒ Have frequent tornado drills. Photo courtesy of U.S. Army: http://www.army.mil/ -images/2009/04/23/35966/ƒ Get an emergency supply kit and make a Family emergency plan.What to Do If There Is a Tornadoƒ Take shelter immediately in the designated room.ƒ If you are outside, find shelter immediately or, if shelter is unavailable, lie flat in a ditch or low-lying area.ƒ If you are in a car, stop immediately and find shelter. Do NOT try to drive through a tornado.ƒ Stay tuned to radio or TV for information and instructions as they become available.ƒ Stay in your shelter until the tornado has passed.ƒ Once you are in a safe place, report to your command if you are military or civilian government personnel or a member of the selective reserves. ¶I Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 13
  13. 13. WIldFIres Wildfires can start unexpectedly and spread quickly. You may not be aware of a wildfire until you are in danger, so it is important to be prepared, especially if you live in a dry, wooded area. Wildfires can be incredibly destructive and dangerous. They pose a threat not only to your home and community, but also to your Family if you are not prepared. How to Prepare for a Wildfire ƒ Be aware of your area’s risk for wildfires. ƒ Practice fire safety: ‰ Install smoke detectors on every level of your home. ‰ Never leave a fire (including a cigarette) burning unattended. ‰ Avoid open burning. ‰ Create a 30–50-foot safety zone around your home. ‰ Clear the area of all flammable vegetation, including dry leaves and branches. ‰ Remove vines from the side of your home. ‰ Regularly dispose of trash at approved sites. ‰ Store gasoline and oily rags in proper safety cans. ƒ Regularly clean debris from your roof and gutters. ƒ Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, as well as a hose, that can reach all areas of the home. ƒ Get an emergency supply kit. ƒ Develop a Family evacuation procedure and a communication plan. SGT Mark Walch from Company A, 297th Support Battalion, one of the initial 295 Soldiers mobilized to fight the wildfires burning in California, uses an ax to cut down trees to form a fire break preventing burning material from crossing lines and spreading to unburned areas. Photo courtesy of U.S. Army: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ soldiersmediacenter/2667428473/ Photo by STAFF SGT Andrew Hughan14 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  14. 14. The Michigan Army National Guard uses a bambi bucket, an aerial firefighting tool suspended below a helicopter, to extinguish a fire 10 miles from Tahquame- non Falls State Park, MI. Photo courtesy of U.S. Army: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ soldiersmediacenter/1063556470/ Photo by STAFF SGT Helen MillerWhat to Do When There Is a Wildfire ƒ Once you are in a safe place, report to your command if you are military orƒ Listen to radio and TV for information civilian government personnel or a and instructions. member of the selective reserves.ƒ If you spot a wildfire, call 911 immediately. You Can Avert Tragedy Don’t assume that someone has already reported it. You cannot prevent natural disasters, butƒ If you are directed to evacuate, do so immediately: you can safeguard yourself and your Family by being prepared and protected. ¶ ‰ Turn on porch lights and all the lights inside to make your home easier to spot in heavy smoke. ‰ Leave doors and windows unlocked for firefighters. ‰ Turn off the gas supply to your house and appliances. ‰ Fill any large containers with water, including pools, garbage cans, and tubs. ‰ Close all the doors in your house to prevent a draft. ‰ If time permits, clear any flammable items from the house and the area around it, including firewood and cloth curtains. ‰ Take your emergency kit.ƒ Wear protective clothing that fully covers your arms and legs. Check the labels on your clothing for the words “fire retardant.” These are materials designed to withstand heat and resist burning. Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 15
  15. 15. HOUSEHOLD SAFETY Dialing Emergency Telephone Numbers (USING LAND LINES AND CELL PHONES) W hen an emergency occurs on the military instal- lation, using a hardwired garrison phone line to dial 911 will route the emergency call to a military police desk or emergency operator. Hardwired phones provide for a more timely response from garrison Military Police and Fire department units. When dialing 911 from a cell phone on a military installation, you will normally contact a 911 operator outside of the installation causing a delayed emergency response time. Please notify the 911 operator of your location and/or location of the emergency and the garrison you are calling from. If you need to make an emergency call using a cell phone, make direct contact with Fire Department or Military Police personnel by using the alternate direct dial emergency telephone numbers for the garrison you are calling from; these numbers are usually avail- able on the garrison website. Program these numbers into your cell phone contacts list so they are readily available.16 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  16. 16. HoMe FIre ƒ Having a working smoke ƒ Ensure that your smoke de-PreventIon detector more than tectors are tested monthly doubles one’s chances of and batteries are replacedAnd PrePAredness surviving a fire. twice a year. Change batter- Fires and burns continue to be ies when you change youra major cause of unintentional Follow the safety tips listed clocks.injury and/or death at home. Par- below to protect yourselfticularly at risk are the very young ƒ Encourage children to help and your family.and the very old. test the smoke detectors. Smoke Detectors Familiarize them with theFacts ƒ One is definitely NOT sounds of the alarm(s).ƒ 80 percent of all fire deaths enough! Every home occur in the home. should be equipped withƒ The leading cause of fire smoke detectors on every deaths is careless smoking. level, particularly outside of sleeping areas. Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 17
  17. 17. Fire Extinguishers ƒ Keep an all-purpose fire extinguisher in your kitchen (one rated for grease fires and electrical fires). ƒ It is a good idea to keep fire extinguishers near the fur- nace, garage, and anywhere else a fire may start. These extinguishers are affordable, life-saving equipment for your home. ƒ Make sure every able-bodied member of the Family is trained and familiar with the proper way to use the fire extinguishers. ƒ If you must use an extinguisher, make sure you have a clear way out in the event you cannot put out the fire. Flammables ƒ Keep matches, lighters, and candles out of reach and out of sight of children! ƒ Smoking is dangerous! No one should ever smoke in bed. Make sure that cigarettes/cigars are extinguished prop- erly before dumping ashes. ƒ Dispose of materials from fireplaces and grills in non- flammable containers. ƒ Never put children to sleep in “day” clothes. Fire-retardant sleepwear can make a difference in burn outcomes.18 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  18. 18. Electrical Safetyand HeatSourcesƒ Make sure your electrical sys- tem is not being over-taxed. This ƒ Windows can cause a fire. provide a secondary Do your lights dim or flicker ƒ Be fully prepared for a real means of escape. Ensure when extra appliances are fire: when a smoke alarm they are in proper work- plugged in? If you have sounds, get out immedi- ing order, are not painted questions or concerns, con- ately; and once you are out, shut, and guards are able sult a certified electrician. stay out, leave the firefight- to be disengaged in case of ing to the professionals! fire and escape is necessaryƒ Inspect wires. If you find through that window. any worn or exposed wiring ƒ If you live in an apartment from appliances, discon- building, make sure that you ƒ Make sure to practice your tinue their use immediately! are familiar with the build- escape plan periodically. It A fire is imminent! ing’s evacuation plan. In will be easier to remember case of a fire, use the stairs, in case of an emergency.ƒ Keep appliances unplugged never the elevator. when not in use. ƒ Call emergency responders ƒ When planning for a Family from a neighbor’s house.Escaping a Fire: EDITH— with young children, be sure Young children should knowExit Drills in the Home to teach them not to hide their street address and lastƒ Practice EDITH (Exit Drills in from fire or smoke and to go name (and, of course, how the Home). These tips can to the firefighters who are to dial 911 or garrison emer- help you put together and there to help them. gency number). practice an effective home ƒ All children should be famil- ƒ After you’ve planned for fire escape plan. iar with the ideas of “crawl- the Family, don’t forget theƒ Pull together everyone in ing underneath the smoke” pets. Alert firefighters about your household and make to escape a fire. “Stop, your pets. Don’t rely on win- a plan. Draw a floor plan drop, and roll” is another dow or door decals to alert of your home showing two safety principle that must firefighters—such decals are ways out of each room, be ingrained into children’s often found to be outdated. including windows. Do not minds. In the event your pet suffers forget to mark the location from smoke inhalation, rush ƒ Multi-storied buildings are of each smoke alarm. Make the animal to the vet. of special concern. Ensure it easy for all members of that everyone is familiar the Family and visitors to with how to use an escape understand. ladder if necessary.ƒ Make sure that everyone un- ƒ Make sure every sleeping derstands the escape plan room has two means of es- and recognizes the sound of cape in the event of a fire. the smoke alarm. Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 19
  19. 19. CookIng FIre sAFety Many Families gather in the kitchen to spend time together, but it can be one of the most hazardous rooms in the house if you do not practice safe cooking behaviors. Cooking equipment, most often a range or stovetop is the leading cause of reported home fires and home fire inju- ries in the United States. Cooking equipment is also the leading cause of unreported fires and associated injuries. It is a recipe for serious injury or even death to wear loose clothing (especially hanging sleeves), walk away from a cooking pot on the stove, or leave flammable materials, such as potholders or paper towels, around the stove. Whether you are cooking the Family holiday dinner or a snack for the children, practicing safe cooking behaviors will help keep you and your Family safe. Safe Cooking Behaviors Choose the Right Equipment and Use It Properly ƒ Always use cooking equipment tested and approved by a recognized testing facility. ƒ Follow manufacturers’ instruc- tions and code requirements when installing and operating cooking equipment. ƒ Plug microwave ovens and other cooking appli- If Your Clothes ances directly into an outlet. Never use an exten- Catch Fire sion cord for a cooking appliance, as it can over- If your clothes catch fire, stop, load the circuit and cause a fire. drop, and roll. Stop immediately, drop to the ground, and cover ƒ Avoid grease build-up in the kitchen and on ap- face with hands. Roll over and pliances. Cooking fires are common. Do not leave over or back and forth to put out food cooking on stovetops unattended. the fire. Immediately cool the burn with cool water for three to Watch What You Heat five minutes and then seek emer- gency medical care. ƒ The leading cause of fires in the kitchen is unat- tended cooking. ƒ Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, grilling, or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a short period of time, turn off the stove. ƒ If you are simmering, baking, roasting, or boiling food, check it regularly, remain in the home while food is cooking, and use a timer to remind you that you’re cooking.20 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  20. 20. ƒ Stay alert! To prevent cooking fires, you have ƒ In case of an oven fire, turn off the heat and to be alert. You won’t be if you are sleepy, keep the door closed to prevent flames from have been drinking alcohol, or have taken burning you or your clothing. medicine that makes you drowsy. ƒ If you have a fire in your microwave oven, turnƒ If a fire should occur, suffocate it with a it off immediately and keep the door closed. pot/pan lid or a cookie sheet, or close the Never open the door until the fire is complete- oven door. ly out. Unplug the appliance if you can safely reach the outlet.Keep Things That Can Catch Fire and HeatSources Apart ƒ After a fire, both ovens and microwaves should be checked and/or servicedƒ Keep anything that can catch fire—pothold- before being used again. ¶ ers, oven mitts, wooden utensils, paper or plastic bags, food packaging, towels, or curtains—away from your stovetop.ƒ Keep the stovetop, burners, and oven clean.ƒ Keep pets off cooking surfaces and nearby countertops to prevent them from knocking things onto the burner.ƒ Wear short, close-fitting or tightly rolled sleeves when cooking. Loose clothing can dangle onto stove burners and catch fire if it comes into contact with a gas flame or electric burner.How and When to FightCooking Firesƒ When in doubt, just get out. When you leave, close the door behind you to help contain the fire. Call 911 or the local emergency number after you leave.ƒ If you do try to fight the fire, be sure others are already getting out and you have a clear path to the exit.ƒ Always keep an oven mitt and a lid nearby when you are cooking. If a small grease fire starts in a pan, smother the flames by care- fully sliding the lid over the pan (make sure you are wearing the oven mitt). Turn off the burner. Do not move the pan. To keep the fire from restarting, leave the lid on until the pan is completely cool. Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 21
  21. 21. PoIson sAFety CHeCklIst Each year unintentional poisoning causes over 14,000 deaths, according to re- cent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Half a million children will ingest poisonous household products and medicine this year, accord- ing to estimates by the American Association of Poison Control Centers. Protect a child—prevent a tragedy. The national, toll-free Poison Control Center locator num- ber is: 1-800-222-1222; when you call you will be automatically redirected to the nearest poison center in your area. Adhere to the following safety precautions. Medication Be responsible with your medicine. ƒ Keep medicine out of reach of children. Follow instructions on labels exactly. Heed the cautions, and consider the side effects. Make note of the antidote in case of accidental ingestion. Discard medicine once an illness is over or when the expiration date has lapsed. Only buy medicine in child-resistant containers. ƒ Most accidental ingestion of medicine involves containers that are not child-resistant. Always keep medicine in its original container. Household Products closets, and cabinets. Imme- ƒ Keep a bottle of ipecac syrup, diately return products to which induces vomiting. Use and store poisonous safe storage after use. Don’t administer ipecac household products safely. syrup without consulting a ƒ Keep products in their original medical authority first. ƒ Read product labels carefully. containers. Never transfer Abide by instructions; be them to secondary contain- Know what to do. aware of cautions. ers like soft drink bottles. ƒ Buy products in child-resis- ƒ Inhaled poison: Place the ‰ Chemicals do more harm person in fresh air, avoid tant containers. to the eyes than to any breathing fumes, loosen ƒ Don’t stockpile poisonous other part of the body. Be their clothing, and open products. Buy them only for sure to wear eye protection doors and windows. If the a specific purpose in the as well as other required victim is unconscious, check quantities required. protective equipment breathing and begin artifi- when handling or working cial respiration, if required. ƒ Inspect the condition of con- around chemicals.¶ tainers, including their la- ƒ In eye: Remove contact lens- bels. If appropriate, discard Safety Procedures es if present, and flood the any leftover product when injured eye for 15 minutes Be prepared. no longer needed. Follow with lukewarm water from installation hazardous mate- ƒ Post near your phone the a glass held two to three rial disposal directives. numbers of the national or lo- inches away from the eye. cal Poison Control Center, Blink during flooding. Don’t ƒ Only store poisonous prod- your doctor, and any other rub the eye or force it open. ucts in locked storage sheds, emergency care providers.22 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  22. 22. ƒ Swallowed: Immediately light. Ideally, you should discard this is normal) or that consult a medical authority, outdated medications from your have a solid residue identifying the product and medicine cabinet once a month. at the bottom. the amount ingested, how long ago it was ingested, Start your cleanup by disposing of ƒ Milk of magnesia that the following: has become caked. and the condition of the victim. Be prepared to give ƒ Any medicine that has ƒ Ointments (or salves) milk, water, or ipecac syrup changed color, formed a that have separated, as directed. residue at the bottom of developed spots, or the bottle, or is more than 2 become discolored.Medicine Cabinet Clutter years old. Most medicine cabinets are a ƒ Nose drops that have be-haphazard accumulation of half- ƒ Aspirins that are crumbly or come cloudy or have devel-used and outdated medications that give off a vinegary odor. oped a sediment.that can actually be more danger-ous than helpful. If your medicine ƒ Hydrogen peroxide that no ƒ Eye wash or eye drops leftcabinet fits this description, it’s longer bubbles vigorously over from treating any eyetime to do something about it. when applied. disorder. Fungus growth may Almost all medicines deterio- ƒ Antiseptic solutions that develop in these.rate with age, particularly when have become cloudyexposed to heat, air, moisture, and (unless the label says Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 23
  23. 23. HoMe APPlIAnCe sAFety ƒ Push the mower forward, never pull it backward. General Safety Rules For Appliances ƒ If the lawn slopes, mow across the slope with ƒ Never operate an electric appliance while a walk-behind mower, never up and down. touching a metal object (especially plumb- With a riding mower, drive up and down the ing), standing on a wet surface, or taking a slope, not across it. bath or shower. Teach your children not to reach for an appliance that has fallen into ƒ Inspect the mower for potential hazards, water. loose bolts, missing guards, etc. ƒ Always unplug appliances before cleaning or ƒ Disengage the drive and clutch before you repairing, and when not in use. start the engine. ƒ Keep cords away from water and heat. ƒ Disconnect the spark plug wire (or electrical power cord) before doing any maintenance ƒ If you need to use an extension cord, choose work on your lawn mower. the right type. Use a 3-wire cord with a 3-prong plug for appliances that require grounding. Gasoline-Powered Mowers— ƒ Don’t plug too many appliances into Fill The Tank Safely one circuit. ƒ Before refueling, let the engine cool for a few ƒ All appliances should be approved by a recog- minutes. Gas spilled on hot engine parts can nized testing laboratory such as Underwriters cause a flash fire. Laboratories (UL). ƒ Fill the mower outdoors, so vapors won’t build up. Never smoke while filling the tank. lAWn MoWers Mowing the lawn can sometimes seem like a Electric Mowers— mundane activity, made even more boring by Prevent Electrical Shocks virtue of repetition. In reality, a lawn mower can ƒ Never use an electric mower in wet conditions. be a dangerous and even deadly tool, capable of amputating hands and feet, and throw- ƒ Use a UL-approved, grounded power cord in ing objects with deadly speed. According to good condition. Check the owner’s manual for government estimates, injuries resulting from recommendations on choosing a power cord. lawn mowers average 74,000 each year. The American Academy of Pediatrics recom- ƒ Always be aware of the location of the power mends that no one under age 16 should cord, and keep it away from the mower blade. use a riding mower, and no one under age 12 should use a push-type power mower. Dress for Safety Follow these tips for safe lawn mower operation. ƒ Wear heavy-duty shoes with non-slip soles. Never mow in bare feet or sandals. Always Know Your Mower wear eye and hearing protection during mow- ƒ Read and follow the ing. instruction manual. Clear the Area ƒ Know how to stop the ƒ Pick-up sticks, stones, toys, and debris that machine quickly in an could be ejected from the mower and cause emergency. injury.24 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  24. 24. ƒ Children should not be al- ƒ Rubber gloves (never use tim is still conscious, induce lowed on or near the lawn fabric, leather, or paper vomiting. Keep the victim when the mower is in use. ¶ gloves). calm. Consult a physician im- mediately. ƒ Long-sleeved shirt. ƒ Take the label to thegArden sPrAys ƒ Long pants or coveralls. physician.sAFety CHeCklIst ƒ Shoes and socks Storage Any chemical pesticide or (not sandals or flip-flops).herbicide available to the home ƒ Don’t leave any chemicals ingardener can be used safely and Handling Garden spray equipment at the endwithout harm to the user, pets, or Chemicals of the work day.the environment. Simply be aware ƒ Always follow directionsof and knowledgeable about what ƒ Always store garden sprays when mixing chemicals. in their original containeryou are doing, use proper personalprotective clothing and equip- ƒ When filling a spray with the labels clearly vis-ment, have respect for the chemi- container, use a funnel ible. Never store pesticidescals and their effects, and use to avoid spilling. in soft drink bottles or foodcommon sense. By following these containers, which can bebasic guidelines, you can enjoy ƒ Never hold the container mistaken for food or drink.healthy lawns and plants without higher than chest level whenthe risk of injury or illness. pouring. ƒ Store pesticides in a dry, secure place out of the reachƒ Read and Follow Label ƒ Divert your head from of children and pets. ¶ Instructions. the container whenƒ Pesticide labels contain “sig- opening. nal words” that indicate one ƒ Don’t spray on of three levels of toxicity: windy days.ƒ CAUTION: The least toxic ƒ Control access to the chemical pesticides. sprayed area asƒ WARNING: Mid-level toxicity directed by the label. pesticides. ƒ Always wash yourƒ DANGER—POISON: The most hands and face toxic category of pesticides. afterward. These are available for pur- First Aid chase and application only by a licensed applicator. ƒ Check the label for symptoms of over-ƒ Always use the LEAST TOXIC exposure and first pesticide available to treat aid procedures. your particular need. ƒ If the chemicalƒ Wear protective clothing. contacts your skin,ƒ Head covering immediately wash (cap or wide-brim hat). with soap and water.ƒ Eye protection (when mixing liquid pesticides that carry ƒ If the chemical WARNING or DANGER signal is swallowed words). and the vic- Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 25
  25. 25. BArBeCue grIll sAFety Outdoor cooking is very popular. In fact, 66 million Americans cook outdoors regularly, according to the Barbecue Industry Association. You’re probably one of those 66 million. Hopefully you will not be one of the people treated in emergency rooms this summer for injuries related to charcoal, propane, and wood-burning grills. As an outdoor cook, you need to avoid injuries by observing some safety precautions. Before Cooking ƒ Instruct children on the dan- Cooking With Propane gers of a lit grill. (LP) Gas Grills ƒ Choose a safe grilling loca- ƒ Read the owner’s manual tion away from children’s and operating instructions cord plugged into an outlet play areas and areas of carefully. protected by a ground fault heavy traffic. The area circuit interrupter. should be well-ventilated to ƒ Use the exact type of tank avoid danger from carbon and fuel specified. ƒ Be sure the ground is dry monoxide and other com- and you’re not standing in ƒ Check hoses and valve con- water when plugging the bustion by-products. Never nections often. Do this by grill inside or even in a semi- starter into an outlet. pouring soapy water on the enclosed area, such as a tent connection points. If bub- ƒ The starter will stay hot for or camper. Always grill on a bles appear, retighten the several minutes after use, so flat, stable platform. connections and test again. place it out of reach by chil- ƒ Make sure you’re not wear- dren and on a surface that ƒ Transfer and store liquid will not burn. ing clothing that could con- propane cylinders in an tact the fire, such as hang- upright position and never ƒ If using instant-light bri- ing shirt-tails or dangling where temperatures can quettes: Spread instant-light strings. reach 125 degrees. briquettes into a single layer, ƒ Never leave a making sure they touch at ƒ Whether your grill lights by the edges. Light several of grill unattended. match or push button ignit- them at their edges with a er, always follow the manu- match. facturer’s instructions. ƒ If using standard charcoal Cooking briquettes: Stack standard With Charcoal briquettes in a pyramid to Grills allow air to circulate around them, causing them to light ƒ Never start faster. Apply lighter fluid a fire with before lighting; wait at least gasoline. one minute before lighting to allow the lighter fluid to ƒ If using an soak in. Never add fluid to electric fire the coals once they’ve been starter, use an lit. insulated in- door/outdoor26 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  26. 26. Flare-Ups ƒ Place a drip pan beneath the Fat from your meat will drip meat to catch fat before itonto the fire. The fire ignites the hits the coals.fat, causing flare-ups. The follow-ing tips can help prevent flare-ups. ƒ Don’t place meat directly over the heat source.ƒ Grill low-fat meat. ƒ Keep the grill cover closed,ƒ Trim excess fat from your and adjust vents as neces- meat. sary. ¶AnIMAl And sPIder BItesWith Spring comes the warmer weather andunfortunately an increased risk for animaland insect bites.dogs According to the CDC each year, 800,000 Americans seek medical attention for dog bites; half of theseare children. Of those injured, 386,000 require treatment in an emergency department and about 16 die. Therate of dog bite-related injuries is highest for children ages 5 to 9 years, and the rate decreases as children age.Almost two thirds of injuries among children ages 4 years and younger are to the head or neck region. Injuryrates in children are significantly higher for boys than for girls. In 2006, more than 31,000 people underwentreconstructive surgery as a result of being bitten by dogs.Who is Most at risk?ƒ Children: Among children, household is associated not suitable for house- the rate of dog bite–related with a higher incidence holds with children. injuries is highest for those of dog bites. As the num- ages 5 to 9 years, and chil- ber of dogs in the home ƒ Be sensitive to cues that dren are more likely than increases, so does the a child is fearful or appre- adults to receive medical incidence of dog bites. hensive about a dog. If a attention for dog bites than Adults with two or more child seems frightened by adults. Recent research dogs in the household are dogs, wait before bringing shows that the rate of dog– five times more likely to a dog into your household. bite related injuries among be bitten than those living ƒ Spend time with a dog children seems to be de- without dogs at home. before buying or adopting creasing. it. Use caution when bring- Before you bring a dogƒ Adult males: Among adults, ing a dog into a household into your household: males are more likely than with an infant or toddler. females to be bitten. ƒ Consult with a profes- sional (e.g., veterinarian, If you decide to bring a dogƒ People with dogs in their animal behaviorist, or into your home: homes: Among children and responsible breeder) to ƒ Spay/neuter your dog adults, having a dog in the learn what (this often reduces breeds of dogs are aggressive tendencies). the best fit for your household. ƒ Never leave infants or young children alone ƒ Dogs with histories with a dog. of aggression are Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 27
  27. 27. ƒ Don’t play aggressive ƒ Clean the wound with soap games with your dog and warm water for five (e.g., wrestling). ƒ If knocked over by a dog, roll minutes. into a ball and lie still (e.g., ƒ Properly socialize and train “be still like a log”). ƒ Flush the wound for an ad- any dog entering your ditional five full minutes, household. Teach the dog ƒ Do not play with a dog un- allowing water to run into submissive behaviors (e.g., less supervised by an adult. the dog bite wound. rolling over to expose the ƒ Immediately report stray abdomen and giving up ƒ Pour a liberal amount of dogs or dogs displaying un- Betadine into the dog bite food without growling). usual behavior to an adult. wounds and saturate the ƒ Immediately seek profes- ƒ Avoid direct eye contact skin around the wounds as sional advice (e.g., from with a dog. well. Use hydrogen peroxide veterinarians, animal behav- if Betadine is not available. iorists, or responsible breed- ƒ Do not disturb a dog that is ers) if the dog develops sleeping, eating, or caring ƒ Using a sterile gauze pad, aggressive or undesirable for puppies. apply a generous amount behaviors. of antibiotic ointment into ƒ Do not pet a dog without al- each wound. Preventing Dog Bites lowing it to see and sniff you first. ƒ Cover the wound with a Dog bites are a largely prevent- clean, dry dressing. able public health problem, and ƒ If bitten, immediately report adults and children can learn to re- ƒ Watch for signs of infection the bite to an adult. duce their chances of being bitten. and seek medical attention To help prevent children from First Aid if they appear: being bitten by dogs, teach the fol- Always call a physician to de- lowing basic safety tips and review termine if you should be seen. ‰ Redness them regularly: Some dog bites need antibiotics, ‰ Swelling ƒ Do not approach an particularly if they are deep punc- unfamiliar dog. ture wounds. Additionally, military ‰ Heat installations have regulations ƒ Do not run from a dog for reporting dog bites and moni- ‰ Weeping pus. ¶ or scream. toring the dogs that are initiated by the medical treatment facility. ƒ Remain motionless (e.g., Cleaning a dog bite wound im- “be still like a tree”) when mediately after the dog attack or approached by an un- bite incident occurs is essential to familiar dog. preventing infection. If a visit to the emergency room is required, clean the wound before departing because in cases where the dog bite victim is not critical, you may have to wait for several hours.28 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  28. 28. sPIders bite. The venom of a brown ƒ Keep apparel stored out- Although spider bites are com- recluse can cause a severe doors in tightly closed plas-mon in many parts of the United lesion by destroying skin tis- tic bags.States, most domestic spiders are sue (skin necrosis). This skinnot substantially venomous to lesion will require profes- First Aidman. According to the CDC, the sional medical attention. Take the following steps ifbest known exceptions include the bitten by a spider:black widow, brown recluse, and ƒ Stay calm. Identify the typehobo spiders. Spiders are usuallynot aggressive and most bites oc- of spider if it is possible tocur because a spider is trapped or do so safely. Identificationunintentionally contacted. will aid in medical treat- ment. ƒ Wash the bite area with soap ƒ The Hobo Spider is large and and water. brown with a distinct pat- tern of yellow markings on ƒ Apply a cloth dampened its abdomen. Unlike many with cold water or filled with other similar looking spi- ice to the bite area to reduce ders, Hobo Spiders do not swelling. have dark bands on theirƒ Black Widow Spiders are ƒ Elevate bite area if possible. legs. The bite of a Hobo identified by the pattern of Spider may go unnoticed; ƒ Do not attempt to remove red coloration on the un- however a moderate to venom. derside of their abdomen. severe, slow-healing wound A bite from a black widow ƒ Immediately seek profes- will develop. can be distinguished from sional medical attention other insect bites by the two Preventing spider Bites. for potentially venomous puncture marks it makes in The CDC recommends taking the spiders. ¶ the skin. The venom is a neu- following preventive steps: rotoxin that produces pain at the bite area and then ƒ Inspect or shake out any spreads to the chest, abdo- clothing, shoes, towels, or men, or the entire body. equipment before use. ƒ Wear protective clothing such as a long-sleeved shirt and long pants, hat, gloves, and boots when handling stacked or undisturbed piles of materials. ƒ Minimize the empty spacesƒ The Brown Recluse Spider between stacked materials. is brown in color with a characteristic dark violin- ƒ Remove and reduce debris shaped (or fiddle-shaped) and rubble from around the marking on its head and has outdoor work and six equal-sized eyes. Bites play areas. may cause a stinging sensa- ƒ Trim or eliminate tall grasses tion with localized pain. A from around outdoor work small white blister usually and play areas. develops at the site of the Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 29
  29. 29. Remember: Sun intensifies when it reflects off sand, water, and concrete. You can get burned even when it’s overcast or foggy. RECREATIONAL SAFETY HeAt Injury PreventIon Heat Stress Heat stress is the buildup in the body of heat generated by the muscles during work or coming from warm and hot environments. When the body becomes overheated, less blood goes to the active muscles, the brain, and other internal organs. Persons experiencing heat stress may get weaker, become tired sooner, and may be less alert, less able to use good judgment, and less able to function. As strain from the heat becomes more severe, there can be a rapid rise in body temperature and heart rate. Heat exhaustion and heat stroke result when the body is subjected to more heat than it can cope with. Heat Exhaustion ƒ Possibly fainting (victim may ƒ If the victim vomits, do not Symptoms regain consciousness give any more fluids. if their heads are lowered). ƒ Body temperature that is ƒ Transport the victim to the slightly higher than normal, First Aid nearest medical facility as caused by excessive loss of for Heat Exhaustion soon as possible. ¶ water from the body. ƒ Move the victim to shade ƒ Skin that is pale, moist, and elevate the victim’s feet. and clammy. ƒ Loosen the victim’s ƒ Excessive sweating. clothing. ƒ Headaches and perhaps ƒ If the victim is conscious, cramps. give him or her cool water to drink. ƒ Tiredness and dizziness (possibly vomiting). ƒ Apply cool, wet cloths.30 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer
  30. 30. BAseBAll/soFtBAll The number of people who play baseball and softball each year is staggering—some estimates exceed 100million people. Participation ranges from unplanned pickup games through church outings and companypicnics to semi-pro leagues. The physical condition of individual ballplayers may range from totally out-of-con-dition to physical masterpieces. Unfortunately, the number of people injured while playing baseball or softball is also staggering—over halfa million ballplayers are injured each year. While most will be inconvenienced for only a few days, many willsuffer some degree of permanent injury. What are the leading types of baseball and softball injuries? Hospital records show that strains and sprains,bruises, and fractures lead the way. Most strains and sprains result from ballplayers running the bases. Mostbruises happen when players collide or are hit by the ball, while the majority of fractures occur when playerstry to slide into a base or are hit by a pitched ball. How can injuries be kept to a minimum? The best way is for players to know and understand their own physi-cal and skill limits. Most strains and sprains can be prevented by maintaining a good conditioning level and bycarefully warming up before playing. Playing by the rules and within one’s limits will help prevent bruises andfractures.Safety Rules for Baseball and Softballƒ Check the playing field for holes, broken glass, rocks, or other dangerous objects.ƒ Be careful swinging the bat; make sure no one is too close.ƒ After you hit the ball, don’t throw or sling the bat; drop it as you run to base.ƒ Throw the ball to—not at—other players.ƒ Wear proper shoes (no metal spikes) and a bat- ting helmet when at bat.ƒ If you play catcher, wear a face mask, protec- tive cup for men or boys, chest protector, and shin guards.ƒ Avoid running over another player to knock the ball loose.ƒ Call for fly balls so you don’t run into another player.ƒ Be careful chasing the ball. If it goes into a street, look both ways to make sure no cars are coming before you go after it.ƒ If there is lightning in the area, stop playing and seek shelter other than a tree. ¶ Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring — Summer Safety is Everyone’s Business • Spring -- 31
  31. 31. tennIs Millions of people will work out this year playing tennis. Approximately 83,000 of them will leave the court injured. Steps to avoid serious injuries begin with a set routine: stretch, warm up, play, cool down, and stretch again. Proper equipment is also important: ƒ Racquet: The racquet selected should have a grip that fits the player’s hand. An oversize racquet head makes it easier for beginners to contact the ball; intermediate and advanced players usually prefer a midsize. The key to selecting a good racquet is shock absorption. Recommended racquet types are ones made of vibration-dampening material (fiberglass- graphite and fiberglass-boron composites are best). ƒ Shoes: Tennis is a game of quick sprints and rapid turns. Athletic shoes designed specifi- cally for tennis will help prevent ankle strains and sprains. ƒ Clothing: Clothing should reflect the sun’s rays, allow freedom of movement, and permit heat and sweat to escape. You should also protect your eyes from court glare. ¶32 Spring -- Summer • Safety is Everyone’s Business — Summer

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