PREPARETION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STRUCTURAL PLAN

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Pursuing any development or neighborhood plan today involves
working with a myriad of actors beyond professional collaborators
during planning and design phases. These include direct abutters,
surrounding neighbors, elected offi cials, public agencies, opponents
(often), investors, financial institutions, and regulators, all billed as
“stakeholders.” Navigating the shoals created by cadres of stakeholders
is perhaps the greatest challenge to pursuing sophisticated
ideas about and goals for urbanism.
Consensus around goals that arenot very ambitious is, unfortunately, common. However, rather thanwallow in despair about the unpredictable nature of decentralized processes, urban designers must learn to be more effective collaborators,willing participants in true interdisciplinary endeavors, and advocatesfor ideas not always their own, ideas that have the potential
to rally others around higher expectations, not expedient solutions.
Such skills are not always available in a designer’s tool kit.
Some blame the messiness of democratized processes for producing mediocrity.
On the other hand, many can offer examples of substantial benefits to projects as a result of broader community participation.
Then, too, there is that maxim among seasoned urban designers, “To
envision takes talent, to implement takes genius.”

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PREPARETION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STRUCTURAL PLAN

  1. 1. ቀቀቀቀቀ (ቀቀቀቀቀቀቀቀቀ ቀቀቀ (ቀቀቀቀቀቀ ቀቀቀ )) ቀቀቀቀቀ ቀቀቀ December, 2013 ቀቀቀ MUDC, Addis Ababa ቀ /ቀ /ቀ /ቀ /ቀ
  2. 2. Contents of the presentation I. Introduction 1. 2. 3. Background Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia Definition and principles of Structure Plan 2.Phases of Plan Preparation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Initiation and planning program Situational assessment Planning issue identification and prioritization Setting vision, goals and objectives Data collection and compilation Data analysis and interpretation Preparation of conceptual plan Preparation of frame work plan /proposal Plan approval
  3. 3. Contents of the presentation 3.Phases of Plan implementation 1. 2. 3. Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation Feed back
  4. 4. 1.Introduction 1. Background Primary Manual was prepared in September 2006 (by FUPI and Mathewos Consult) Revised in 2012 (by MUDC,UPSBB)  Reason for the revision of the manual   To incorporate changes, in policy/legal frameworks; To improve the contents, comprehensiveness and clarity Purpose of the manual    Guide and handbook Reference and source of information Uniformity and transparent urban planning exercise in the country
  5. 5. 1.Introduction cont’d… Content of the Manual    Introduction (mainly overall purpose, objectives and review of practices, Conceptual framework Steps and procedures (SP Manual detailing 10 phases) Formats and standards How were the Manuals prepared Structure Plan manual have been prepared as a base  lessons learnt from local and international planning practices  Participatory and consultative approach  Expansion, refinement and consolidation of the Draft Manuals (2003 by MFA and 2006 by MUHDC)
  6. 6. 1.Introduction cont’d… Role of NUPI/FUPI/UPCB  1979-1998 preparation different plan/monitoring & evaluation  Lack of capacity, to cover all  About 120 towns (1979-1998)  Currently (1001 cities have plan) after RUPI and private consultants Currently Role of Urban Plan, Sanitation & Beautification Bureau  Capacity Building( training, research and others)  Regulatory(monitoring and evaluation)
  7. 7. 1.Introduction cont’d… 2.Urban Panning approaches adopted in Ethiopia  Previous Planning Practices   Sketch plan and master plan since1936 Master Plans, Detailed Plan  Addis Ababa, 40 Towns (1969), and others  Development plans ( since 1985 )  Structure Plans (since 1999) Addis Ababa and Adama Master Plan Revisions  Integrated Development Planning (IDP) approach (since 2004) Mekelle, Awassa, Dire Dawa, Bahir Dar, Adigrat, Gambela and others  Current Planning Practices  Structure plan, basic plan, LDP and urban design
  8. 8. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia 1st recorded urban planning - made at the end of 19th early 20th centuries after the relives of Addis Ababa as a capital. the Empress Taitu and/or Emperor Minilik settlement plan formal settlement pattern around Filwouha (hot spring) area
  9. 9. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia Le Corbusier 1936 sketch plan of AA Italian master plan Opposed garden city Focused on modern capital Segregated (east for natives west for Europeans Radial urban Frame work not detail
  10. 10. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia •Guidi & valle zoning plan , Italian plan • 1936-41 of sefer system •Partially implemented •Grid iron
  11. 11. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia Sir patric Abercrombie Plan in 1954-56 Also Plan for great London Zoning principle Radial Satellite city Ring road Not effectively implemented
  12. 12. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia  Bolton Henessy and        partners (British consultants) Refine former Abercrombie's Topo map Ring road Green belt Centers Satellite city(gefersa, kolfe, Bole, kotebe) Not successful
  13. 13. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia French L De marien (1965) Special focus to chrchil street Detail urban design exercise Legibility principles
  14. 14. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia  Hungarian professor C.K. Polonyi, (1970 ) mainly focused on the design of Meskel square ( public space) connect (AA to Adama) create development poles
  15. 15. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia  Short comings  Lack of involvement of local experts  Lack of legality  Focused only on physical/spatial  Little or none urban –rural interaction  Not accessible for the public assumed as secret political instrument  Local reality missed  Not respond to dynamic changes  Differs in content, context, time horizon etc)
  16. 16. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia  It was the 1970s ministry of urban development and housing established to guide the development of urban centers  AAMPPO established prepared master plan in 1986
  17. 17. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia 1986 by AAMPO (Ethio-Italian master plan) Establishment of NUPI
  18. 18. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia Current structural plan In in use and revision process
  19. 19. 1. Urban Panning Practices in Ethiopia  As a summary  The involvement of local planners and experts in urban       planning, Multi-professional involvement, The establishment of central urban plan making body in the country,(NUPI) Rectification of the scope and contents of urban plans, Public access for the plans, The shifts in the planning approaches, and then Decentralization of plan making bodies
  20. 20. Master plan vs Structure plan Master plan Structure plan/basic plan past city plan approach Current city plan approach Focusing More physical/spatial aspect Focusing Physical /spatial /socio-economic aspects 20years 10years Rigid /zoning change not possible( wherever plan not addressed the facts /realities Flexible/zoning change possible wherever realities become visible block level details and local roads included Sp Framework/ basic plan detail up to block level participatory planning was considered as simple familiarization of the already finalized urban plans to stakeholders. Highly participatory
  21. 21. 1. Introduction cont’d… 1.Introduction cont’d… Hierarchy of Current Ethiopian Urban Planning System Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 National Urban Development Scheme (NUDS) Regional Urban Development Plan (RUDP) City-Wide Structure Plan (CWSP) Local Development Plan
  22. 22. 1.Introduction cont’d… 3. Definition and principles of Structure Plan  Definition of Structure Plan(UPL)    A binding technical document Institutional and policy framework For guiding the long term development of urban centre/ town/ city/  SP indicate(UPL)   Principal land uses, magnitude & growth direction, Urban redevelopment areas, layout of major physical & social infrastructure etc.  Principles of Structure Plan     Strategic Comprehensiveness and seeks urban rural harmony Flexible Participatory
  23. 23. Phases of Structure Plan Preparation
  24. 24. Structure Plan Process(preparation &implementation Initiation & planning program Preparation stage Situational assessment Planning issue identification and prioritization Setting vision, Goals and objectives Data collection and compilation Planning stage Data analysis and interpretation Preparation of the conceptual plan Preparation of frame work plan Implementation & evaluation stage Plan approval Implementation, monitoring and evaluation
  25. 25. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  26. 26. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  27. 27. Phase I- initiation and planning program 1 Purpose  to determine need for new plan or revision of old plan  Identify prerequisite that should be met before the commencement 2 Tasks  Task 1: Initiation of Planning  Activity 1. Conduct need assessment  Activity 2. Initiate planning  Activity 3. Conduct rapid assessment on data to be collected & analyzed  Activity 4. Decide on the type of planning or revision to adopt  Task 2 : Planning and Programming  Activity 1. Setup Advisory Committees and Public Forum  Advisory Committee  Public Forum  Technical Committee
  28. 28. Phase I- initiation and planning program cont’d… Major Deliverables / Outputs  A resolution to prepare a Structure Plan Established advisory committee, technical committee, public forum Responsible Body  The problem could be initiated by any interested group, or stakeholder, public or otherwise  Municipality, the Regional Urban Development Bureau, City Administration, Federal government  The municipality will be responsible for establishment of committees and the forum
  29. 29. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  30. 30. Phase 2 . Situation Assessment purpose   to assess the contextual setting of a city/ town to obtain preliminary but sufficient background information Task 1 Conduct Situation Assessment  Assessment is done through interviews, brainstorming, rapid assessment of the previous studies & physical assessment Activity 1. Assess and review various issues  Assess the magnitude and direction of growth;  Assess the principal land uses  Assess socio-economic, physical and environmental situations;  Identify housing needs  Review layout and organization of major physical and social infrastructure  Assess urban redevelopment intervention areas Assess urban-urban and urban-rural linkages.
  31. 31. Phase 2 . Situation Assessment  Activity 2. Develop a short summary of concept document as an output.  Task 2 Conduct SWOT Analysis    Activity 1. Internal Origin (leader ship, organizational arrangement, system and procedures, resource) Activity 2 External Origin ( political, economic, social, technological, environmental) Activity 3 Plan of Action (SWOT analysis matrix)
  32. 32. Phase 2 . Situation Assessment Cont’d…  Major Deliverables / Outputs Background information for the identification of planning issues  Short summary of concept document  Responsible body  The planning team or the planning institutions  The local community, stakeholders  Key checkup questions  Is background information for the identification of planning issues identified?  Is the information sufficient?  Was the process participative?
  33. 33. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process phase 3 : Planning Issue Identification & Prioritization Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  34. 34. Phase 3. Planning Issue Identification & Prioritization Purpose  to identify a list of planning issues and select the major priorities/critical problems Task 1: Identification of Planning Issues Steps for identification of planning issues  List problems identified  Discuss with stakeholders for reality  Substantiate identified problems with facts and figures  If possible compare facts and figures with standards,  Identify those problems which are found to be significantly different from the figures with which they are compared  Form a clusters of problems / planning issues by putting similar problems in the same cluster
  35. 35. Phase 3. Planning Issue Identification & Prioritization cont’d… Task 2: Prioritization  Like any decision-making process, prioritization can be done in principle by three different types of approaches: a. by consensus; b. by scoring; and c. by a structured process, based on systematic consideration of various sources of information. Task 3: Detailed analysis of priority issues  Activity 1. Conduct detailed analysis on priority issues  Activity 2. Consolidate the result of the analysis
  36. 36. Phase 3. planning issue identification & prioritization cont’d… Major Deliverables / Outputs  Identified Planning Issues  Prioritized Problems / Priority Issues  Detailed Analysis of Priority Issues Responsible Body  The team leader or project coordinator & the Planning Team  The public forum, stakeholders, local community, advisory committee
  37. 37. Phase 3. planning issue identification & prioritization cont’d… Key Checkup Questions  Are planning & priority issues identified by the public forum?  Are local priority issues identified by the local community?  Is the existing situation clearly defined through detailed analysis?
  38. 38. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Phase 4. Setting Vision, Goals and Objectives Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  39. 39. Phase 4. Setting Vision, Goals and Objectives  Purpose  to set vision, major goals, objectives & formulation of strategies Task 1. setting vision of the city Task 2. setting goals & objectives for the priority issues Task 3. formulation of strategies Task 4. analyzing and deciding on alternatives Task 5. preparation of concept paper & terms of reference  Activity 1. Preparation of terms of reference  Activity 2: Assign task force  for small towns/ for big cities
  40. 40. Phase 4. Setting Vision, Goals and Objectives Major Deliverables  Vision Statement  Established goals for the achievement of the city vision  Established objectives for each goal  Formulated strategies to achieve the goals  Consolidated report/ concept paper  TOR for the preparation of the Structure Plan  Responsible Body  The project team and public forum for setting vision  The project team and relevant experts from the relevant sector office for setting goals and objectives and formulation of strategies  Advisory committee for deciding on vision, goals, objectives and strategies
  41. 41. Phase 4. Setting Vision, Goals and Objectives Key Checkup Questions          Is the vision shared? Do established goals help solve prioritized issues? Are all objectives SMART and in line with the goals and priority issues? Are the strategies enabling to achieve each goal established? Are all strategies in line with the objectives? Was concept paper prepared? Is the Terms of Reference clear and complete? Have the necessary resources been mobilized? Is the required organizational arrangement established?
  42. 42. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  43. 43. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation Purpose  to get adequate data (historical, physical, socio-economic, geology, environmental, spatial data, etc)  Task 1: Determine Data Collection Tools  Activity 1: Determine the type & sources of data to be collected  Activity 2: Determine the method of data collection • Primary data/secondary data:  Activity 3: Prepare data collection formats (check list, structured interview, questionnaire , site observation) Task 2: Data Collection at influence area level  Activity .1: Identification of the Influence  Activity 2: Collect data on Linkage with the influence areas
  44. 44. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Activity 1: Collect Data Related to Social Development Activity 2: Collect Data Related on Economic Aspects Activity 3: Collect Data Related to Physical, and Environmental Aspects ( soil type, contour, wind direction, sun orientation ) Activity 4. Collect Data Related to Drainage System  Collect information on basin/watershed characteristics:  Collect information on open channel flow:  .Collect information on storm drains/ pipe systems  Collect information on flood problems/ damages:  Collect information on bridges and culverts
  45. 45. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Activity 5: Collect Data Related geological aspect  Get geological/ hydrological map at appropriate scales  Geological Structure  Mineral Resources Potential    Natural Earth Construction Materials Water Resources Potential Surface Water sources  Groundwater (Hydrogeology)  Groundwater Quality  Geological Constraints /Hazards   Seismicity: Erosion, Sedimentation and Flooding, land slide etc.
  46. 46. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Activity 8. Data related to Spatial Aspect digital base map 1. Ground surveying 2. Using Existing plan by scanning if any 3. Areal photo(orthophoto) 4. Satellite image
  47. 47. GCP points nail at centre concrete monuments at known places
  48. 48. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Activity 8. Data related to Spatial Aspect I. Collect data on land use Use1:5000 and/or 1:2000 scaled base maps conduct land use inventory on ten major urban functions.(make sure the quality of Base map ) g Ground surveying •Check for GCP points
  49. 49. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Sample GCP point on hill top
  50. 50. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Areal photo Satellite image
  51. 51. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Activity 8. Data related to Spatial Aspect I. Collect data on land use Use1:5000 and/or 1:2000 scaled base maps conduct land use inventory on ten major urban functions.(make sure the quality of Base map ) Base map
  52. 52. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Activity 8. Data related to Spatial Aspect Collect data on land use I. I. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. Conduct inventory on residential housing (pure, mixed) Conduct inventory on land under administration use(city, kebele etc) Conduct inventory on commercial and trade activities (market, different business centers) Conduct inventory on social services ( school, health, religion) Conduct inventory on Manufacturing and Storage (small and large scale, warehouses) Conduct inventory on transport (terminals, bus stations) Conduct inventory on recreation (stadium, playgrounds, open spaces etc)
  53. 53. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level  8 Conduct inventory on urban agriculture 9. Conduct inventory on forest 10 Conduct inventory on special function   Restricted areas: military site and camp, historical and archaeological sites, etc. Reserved area, conservation area, water body, etc.
  54. 54. Data Collection & analysis (cont…) Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Existing land use data collection format Housing pure residence Mixed Business and commerce Manufacturing and storage Service Environment Forest Urban agriculture Open space & recreation Administration transport II I
  55. 55. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d… Task 3: Data Collection at Urban Level Collect data on road system  Using a 1:2000 and/or 1:5000 base maps:     Identify uses, location, condition, distribution, size, hierarchy and material of construction of roads; undertake site observation and point out problems associated with roads and network in the town; Identify pedestrian walkway and bikeway and their characteristics; Collect documents about projects on roads. Activity 7. Data related Historical aspect Activity 6. Collect Data Related to Urban Good Governance
  56. 56. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation Task 4: Discussion at local and city wide Level  Activity 1. Local Level Discussion  Activity 2. Stakeholder Level Discussion  Activity 3. City wide /Municipal Level Discussion Task 5: Data Compilation  Activity 1: Reconcile the data  Activity 2: Compile the data Major Deliverables  Data Collection Formats  Maps containing existing Physical and Spatial features  Compiled Socio-Economic, Physical, Geological, Environmental and Spatial data analysis maps  Reports
  57. 57. Phase 5. Data Collection and Compilation cont’d…  Responsible Body  The project team  Key Checkup Questions  Are the data collection formats clear and ready for use?  Does the collected data cover all dimensions (physical, social, economical, spatial, etc)
  58. 58. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Phase 6. Data Analysis And Interpretation Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  59. 59. Phase 6. Data Analysis And Interpretation Purpose  The purpose of data analysis is to abstract significant facts from the collected mass of data  This step will thus lead to meaningful findings that are ready for recommendations and proposals. Task 1: Determining Tools for Data Analysis  Activity 1. Application of General Tools  Activity 2. Application of Specific Tools
  60. 60. Phase 6. Data Analysis And Interpretation cont’d…  Task 2: Identify Points to be analyzed  Activity 1. Identify Points to be analyzed under Social      Development Issues Activity 2. Identify Points to be analyzed under Economic Development Issues Activity 3. Identify Points to be analyzed under Physical and Environmental , geological Issues Activity 4. Identify points to be analyzed regarding spatial aspects Activity 5. Identify Points to be analyzed Regarding Drainage System Activity 6. Analyze Data Collected from the Influence Area
  61. 61. Phase 6. Data Analysis and Interpretation cont’d…  Task 3: Data Interpretation  Task 4: Detailed analysis and Review of Priority Issues  Major Deliverables  Facts and figures extracted from the socio-economic, physical, geological, environmental and spatial data  Priority Issues & Result of the In-depth Analysis on the Issue  Summary of community and stakeholder-specific priorities.  A consolidated Report on the Result of Analysis
  62. 62. Phase 6. Data Analysis and Interpretation cont’d… Responsible Body  The project team  Advisory Committee  Public forum Key Checkup Questions  Are priority issues analyzed through an in-depth analysis?  Are summary of community and stakeholder specific priorities identified by the team?  Is consolidated report produced?
  63. 63. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Phase 7. Preparation of Concept Plan Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  64. 64. PHASE 7. 7. Preparation CONCEPT PLANPlan Phase PREPARATION OF of Concept Purpose  to prepare a conceptual plan consists, future expansion directions, major land use /zones and other major elements  Task 1: Develop alternative Concept Plans  Prepare different scenarios( say three options)
  65. 65. Phase 7. Preparation of Concept Plan Task 2. Discussion on the alternative Concept Plans  Activity 1. Conduct Discussions  Conduct discussion among project team  Conduct in-house discussion  Conduct discussion with advisory committee  Conduct discussions with the public forum  Record and document events for every discussions  Activity 2. Incorporate Comments
  66. 66. Phase 7. Preparation of Concept Plan cont’d…  Major Deliverables  Conceptual plan that also shows schematic diagram of major zoning at appropriate scale map;  Written illustrations in a more concise and summarized form  Responsible Body  The project team  Key Checkup Questions     Have the major land use elements/ zones considered? Is it in line with the prioritized planning issues, the vision, goals, and objectives? Are the proposals realistic? Is it supported by written illustrations?
  67. 67. Road width standards
  68. 68. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Phase 8. Preparation of a Framework Plan/proposals Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  69. 69. Phase 8. Preparation of a Framework Plan  Purpose  to prepare land use proposal of the structure plan based on spatial inputs  Task 1 Prepare proposals for spatial components of SP       Activity 1. Housing component Activity 2. Centers & market places /Commerce, business & administrative areas Activity 3. Services, community facilities and amenities, special functions, reserved areas, historical sites, archaeological sites Activity 4. Industry, warehouses, depots and workshops Activity 5. Road network, transportation, utilities & infrastructure Activity 6. Environmental sensitive areas (parks, urban agriculture, recreation, mineral resources)  Task 2. Preparation of the Land Use Plan (plans )  Task 3. Preparation of Road Network Plan( plans & sections)  Task 4. Discussion on the Framework Plan
  70. 70. Phase 8. Preparation of A Framework Plan cont’d… Integration of Proposals (cont…) Proposed land use format Scale , northing , legend others, color representation Major land use Color Housing Existing Proposal Business and commerce Manufacturing and storage Service Environment Forest and riverside green Agriculture transport V
  71. 71. Phase 8. Preparation of A Framework Plan cont’d… Integration of Proposals (cont…) 1. Hierarch (width) PAS SAS CS drainage Proposed road net work Scale , northing , legend others, color V representation
  72. 72. Proposals of the Structure Plan Phase 8. Preparation Of A Framework Plan To Fiche ¬ à Ãq Oq T: Ž ¬Ã ™ r H INTOTO GULELE To Debre Berhan WINGATE To Ambo YEKAABADO Spatial Output format for Environmental study Fili Dono MERKATO MEGENAGNA KERANIYO MERI -LUKE The environmental study should indicate the following spatial components: LIDETA AYER TENA YEKABOLE BISRATE GEBRIEL REPI The future forestry and green development area ; BOLEAIRPORT WOCHECHA Major landfill and treatment plant areas( the presence of treatment plant depends on the level of urban center) LAFTO AKAKI KOTARI DERTU GELAN GURA ¬ à ¬ >ü Z LEBU GELAN DERO To Weliso KERSA TULUMETI KALITI KOYE FURI YERE SALEHU AKAKI TULUDEMITU ¬ à ÃoO Á| To Debre Zeit VIII
  73. 73. To Debre Berhan GULELE Proposals of Of Structure Plan (cont…) Phase 8. Preparation the A Framework Plan cont’d… IYO WINGATE Spatial Output format for Social Service study The social service study should indicate the following spatial components: MERKATO MEGENAGNA LIDETA ENA The future social service development area-the type of MERI -LUKE social service varies depending on the level of urban center, however the following components should be indicated YEKA plan: on the spatial BOLE Education facilities; BISRATE GEBRIEL Health facilities; BOLE AIRPORT Public Cemetry Major recreational areas. KOTARI IX
  74. 74. Phase 8. Preparation Of A Framework Plan cont’d… 3. Expansion area 1. Upgrading area 2. Renewal area 1-3 LDP areas
  75. 75. Phase 8. Preparation of a Framework Plan cont’d…  Major Deliverables    Inputs on existing and future requirements of services (physical, economical, social, municipal services) Structure Plan (Proposed Land Uses & Road Network Plan) A consolidated report on the result of proposal phase  Responsible Body  The project/ planning team  Key Checkup Questions     Have all key proposals been made? Are all proposals in line with the priority issues, the vision, goals and objectives? Are the proposals realistic? Is the structure plan complete?
  76. 76. Structure Plan Process (cont…) StructurePlan Process(preparation &implementation Structure Plan Preparation & Implementation Process Phase 9- Plan Approval Continuous process Planning is continuous process
  77. 77. Phase 9- Plan Approval Purpose • • • To evaluate the proposals To publicize the basic plan process and its readiness for implementation To give plans a legal framework.  Task 1. Organize stakeholders participation  Task 2. Undertake appraisal  Task 3. Undertake structure plan approval    Activity 1: Prepare the documents for Approval, Activity 2. Plan approval, Activity 3. Handover the Approved Structure Plan for Implementation
  78. 78. Phase 9- Plan Approval Major Deliverables    Summary of appraisal document, Comments to be incorporated Legal notice for Approval Approved documentation of the plans ( Legally enforcing graphic and text plan documents)
  79. 79. Time Requirement in days for Preparation of Structure Plan
  80. 80. Phase 10- Implementation, monitoring & Evaluation Purpose  To translate plans into visible products on the ground • To check if proposals, principles, norms & standards, and regulations are working appropriately; • To identify the problems and Impacts of the plan • To design corrective measures to be taken for promoting the plan implementation  Task 1. Undertake preparatory works  Activity 1. Conduct Training  Activity 2. Setup appropriate implementation institutions  Task 2. Start implementation work  Activity 1. Prepare LDP, Projects and urban design projects  Activity 2. Avail & refer relevant Regulations, norms & standards Deliverables  Trained staff  Implementation plans, regulations, action plans, etc.  Finalized infrastructures, other structures and services.
  81. 81. Phase 8. Preparation Of A Framework Plan cont’d… 3. Expansion area 1. Upgrading area 2. Renewal area 1-3 LDP areas
  82. 82. Phase 10- Implementation, monitoring & Evaluation  Task1 . Monitoring  Activity 1: Conduct Monitoring  Activity .2: Updating  Activity.3: Amendment/Revision  Task 2. Evaluation  Activity 1: Evaluation
  83. 83. Phase 10- Implementation, monitoring & Evaluation  Monitoring and Evaluation  Formats for Monitoring and Evaluation  Monitoring and evaluation reports  Updated structure plan  Responsible Body Implementation  Municipality/ city council or town administration and plan preparing body:- conduct training  Municipality/ city council or town administration:- Setup appropriate implementation institution  The established implementing institution or department:- prepare LDP and projects for implementation and implementation work  Monitoring and Evaluation   Plan implementing department and city council (Internal): Urban planning regulatory body at regional/ federal level (External):-
  84. 84. Annex I- Norms and Standards  Streets  Terminals  Open Spaces  Density Standards  Standards for Health Services  Standards for education services  Standards for Manufacturing Activities  Standards for warehouses  Standards for slaughterhouses  Main market services and structures standard  Solid waste container provision standard
  85. 85. Annex II: Data collection & Analysis Formats            General Urban Data Educational facilities Health facilities Cultural and recreational facilities Infrastructure, utilities and transportation Open spaces and environmental services Population Household Characteristics Municipal Revenue, Budget and expenditure Institutional Data Urban management, governance legal and regulatory aspects

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