Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Covert Naturalistic Observation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Covert Naturalistic Observation

854

Published on

How can we observe natural behavior if our mere presence affects what people do? Don’t tell them that you’re observing them. Being covert means observing behaviors in their natural contexts without …

How can we observe natural behavior if our mere presence affects what people do? Don’t tell them that you’re observing them. Being covert means observing behaviors in their natural contexts without any intervention or influence by the researcher and without participants knowing that they’re being observed.

Published in: Technology, Sports
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
854
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Jim Ross Design Philadelphia: The Bleeding Edge of Design Research October 16, 2013
  • 2. Covert Naturalistic Observation Jim Ross Design Philadelphia: The Bleeding Edge of Design Research October 16, 2013
  • 3. User research is unnatural. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 4
  • 4. User research is unnatural. Source: Flickr – Thomas Link Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross Source: Flickr – Thomas Link 5
  • 5. User research is unnatural. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 6
  • 6. We get informed consent from participants. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 7
  • 7. But knowing that you’re being observed affects behavior. Source: Flickr – Blue Oxen Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 8
  • 8. Covert naturalistic observation Source: Flickr – Sean Hobson Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 10
  • 9. We usually use overt naturalistic observation. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 11
  • 10. It’s rare that we use covert naturalistic observation. Source: Flickr – James Emery Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 12
  • 11. Who uses covert naturalistic observation? Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 13
  • 12. Who uses covert naturalistic observation? Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 14
  • 13. Who uses covert naturalistic observation? Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 15
  • 14. Covert naturalistic observation
  • 15. It allows you to observe realistic, natural behavior. Source: Flickr – David Hillowitz Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 17
  • 16. Trying to remain covert makes observation more difficult. Source: Flickr – Lars Plougmann Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 18
  • 17. You can’t study interfaces or close up interactions. Source: Flickr – Walter Lim Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 19
  • 18. You can’t ask questions, so you rely on observation only. Source: Flickr – Danielle Scott Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 20
  • 19. Ethical concerns about consent, privacy, and deception Source: Flickr – dustpuppy Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 21
  • 20. Covert naturalistic observation
  • 21. Studying behavior and interactions in a public place Source: Flickr – Drew XXX Source: Flickr – dustpuppy Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 23
  • 22. Covert naturalistic observation
  • 23. 1. Plan what you want to observe. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 25
  • 24. 2. Gather intelligence – do some research on: • • • • The domain User characteristics Tasks and behaviors Existing research Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 26
  • 25. 3. Scope out the location ahead of time: layout, people, activity level. Source: Flickr – Ben Salter Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 27
  • 26. 4. Consider notifying management and security. Source: Flickr – Elvert Barnes Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 28
  • 27. 5. Observe with partners. Source: Flickr – Carey Akin Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 29
  • 28. 6. Observe over several shorter sessions to see: • More people • Different situations • Different time periods Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 30
  • 29. 6. Observe over several shorter sessions to avoid: • Fatigue • Information overload • “Getting caught” Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 31
  • 30. 7. Blend in – dress like everyone else. Source: Flickr – Michael Ocampo Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 32
  • 31. 7. Blend in – do what others are doing. Source: Flickr – James Emery Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 33
  • 32. 7. Blend in – use a mobile device. Source: Flickr – Elvert Barnes Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross Source: Flickr – Elvert Barnes 34
  • 33. 8. Don’t take obvious notes. Source: Flickr – Geek Calendar Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 35
  • 34. 8. Don’t take obvious notes – use a phone or tablet. Source: Flickr – Elvert Barnes Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 36
  • 35. 9. Treat recording as secondary – take photos or video last. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 37
  • 36. 9. Treat recording as secondary – use a phone or tablet. Source: Flickr – Jesus Leon Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 38
  • 37. 9. Treat recording as secondary – don’t record audio. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 39
  • 38. 10. Debrief after each observation session. Source: Flickr – Sean MacEntee Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 40
  • 39. 10. Debrief after each observation session. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 41
  • 40. 11. Do it ethically – observe in public places. Source: Flickr – Dominic Alves Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 42
  • 41. 11. Do it ethically – focus on groups not individuals. Source: Flickr – Alfonso Pierantonio Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 43
  • 42. 11. Do it ethically – protect privacy. Source: Flickr – David Goehring Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 44
  • 43. 11. Do it ethically – don’t deceive. Source: Flickr – Elvert Barnes Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 45
  • 44. 12. Combine it with other methods. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 46
  • 45. Covert naturalistic observation
  • 46.  Overt and covert methods each have advantages and disadvantages. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 48
  • 47.  With understanding of the advantages and disadvantages, we can use overt and covert methods as appropriate to best understand the user experience. Covert Naturalistic Observation - Jim Ross 49
  • 48. Covert naturalistic observation Jim Ross Design Philadelphia: The Bleeding Edge of Design Research October 16, 2013

×