Similarities and Differences between Japan and Philippine Cultures


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Similarities and Differences between Japan and Philippine Cultures

  1. 1. J A PA N
  3. 3. GREETINGS The Japanese are very aware of Western habits, and will often greet you with a handshake. •Handshakes tend to be weak; this gives noindication of their assertiveness of character.
  4. 4. G U Good Morning. Tadaima.R S Ohayou. Im back (home).E E おはよう。E D Good Afternoon. Ittekimasu.T D Konnichiwa. Im leaving.I A こんにちは。N I Good evening.G L Konbanwa. Y こんばんは。S
  5. 5. SG P Congratulations. U E Omedetou gozaimasu.R C S I おめでとうございます。E A E L Omedetou. (casual)E DT O C Happy Birthday.I O C A O-tanjoubi omedetou gozaimasu.N N S (formal) IG O お誕生日おめでとうございます。 N Tanjoubi omedetou. (casual)S S
  6. 6. When greeting someone, Japanese people tend to attach“HONORIFICS” to the names of the other person they’re talking to. SanThis is the most common honorific used usually between peoplewith the same age because this is a gender-neutral honorific Chan•Used when you find someone endearing•Can also be used to address babies, young children, grandparentsand teenage girls•May also be used towards cute animals, lovers, close friends, anyyouthful woman, or even between friends
  7. 7. Kun•Used by anyone referring to a male children or a male teenager•Can also be used by females when addressing a male that theyare emotionally attached to or have known for a long period oftime Sama•A more respectful version of –san•Used mainly to refer to people much higher in rank than oneself,toward ones customers, and sometimes toward people onegreatly admires•When used to refer to oneself, sama expresses extremearrogance
  8. 8. If someone bows to greet you, observe carefully. Bow to the same depth as you have been bowed to.As you bow lower your eyes. Keep your palms flat against your thighs.
  9. 9. Differences in GREETINGSJapanese Filipino• Japanese usually bows to • close female friends may hug and kiss(“beso-beso”) when they their elders greet while close male friends may hug each other and tap their• They call others with their backs or just by a handshake last name. • -Filipinos do not bow when greeting someone. They smile at other people whenever they greet them • -Filipinos used Mr. , Ms. , or Mrs. + their name or surname in addressing someone until they are allowed to call them by their name or nickname.
  10. 10. Similarities Japanese and Filipino•Presentation; making the food look beautifuland appealing to the eye although Filipinos onlydo this during special occasions.•Breakfast is considered the most importantmeal of the day•They both prefer eating rice three times a day•Japanese and Filipinos both have theirsuperstitions regarding the use of their eatingutensils.
  11. 11. Differences in DIETJapanese Filipino•A major factor of the •Filipinos eat as many as theyJapanese way of eating is to until 80% full. •Filipinos use spoon and fork•Japanese people use for eating because it is thechopsticks because it is most convenient way of eatingconsidered more for Southeast Asianslacquerware friendly than •They usually have sweets forother sharp eating utensils. their dessert.•They prefer fruits as theirdessert.
  12. 12. DATING
  13. 13. DATING GOUKON/KOMPA Group dating •This will be organized so that you (usually) pay a set amount and then go to a restaurant with a friend or two of the same sex. •Everyone there will be “the friend of a friend …” •You all eat together then after you may go sing karaoke •Gathering for a drinking partyIf you make a fist and hold up your pinky finger, well in Japan, this meansgirlfriend.
  14. 14. DATING BETSU BETSU•It is quite common in Japan that after a datethe bill will be split – so you each pay for half.•You can ask for separate bills by saying(betsu-betsu).•It is unlikely a Japanese man will pay for theentire date; rather he will pay for his half. Onthe upside he may bring you presents.
  15. 15. Valentine’s DayFebruary 14
  16. 16. White DayMarch 14
  17. 17. DifferencesJapanese Filipino• Valentines Day and White • Valentines Day Day • Double date or gathering• They have group dates • During new year, the couple (Goukon) would visit each others• During new year, they go to shrines, and girls go with families and eat with them. their kimonos. • Usually at the mall, watch a• Usually at the amusement movie parks • The guy would pay for the• The couple would split the date. bill.
  18. 18. MARRIAGE
  19. 19. MARRIAGETraditionally, the religious wedding ceremony is heldin Shinto style at a shrine.A Shinto priest conducts the ceremony.In the ceremony, the couple is purified, drinks sake,and the groom reads the words of commitment.At the end of the ceremony, symbolic offerings aregiven to the kami.
  20. 20. Hakama Kimono
  21. 21. “San-san-kudo” is aceremony of three-times-three exchange of nuptialcups. A bride, a groom, and closerelatives of the both offamilies drink “Sake” tosignify their union. There is one girl who followsthe groom and bride inShinto wedding. She is called“Miko,” who dresses redand white special cloth andserves “Sake” in part of thewedding ceremonyIn Japan, spring and autumn areconsidered the best seasons of marriage
  22. 22. Under the feudal system, Japanese marriages were often used as political anddiplomatic means to maintainpeace and unity among feudal lords. A matchmaker “nakodo” would arrange marriages on behalf of both families.
  23. 23. During the era of •If the young woman’saristocracy, “Muko-iri,” parents approve of theirwhich was that the union, the young mangroom married into the would be invited to a ceremony termed “tokoro-bride’s family arawashi” and offered•A young man had more “mochi" rice cakes”say in choosing his ownbride•A young man wouldtypically visit the younglady of his choice at herhome.
  24. 24. DifferencesJapanese Filipino• They wear a kimono and a • They wear a white gown hakama. and a suit.• The Miko helps the bride. • The bridesmaid helps the bride.• They have a tea ceremony. • There are doves and a• The wedding place is the bouquet of flowers. shrine. • The wedding place is the• The Shinto Priest conducts church. the ceremony. • The Christian Priest conducts the ceremony.
  25. 25. ARIGATOU!!
  26. 26. References: