What is globalization?What are the economic manifestations of             globalization?Increasing interdependence and co...
What is globalization? What are the political manifestations of             globalization?Increasing interdependence and ...
What is globalization?What are the social/cultural manifestations            of globalization?Increasing interdependence ...
Explain: Globalization is both a positive and negative phenomenon         POSITIVE                           NEGATIVE• Wor...
What is a state? What are the elements              of the state? State is the legal authority composed of different nati...
Discuss the three basic elements ofreaslism: Statism, Survival, Self-help                  STATISM sovereign states are th...
Explain the consequences/s of internationalanarchy: Security Dilemma and Balance of                  PowerBALANCE OF   SEC...
Compare realism and liberalism in  terms of Key actors, Key concerns, Approach to peace and Global outlook              Re...
Differentiate relative gains and               absolute gains  RELATIVE GAINS            ABSOLUTE GAINS• Zero sum- my gain...
Pick one variant of Liberalism and             explainLIBERAL INTERNATIONALISMIDEALISMLIBERAL INSTITUTIONALISMNEO LIBE...
What is the Democratic Peace Treaty?   Liberal states will not go to war       with other liberal states.   Liberal states...
Explain why the Peace of Westphalia of  1648 was the turning point in the  history of International Relations  Ended the ...
Explain how the following are thecauses of World War I : Nationalism     and the Rise of GermanyAssassination of Archduke...
Explain how the following are the causes of   World War II: the harsh terms of theVersailles Treaty and German expansionis...
What accounts for the weakness of the          League of Nations?Explain how the League of Nations failed        to preven...
Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbour?  It was a surprise attack  Principal American Naval Base in  the Pacific  Only chan...
Differentiate collective security from     military alliance. Give examples.    COLLECTIVE                     MILLITARY  ...
Discuss the three explanations for the  start of Cold War: Traditionalist,    Revisionist, Post-revisionistTraditionalist...
Discuss the significance of the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis (détente and               MAD) Closest confrontation Détente ...
Pick two explanations for the end of the        Cold War and explainImpact of Gorbachev’s reform process  Perestoika (sl...
Pick two explanations for the end of the        Cold War and explainThe structural weakness  Economic weakness    Centr...
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Introduction to Global Society

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The Globalization of World Politics
Baylis and Smith

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Introduction to Global Society

  1. 1. What is globalization?What are the economic manifestations of globalization?Increasing interdependence and communicationShared experiences and common social issuesAims to remove boardersInternational trade and finance Open doors to free trade (trade without barriers)Multinational corporations (MNC) and ForeignDirect Investments (FDI)
  2. 2. What is globalization? What are the political manifestations of globalization?Increasing interdependence and communicationShared experiences and common social issuesAims to remove boardersGlobalization questions the state-centric conception ofworld politicsState is the legal authority composed of different nations(West-phalia,1648)Elements of State (Sovereignty, Territory, People,Government)Nation involves the people who have the same heritage orculture
  3. 3. What is globalization?What are the social/cultural manifestations of globalization?Increasing interdependence and communicationShared experiences and common social issuesAims to remove boardersMigrationCNNization reflecting new agencies Competitors extend their reach Dilemma is biased on world affairsGlobalization of popular culture
  4. 4. Explain: Globalization is both a positive and negative phenomenon POSITIVE NEGATIVE• World economy is • Asymmetrical globalization interdependent technological divide (New• Communications have York to Africa) fundamentally revolutionalized • Rise of Intra-state wars the way we deal with the world conflict within state borders• Global culture so that more • New face of capitalism? (Tool urban areas resemble one of American Hegemony) another• The world is becoming homogeneous cosmopolitan culture is developing (People are beginning to think globally)
  5. 5. What is a state? What are the elements of the state? State is the legal authority composed of different nations Elements of State (Sovereignty, Territory, People, Government)
  6. 6. Discuss the three basic elements ofreaslism: Statism, Survival, Self-help STATISM sovereign states are the primary actors SURVIVALthe pre-condition for attaining all other goals SELF-HELP No other state can be relied on
  7. 7. Explain the consequences/s of internationalanarchy: Security Dilemma and Balance of PowerBALANCE OF SECURITY DILEMMA POWER • Anarchic system, • Building alliances in weakens trust and result of a rising hegemon makes states hesistant • Powerful states will to interact with one prosper another • In any case that the • Insecurities on the hegemon would development of others invade, there are allies • Wants more power
  8. 8. Compare realism and liberalism in terms of Key actors, Key concerns, Approach to peace and Global outlook Realism LiberalismKey Actors States States, International InstitutionsKey War and security Institutionalized peaceConcernsApproach to Protect sovereign autonomy Institutional regimesPeace Military preparedness & through democratization alliances Open marketsGlobal Pessimistic (Negative) Optimistic (Positive)Outlook Great powers are locked in Cooperative view of relentless and security human nature
  9. 9. Differentiate relative gains and absolute gains RELATIVE GAINS ABSOLUTE GAINS• Zero sum- my gain is • As long as both states your loss gain regardless of how• One state can only get much they gain richer with the loss of • Total effect of decision other states • Will engage in• Individuals gains in comparative and expand respect to others • Country can produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than a competitor
  10. 10. Pick one variant of Liberalism and explainLIBERAL INTERNATIONALISMIDEALISMLIBERAL INSTITUTIONALISMNEO LIBERAL INTERNATIONALISMNEO IDEALISMNEOLIBERAL INSTITUTIONALISM
  11. 11. What is the Democratic Peace Treaty? Liberal states will not go to war with other liberal states. Liberal states will go to war with non-liberal states
  12. 12. Explain why the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 was the turning point in the history of International Relations Ended the 30years war 2principles was established Sovereignty Collective security
  13. 13. Explain how the following are thecauses of World War I : Nationalism and the Rise of GermanyAssassination of Archduke FranzFerdinandMinority Groups demand independenceGermany feared encirclementImperialism bid for power reflected in thedesires for colonies
  14. 14. Explain how the following are the causes of World War II: the harsh terms of theVersailles Treaty and German expansionism Germany angered over war guilt clause Sought to restore Germany to its original boarders Fascism - Totalitarian philosophy ( glorifies the state and nation, and assigns to the state and nation every aspect of nation life)
  15. 15. What accounts for the weakness of the League of Nations?Explain how the League of Nations failed to prevent World War II The US did not join the league Adopted a policy of appeasement Giving concessions to an agressor
  16. 16. Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbour? It was a surprise attack Principal American Naval Base in the Pacific Only chance to avoid total defeat was to launch a pre-emptive strike against the US Naval Forces
  17. 17. Differentiate collective security from military alliance. Give examples. COLLECTIVE MILLITARY SECURITY ALLIANCE• Peace is universal • Agreement between 2 or• More permanent(exist more military forces even without war) • Related to war time• Agree not to attack each • Can be both offensive and other and defend defensive• Attack against one is an • Help support military attack for all • Only exist in war time• League of Nations, • Allies, Axis, Central United Nations
  18. 18. Discuss the three explanations for the start of Cold War: Traditionalist, Revisionist, Post-revisionistTraditionalist – USSR’s fault, they wanted to extend eastwardcovering Eastern Europe and eventually hear the US. The US wasalarmed and only moved for defense. USSR expand communismRevisionist – US fault, they were being aggressive rather thandefensive. They treated USSR expansions were agressive. Polandbeing or buffer zone. Russia was only defensive. US to expandmarketPost-revisionist – Neither the superpowers fault.Misunderstanding, US interest, concerns in helping European Alliesafter the war
  19. 19. Discuss the significance of the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis (détente and MAD) Closest confrontation Détente (loosening, relaxation of tension between previously antagonistic by MAD) A condition in which a nuclear attack by other state would only be measured
  20. 20. Pick two explanations for the end of the Cold War and explainImpact of Gorbachev’s reform process Perestoika (slogan) Introduction of elements of market and private ownership Glasnost (slogan) Freedom, political openness New approach to relations with US and USSR Abandonment of Brezhner Doctrine and replacement of Sinatra Doctrine allowing Europe to do it their way meant that Gorbachev, USSR refused this intervene
  21. 21. Pick two explanations for the end of the Cold War and explainThe structural weakness Economic weakness Central planned economies became less effective than capitalist economies in delivering general prosperity and production modern consumer goods Political Weakness Communist regions structurally unresponsive to pressure Absence of competitors elections, free and man

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