Related Literature and Studies


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Related Literature and Studies

  1. 1. GROUP III
  2. 2. Related literature is composed of discussions of facts and principles to which the present study is related. The materials are usually printed and found in books, encyclopedias, professional journals, magazines, newspapers, and other publications.
  3. 3. Reviewed literature and studies help or guide the researcher in the following ways:  Help or guide the researcher in searching for or selecting a better research problem or topic.  Help the investigator understand his topic for research better.  Ensure that there will be no duplication of other studies.
  4. 4.  Help and guide the researcher in locating more sources of related information.  Help and guide the researcher in making his research design especially in a. The formulation of specific questions to be researched on; b. The formulation of assumptions and hypotheses if there should be any; c. The formulation of conceptual framework; d. The selection and application of the methods of research; e. The selection and application of sampling technique; f. The selection and/ or preparation and validation of research instruments for gathering data;
  5. 5. g. The selection and application of statistical procedures; h. The analysis, organization, presentation, and interpretation of data; i. The making of the summary of findings, conclusions, and recommendations; and  Help and guide the researcher in making comparison between his findings with the findings of other researchers on similar studies with the end in view of formulating generalizations or principles which are the contributions of the study to the fund of knowledge.
  6. 6.  The surveyed materials must be as recent as possible Exceptions: A. Treatises that deal on universals or things of more or less permanent nature may still be good today. B. When a comparison or contrast is to be made between the conditions of today and those of a remote past, say ten or twenty years ago.
  7. 7.  Materials reviewed must be objective and unbiased.  Materials surveyed must be relevant to the study.  Surveyed materials must have been based upon genuinely original and true facts or data to make valid and reliable.  Reviewed materials must not be too few or too many.
  8. 8.  Literature reviewed typically includes scholarly journals, scholarly books, authoritative databases and primary sources. Sometimes it includes newspapers, magazines, other books, films, and audio and video tapes, and other secondary sources.
  9. 9. are the origin of information under study, fundamental documents relating to a particular subject or idea. Often they are first hand accounts written by a witness or researcher at the time of an event or discovery. E.g. published books, magazines, encyclopedias, almanacs and etc.
  10. 10. are documents or recordings that relate to or discuss information originally presented elsewhere. E.g. Information from the internet, unpublished thesis and dissertations
  11. 11. Generally, the sources of related literature and studies are located in the following places:  Libraries, either government, school, or private libraries.  Government and private offices.  The National Library.  The library of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports. The last two are especially rich depositories of related materials, particularly unpublished master’s thesis and doctoral dissertations.
  12. 12. Related – means the legal bases, literature and studies which have direct bearing or relation to the present study. It determine the relevance of the study to the government’s thrusts. The major sources of related legal bases are laws and department directives such as circulars, orders, memoranda, and others which are related to the present study.
  13. 13. Literature may be defined as “Written works collectively, especially, those enduring importance, exhibiting creative imagination and artistic skill which in a particular period, language and subject”. E.g. The works of Paulo Coelho, Jane Austen, and Tom Clancy
  14. 14.  Published and unpublished research studies are sources of materials that are included in this section. The research studies which have direct bearing to the present study are segregated into foreign and local studies.
  15. 15. Conceptual – also known as constitutive, is that which is given in dictionaries. It is the academic or universal meaning attributed to a word or group of works. Moreover, it is mostly abstract and formal in nature.
  16. 16. Operational – also known as functional. Operational definition may be measured and experimental. The measured operational definition states the way the concept is measured in the investigation. In an experimental operational definition the researcher may spell out the details of the manipulation of a variable.