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Green IT - Beyond Just Saving Electricity
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Transcript of "Green IT - Beyond Just Saving Electricity"
1. Green IT: Beyond Just Saving Electricity Andres Carvallo, CIO Austin Energy April, 2007 © 2007 Austin Energy 1 All Rights Reserved
© 2007 Austin Energy 2 All Rights Reserved
About Austin Energy • 10th largest public power utility in the USA • Over $1.2 billion in annual revenues • Servicing 400,000 premises representing around 41,000 businesses and 1 million consumers • Leader in conservation and renewable energy • Leader in the use and management of distributed generation • Leader in using the best IT solutions to deliver a fully-integrated and self-healing utility © 2007 Austin Energy 3 All Rights Reserved
The Future Utility © 2007 Austin Energy 4 All Rights Reserved
Service Oriented Architecture Corporate Legal Regulatory Affairs Budgeting and Accounting Human Resources EH&S Financial Management DSM Treasury Management Executive Dashboard / Portals / Web Services Risk Management Controlling Asset Management Regulatory Accounting Workflow / Business Intelligence / DWs / DBs Contract Management Purchasing GenCo RepCo TransCo & DisCo EMS / SCADA QSE Load Balancing Distribution Automation Distributed Control Sys Energy Trading Emissions Mgmt Sys Call Center CRM / CIS / Billing Lab Mgmt Sys Metering Materials Mgmt / Asset Mgmt / Facilities Mgmt / GIS Clean Energy Programs Value-Added Services CAD / CAE Applications and Tools Work Management Portfolio Management / Project Management PDAs / Smartphones / PCs / Servers / IT Management System / Email / MS Office / App Servers Voice and Data Networks (Wired / Wireless) © 2007 Austin Energy 5 All Rights Reserved
Intelligent Utility Network Industrial Customer Generation Fleet Residential Customer Transmission System Distribution Substation “On-Demand” Response Transmission Distribution Substation System Information Bus Energy Bus Distribution Pervasive/Wireless Bus Control Center Embedded Line/Premise Mobile Field Sensors ISO/RTO Force Electric/Gas/Water Meters Embedded Asset Sensors © 2007 Austin Energy 6 All Rights Reserved
Information Dashboards © 2007 Austin Energy 7 All Rights Reserved
Intelligent Support Combined NOC and SOC into one. Moved support staff for Clients, Servers, Apps, Databases and Networks to one site. © 2007 Austin Energy 8 All Rights Reserved
© 2007 Austin Energy 9 All Rights Reserved
The World Has Problems 1. The avg. American use of transportation and electricity releases 10 metric tons of CO 2 per year. 2. The goods and services that the avg. American consumes create 14 metric tons of CO 2 per year. 3. South Asia is covered with a 2 mile thick toxic cloud that kills 500,000 people a year in India alone. 4. China generated 1.3 billion metric tons of trash in 2005. 5. 1 out of 5 people lack access to clean drinking water. 6. There are 300 million cases of malaria per year – 90% of them in Africa. 7. By 2050 the melting of the poles will raise the sea level 23 feet impacting our coast lines. 8. By 2048 most fish species availability will decline over 50%. 9. $26 billion were spent in cooling and powering servers worldwide in 2005. Equivalent to being the 75th country in the world out of 183 countries. © 2007 Austin Energy 10 All Rights Reserved
© 2007 Austin Energy 11 All Rights Reserved
US Data Center Energy Growth 1. 1.2 % of electrical power is used by all TV sets 2. 1.2 % of electrical power is used by the state of Mississippi 3. 1.5 % of electrical power is used by all data centers 4. 3.5 % of electrical power to be used by all data center by 2012 5. 12 billion kilowatt hours were used by all data centers in 2000 6. 23 billion kilowatt hours were used by all data center in 2005 7. The energy required to power and cool $1,000 worth of servers grew from 8 watts in 2000 to 109 watts in 2006. By © 2007 Austin Energy 12 All Rights Reserved
© 2007 Austin Energy 13 All Rights Reserved
IT at Austin Energy • 100 projects per year • 400,000 meters, 5,000 IDEs, 150 enterprise apps, 300 servers, 1500 PCs/laptops, 600 phones, 200 pagers • Monitoring of 140,000 devices in real-time • 2 data networks, 1 voice network, 3 wireless networks • Over 260,000 calls per year • 10 terabytes of real-time data per week • 5 terabytes of security files per month • 500k billing transactions per month • $1 billion in hedging transactions per year • 4 million data transactions per week • $3.5 billion in assets © 2007 Austin Energy 14 All Rights Reserved
Typical Data Center © 2007 Austin Energy 15 All Rights Reserved
How to solve this challenge? 1. Buy 100% Green Energy first • Austin Energy #1 Green Energy Program in the US 2. Buy more efficient servers with new CPU technology • IBM, Dell, HP, Sun, Azul Systems, others 3. Temperature and Control Sensors • APC, Site Controls, others 4. Virtualization • VMWare, Altiris, AppStream, Microsoft, Ardence, IBM, Wyse Technology, Tadpole, others 5. Data Center Upgrades/Redesign • IBM, Sun, EMC, HP, others 6. Information Life-cycle Management / ITIL • IBM, CA, HP, BMC, Sun, others 7. De-duplication and Compression • Avamar/EMC, ExaGrid, Asigra, others 8. Centralized DC Power Systems • APC, others © 2007 Austin Energy 16 All Rights Reserved
© 2007 Austin Energy 17 All Rights Reserved
Austin attacks Global Warming • Power All City of Austin facilities with 100% green power by 2012 • Make entire City of Austin fleet carbon- neutral by 2020 • Offset need for 700 MW power plant via energy efficiency by 2020 • Meet 30% of Austin power needs with renewable energy by 2020 © 2007 Austin Energy 18 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Residential Rebates • Home Performance with ENERGY STAR® – up to $1400 in rebates for air conditioning, attic insulation, solar screens, caulking and weatherstripping. Bonus rebates up to $550. • Air Conditioner – replace air conditioner, window unit, heat pump or water heater • Solar PV Systems – purchase and install solar photovoltaic electric systems • Solar Water Heater – install a cost-effective alternative to conventional heating © 2007 Austin Energy 19 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Commercial Rebates • Commercial Energy Management Program Overview – small and large customers; rebates up to $100,000 • Small Business – rebates and incentives for small-to-midsize and not-for- profit businesses • SmartVendor - power management of cold beverage and snack vending machines • Power Partner - free programmable thermostat • Solar PV Systems - purchase and install solar electric power systems • Solar Water Heater – install a cost-effective alternative to conventional heating • Thermal Energy Storage - financial incentives to offset your initial investments in Feasibility Studies and project implementation • Load Cooperative Program - cash incentive for curtailing unnecessary load during certain peak demand periods • Building Tune-Up Program - AE-funded buy-down for implementing the Continuous Commissioning® program • Multi-Family Properties - weatherization improvements for apartment and other multi-family complexes © 2007 Austin Energy 20 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Residential Loans • Home Performance with ENERGY STAR® – home weatherization and air conditioning improvements • Solar Loan - purchase and install solar electric power systems Commercial Loans • Commercial Energy – 0% financing for lighting upgrades © 2007 Austin Energy 21 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Power Partner Program - Free Thermostat • What it Means to Be a Power Partner Managing peak demand helps delay the need to build new expensive power plants. This helps keep electric rates lower. As a Power Partner, we provide you with a free programmable thermostat plus free installation and warranty (valued at $200-$280). You agree to allow us to cycle off your air conditioner briefly during peak demand -- when demand for electricity is at its highest. • Cycling Off Keeps Electricity Demand Level Cycling off only occurs the few days each summer when both the demand for electricity and our load are the highest. The cycling is similar to an air conditioner's normal cycle and is not noticeable. The purpose of cycling is to synchronize air conditioners so they take turns cycling on - keeping the electric demand level. • Cycling Off Timeline (only occurs when demand and load are highest) June - September4:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. Excludes Holidays and Weekends. Happens for No More than 10 Minutes Every Half Hour. © 2007 Austin Energy 22 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Energy Miser Products • The VendingMiser®, CoolerMiser™, and SnackMiser™ family of products are a breakthrough in the power management of cold beverage and snack vending machines. • Energy Miser products can reduce the electricity use of cold drink vending machines and reach-in coolers by up to 40% and save your business over $100 in electricity costs per vending machine annually. Energy-saving devices that reduce the electricity use of non-refrigerated snack machines by 80% are also available. • Let Austin Energy provide you with these free, energy-saving devices, complete with free installation - a $200 value! • VendingMiser® is an amazing product that will reduce the power consumption of a cold drink vending machine by an average of 46% with no impact on sales or drinks. Examine the details of this exciting product. More >> • CoolerMiser™, a new addition to the Miser family, controls glass-front coolers that contain non-perishable goods. Machines suitable for control by CoolerMiser typically have glass sliding doors or pull-open doors. CoolerMiser can operate stand alone or it can be a perfect companion to the powerful VendingMiser. More >> • SnackMiser™ reduces the amount of electricity used by non-refrigerated snack vending machines. SnackMiser can stand alone or when your snack machine is located in a vending area of a hotel, dorm or company break area, it can be a perfect companion to the powerful VendingMiser. © 2007 Austin Energy 23 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Refrigerator Recycling Program The refrigerator and freezer recycling program offers a cash incentive, free pick-up and environmentally-friendly disposal of your old appliance. The unit must be in working (cooling) condition. Turn in an old refrigerator or freezer to receive: $50 per unit for single-family home customers $35 per unit for apartment communities with four or more dwellings © 2007 Austin Energy 24 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • Green Building Program® The #1 Green Building Program in America Whatever your style or budget, you can enjoy and share the benefits of a green building. In Your Home or Workplace Through consulting, resources, and education, the Green Building Program can help you build a more environmentally-sound home or workplace. For Beginners or Professionals Whether you're a homeowner interested in our Green By Design Workshop or a building professional seeking to rate a project, we have information to help you design and build with health, energy-efficiency, and the environment in mind. Be sure to check out our searchable online directory of local green building professionals. Top in the Nation We're the most successful utility-sponsored sustainable building program in the nation! PBS' This Old House showcases Austin's Green Building Program © 2007 Austin Energy 25 All Rights Reserved
Energy Efficiency Programs • GreenChoice® The #1 Green Power Program in America GreenChoice offers the option to choose your electricity from clean, renewable sources. • This Austin Energy initiative is the most successful utility- sponsored green power program in the nation with 665 million kWh in subscriptions. • Program Fully-Subscribed Thank you, Austin Energy customers, for making the GreenChoice® Program the #1 program in the nation for four years running! • Recently, Mayor Wynn announced a new Climate Protection Plan for the City of Austin. As part of this plan, Austin Energy has a new goal: 30% of our electric supply will be provided from renewable generation sources by 2020. © 2007 Austin Energy 26 All Rights Reserved
What can a person do today to help? • Consider these facts... – There are over 232 million registered vehicles in the U.S. That's almost a car per person! – 88% of Americans drive to work. – U.S. cars and light trucks traveled 2.7 trillion miles in 2005. That's equal to 10 million trips from the earth to the moon. – The average U.S. car uses 600 gallons of gasoline a year. • So what can us average Citizens of the Earth do to curb the pollution created by cars??? Here are some 'tips for driving' to cut global warming pollution from the Environmental Defense Fund: – Lighten up! Carrying around an extra 100 pounds in your car reduces your fuel economy by up to two percent. Take with you only what you need and be sure to place luggage inside instead of in the trunk or on the roof to minimize drag and maximize your mileage. – Take it easy. Nine out of 10 doctors and engineers agree—aggressive driving wastes fuel, not to mention increases stress and accidents! Rapid acceleration and braking reduces gas mileage and can burn an extra 125 gallons of gas per year. Even if the person driving in front of you hasn't seen our tips list, hold your horsepower and keep your cool. – Keep it slow. In highway travel, exceeding the speed limit by a mere five mph results is an average fuel economy loss of six percent. You're not on the NASCAR circuit. This is commuting, not racing. – Don't be an American idle. Idling for more than 10 seconds uses more gas and emits more global warming pollution than restarting your car! Also, the best way to warm up a car in winter months is to drive it. When the temperature is below freezing, give it 30 seconds—that's all you need. – Hot fun in the summer time. Air conditioning can decrease your fuel efficiency by as much as 12 percent in stop-and-go traffic, so consider cracking the windows. But at high speeds, driving with the windows open can decrease the overall efficiency of the vehicle. At higher speeds, you can use the vents to get a good air flow. On the hottest days keep your AC on low. © 2007 Austin Energy 27 All Rights Reserved
What can a person do today to help? • It's in the shop—car maintenance tips – Don't be tune deaf. Keeping your engine properly tuned can save you up to 165 gallons of gas per year. Checking spark plugs, oxygen sensors, air filters, hoses and belts are a few examples of maintenance that can result in potential savings of over $400. (Energy Information Administration's U.S. Retail Gasoline Prices) – Keep up the pressure. Low tire pressure wastes over two million gallons of gasoline in the United States— every day! Save about a tank of gas a year by keeping your tires properly inflated. And make sure to have your tires correctly aligned to maximize fuel economy. – Go grease lightning. Thicker-than-required oil will reduce your gas mileage because it takes more energy to push through thick oil than it does through thinner oil. Check your owner's manual for the recommended viscosity, and ask for it specifically when you get your oil changed. • Failing to plan is planning to fail—other tips for everyday drivers – Combine trips. Cutting a 20 mile trip out of your schedule each week can reduce your global warming pollution by more than 1,200 pounds a year and save you over $100 in gas expenses. – Share a ride. Carpool and use public transportation when possible. If you share rides and use other means to get to work, you'll save yourself money, reduce congestion on the roads and cut your global warming pollution. – Just park it. And keep it there. If you’re going to several stores in the same strip mall, don’t move your car. Walk. – Gotta wear shades. In summer, park in the shade. Use windshield shades to keep summer heat from baking your car and to help keep frost away in the winter. – Move your feet. Walk, ride a bike or take the train when your car isn’t needed. – Avoid the rush. Plan trips during off hours when fewer cars are clogging the roads. – Wholesale sales. Buy in bulk when shopping, instead of making frequent smaller trips. – Spread the word. Be an ambassador for the Earth by sharing these tips with family and friends. © 2007 Austin Energy 28 All Rights Reserved
Links • CleanTech Forum http://www.cleantech.com/ • The Green Grid http://www.thegreengrid.org/index.html • Clean Energy Incubator http://www.cleanenergyventuresummit.co m/ • Center for Commercialization of Electric Technologies http://www.electrictechnologycenter.com/ © 2007 Austin Energy 29 All Rights Reserved
Any Questions??? Andres.email@example.com http://ciomaster.blogspot.com/ Tel. (512) 322-6401 © 2007 Austin Energy 30 All Rights Reserved