Hidden Costs: Product Selection with Life Cycle Assessment in Mind
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Hidden Costs: Product Selection with Life Cycle Assessment in Mind

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The presentation takes a look at how Life Cycle Assessment can be used in product selection in the building and interior design industries.

The presentation takes a look at how Life Cycle Assessment can be used in product selection in the building and interior design industries.

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Hidden Costs: Product Selection with Life Cycle Assessment in Mind Hidden Costs: Product Selection with Life Cycle Assessment in Mind Presentation Transcript

  • HIDDEN COSTS:Product Selection with LifeCycle Assessment in Mind June 15, 2011
  • Allison Beer McKenzie, AIA, LEED AP Associate Architect Director of Sustainability Carrie Malatesta, IIDA, LEED AP Associate Senior Interior DesignerIntroductions 3
  • Learning Objectives• Distinguish between LCA and LCCA• Appraise the tools and techniques available for LCA/LCCA• Explore product certifications that use LCA/LCCA• Assess current examples of LCA/LCCA in the interior design industry• Apply LCA/LCCA to our own product selection processes 4
  • 1.0LCCA and LCA Defined 5
  • Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA): An assessment of the total cost of owning a product over its lifetime.1.0 6
  • Purchase InstallationLCCA Cycle1.0 7
  • Purchase Installation Operations Maintenance RepairLCCA Cycle1.0 8
  • Purchase Installation Disposal Operations Maintenance RepairLCCA Cycle1.0 9
  • Life Cycle Assessment or Analysis (LCA): An assessment of the environmental impacts associated with all stages of a product’s life and death (or rebirth)1.0 10
  • Extraction HarvestLCA Cycle1.0 11
  • Extraction Harvest Manufacturing Transportation InstallationLCA Cycle1.0 12
  • Extraction Harvest Manufacturing Transportation Installation Operations MaintenanceLCA Cycle1.0 13
  • Extraction Harvest Disposal Reuse Recycling Manufacturing Transportation Installation Operations MaintenanceLCA Cycle1.0 14
  • LCA Considerations: • Fossil Fuel Depletion • Toxin Release • Non-Renewable Resources • Ozone Depletion/Creation • Water Use • Nutrification/Eutrofication • Acidification • Embodied Energy1.0 15
  • Cradle to Gate Cradle to Death Or Cradle to CradleLCA Cycle1.0 16
  • 2.0LCA Tools and Techniques 17
  • ISO 14040 Series Standards: • Set standards and criteria for creating reliable Life Cycle Assessments • Aim to establish usable metrics2.0 18
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: • Many environmental product certifications use the guidelines established in the ISO 14020 series • These standards set the criteria for environmental labels and declarations2.0 19
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: Type 1: multi-attribute label developed by a third party2.0 20
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: Type 1: multi-attribute label developed by a third party Type 2: single-attribute label developed by the producer2.0 21
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: Type 1: multi-attribute label developed by a third party Type 2: single-attribute label developed by the producer Type 3: eco-label based on a full lifecycle assessment2.0 22
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: Type 3 Labels: • Contain quantified data on the life cycle of the product • Enable comparisons between similar products • Are developed using predetermined parameters • Are subject to the administration of the program administrator2.0 23
  • • Uses the LCA approach specified in ISO 14040 to address environmental performance which addresses all stages of product life ws680.nist.gov/Bees/BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Stability)2.0 24
  • • Uses the LCA approach specified in ISO 14040 to address environmental performance which addresses all stages of product life • Allows you to select numerous products from within a category to compare. ws680.nist.gov/Bees/BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Stability)2.0 25
  • • Uses the LCA approach specified in ISO 14040 to address environmental performance which addresses all stages of product life • Allows you to select numerous products from within a category to compare. • Allows you to assign different weights to the environmental factors that ws680.nist.gov/Bees/ are being analyzed.BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Stability)2.0 26
  • Acidification Criteria Air Pollutants Ecotoxicity Eutrophication Fossil Fuel Depletion Global Warming Habitat Alteration Human Toxicity- Cancer Human Toxicity- Noncancer Indoor Air Quality Ozone Depletion Smog Water Intake ws680.nist.gov/Bees/BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Stability)2.0 27
  • • Each of the 14 factors can be examined individually to see the impact of each life phase ws680.nist.gov/Bees/BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Stability)2.0 28
  • • Uses the ASTM standard LCCA method to assess economic performance which covers initial cost, replacement, operation, maintenance and repair, and disposal. ws680.nist.gov/Bees/BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Stability)2.0 29
  • • Uses the LCA approach specified in ISO 14040 to address environmental performance. www.bre.co.uk/greenguide/BRE Green Guide to Specification2.0 30
  • • Uses the LCA approach specified in ISO 14040 to address environmental performance. • Product ratings are available based on building type such as commercial, educational or domestic and then by component or category, such as floor finishes. www.bre.co.uk/greenguide/BRE Green Guide to Specification2.0 31
  • • Uses the LCA approach specified in ISO 14040 to address environmental performance. • Product ratings are available based on building type such as commercial, educational or domestic and then by component or category, such as floor finishes. • The guide grades each of the products in a category relative to each other. The ranking scales may vary by building type and category. www.bre.co.uk/greenguide/BRE Green Guide to Specification2.0 32
  • Climate Change Water Extraction Mineral Extraction Ozone Depletion Human Toxicity Ecotoxity to Freshwater Nuclear Waste Ecotoxicity to Land Waste Disposal Fossil Fuel Depletion Eutrophication Ozone Creation Acidification www.bre.co.uk/greenguide/ KG of CO2 eq.BRE Green Guide to Specification2.0 33
  • • Evaluates specific products www.lcacalculator.com/LCA Calculator2.0 34
  • • Evaluates specific products • Relies on detailed information about the product’s production, transportation, maintenance and disposal www.lcacalculator.com/LCA Calculator2.0 35
  • • Evaluates specific products • Relies on detailed information about the product’s production, transportation, maintenance and disposal • May be most appropriate for manufacturers www.lcacalculator.com/LCA Calculator2.0 36
  • • Subscription Service www.pharosproject.netPharos Project2.0 37
  • • Subscription Service • Rates specific products in 5 categories: VOC, User Toxics, Manufacturer Toxics, Renewable Materials, Renewable Energy www.pharosproject.netPharos Project2.0 38
  • • Subscription Service • Rates specific products in 5 categories: VOC, User Toxics, Manufacturer Toxics, Renewable Materials, Renewable Energy • Dependent on public information and manufacturer cooperation www.pharosproject.netPharos Project2.0 39
  • 3.0LCA Certifications 40
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: Type 1: multi-attribute label developed by a third party Type 2: single-attribute label developed by the producer Type 3: eco-label based on a full lifecycle assessment3.0 41
  • ISO 14020 Series Standards: Type 1 Labels: • Must look at multiple criteria such as recycled content, toxins and renewable energy • Enable comparisons between products in the same category • Includes some aspects of LCA but requirements are not nearly as stringent as those for Type 33.0 42
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label www.ecologo.orgEnvironmental Choice EcoLogo3.0 43
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Addresses multiple environmental impacts through the life of the product www.ecologo.orgEnvironmental Choice EcoLogo3.0 44
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Addresses multiple environmental impacts through the life of the product www.ecologo.org • Different standards are available for different product typesEnvironmental Choice EcoLogo3.0 45
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Addresses multiple environmental impacts through the life of the product www.ecologo.org • Different standards are available for different product types • Available for a wide variety of product typesEnvironmental Choice EcoLogo3.0 46
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label www.eco-label.comEU Flower Label3.0 47
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for energy consumption, toxicity, recyclability and waste prevention. www.eco-label.comEU Flower Label3.0 48
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for energy consumption, toxicity, recyclability and waste prevention. • All aspects of the product’s creation and use including extraction, manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal are examined. www.eco-label.comEU Flower Label3.0 49
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for energy consumption, toxicity, recyclability and waste prevention. • All aspects of the product’s creation and use including extraction, manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal are examined. • Available for all product types except food, www.eco-label.com beverages, pharmaceuticals and medical devicesEU Flower Label3.0 50
  • • ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for energy consumption, toxicity, recyclability and waste prevention. • All aspects of the product’s creation and use including extraction, manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal are examined. • Available for all product types except food, www.eco-label.com beverages, pharmaceuticals and medical devices • The official environmental product label for the European UnionEU Flower Label3.0 51
  • • Not officially an ISO 14020 Type 1 label mbdc.comCradle to Cradle Certification3.0 52
  • • Not officially an ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for material health, material reutilization, renewable energy use, water stewardship and social responsibility. mbdc.comCradle to Cradle Certification3.0 53
  • • Not officially an ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for material health, material reutilization, renewable energy use, water stewardship and social responsibility. mbdc.com • All aspects of the product’s creation and use including extraction, manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal are examined.Cradle to Cradle Certification3.0 54
  • • Not officially an ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for material health, material reutilization, renewable energy use, water stewardship and social responsibility. mbdc.com • All aspects of the product’s creation and use including extraction, manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal are examined. • Available for all product typesCradle to Cradle Certification3.0 55
  • • Not officially an ISO 14020 Type 1 label • Criteria exist for material health, material reutilization, renewable energy use, water stewardship and social responsibility. mbdc.com • All aspects of the product’s creation and use including extraction, manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal are examined. • Available for all product types • Has four levels of certification: basic, silver, gold and platinumCradle to Cradle Certification3.0 56
  • 4.0Industry Examples 57
  • Industry Certifications4.0 58
  • Industry Certifications4.0 59
  • Industry Certifications4.0 60
  • Industry Certifications4.0 61
  • Industry Certifications4.0 62
  • Industry Certifications4.0 63
  • Industry Certifications4.0 64
  • Industry Certifications4.0 65
  • Industry Certifications4.0 66
  • • Metrics have been developed for: • Energy • Climate • Waste • Facilities • Transportation • Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) focus on LCA www.interfaceglobal.com/Sustainability/Interface-Story.aspxInterface4.0 67
  • • Total cost of ownership (TCO) analysis addresses one aspect of LCCA • Investigates the impact of carpet fibers that require less maintenance over the product life span antron.net/content/toolbox/ant05_01.shtmlAntron Carpet Fiber4.0 68
  • • Life cycle impact (LCI) calculator identifies potential energy and emission reductions • Investigates the impact of carpet fibers that reduce material use and disposal by having a longer serviceable life antron.net/content/toolbox/ant05_06.shtmlAntron Carpet Fiber4.0 69
  • • The ICEberg program helps compare long term costs of conventional and modular construction through LCA techniques • The software takes into account environmental considerations of both systems such as CO2 emissions for transportation and likely waste generation dirtt.net/public/sustainability/proof.phpDIRTT ICEberg4.0 70
  • • The program even accounts for occupant health and comfort levels during the use phase with analysis of VOCs and Acoustics dirtt.net/public/sustainability/proof.phpDIRTT ICEberg4.0 71
  • 5.0Applying LCA/LCCA 72
  • Applying LCA/LCAASTEP 1: Ensure that you understand theelements of LCA/LCCA 73
  • Applying LCA/LCAASTEP 1: Ensure that you understand theelements of LCA/LCCASTEP 2: Use LCA tools like BEES or the BRE GreenGuide to keep LCA considerations in mind whencomparing product type options such as resilientflooring vs. carpet vs. ceramic tile 74
  • Applying LCA/LCAASTEP 1: Ensure that you understand theelements of LCA/LCCASTEP 2: Use LCA tools like BEES or the BRE GreenGuide to keep LCA considerations in mind whencomparing product type options such as resilientflooring vs. carpet vs. ceramic tileSTEP 3: Look to product certifications andmanufacturer tools to help you choose betweenproducts of the same type 75
  • Tips• Pick you battles- whole building LCA is still evolving 76
  • Tips• Pick you battles- whole building LCA is still evolving• Is LCCA enough? Understand when delving deeper into LCA is crucial 77
  • Tips• Pick you battles- whole building LCA is still evolving• Is LCCA enough? Understand when delving deeper into LCA is crucial• Compare data from multiple sources if possible 78
  • Tips• Pick you battles- whole building LCA is still evolving• Is LCCA enough? Understand when delving deeper into LCA is crucial• Compare data from multiple sources if possible• Manufacturer tools can be very helpful but keep an eye out for greenwashing 79
  • Thank You! Allison Beer McKenzie amckenzie@shp.comwww.buildingmygreenlife.com Carrie Malatesta cmalatesta@shp.com www.shp.com 8