Section 2 (j) states as follows: “A contractwhich ceases to be enforceable by lawbecomes void when it ceases to beenforceable. Thus a void contract is one which cannotbe enforced by a court of law.
Any trading or business activity with aperson who owes allegiance to aGovernment of a country with whomIndia is at war without any license fromGovernment of India is VOID. This is because such a trade would beagainst the interest of Government ofIndia and people of India.
Any agreement to stifle or preventillegally any prosecution is void as itwould amount to abuse of justice.
Champerty is bargain whereby oneparty agrees to assist the other inrecovering property with a view tosharing the profit of litigation. Maintenance is promotion of litigation inwhich the litigant has no interest.
While appointing a person to certainimportant and high public office, meritalone should be the criteria. Any attempt to influence or anyagreement to influence anyone in thisregard should be seen as an act‘opposed to public policy’.
Every agreement in restraint of marriageof any person other than a minor, is void. If a person, being a major, agrees forgood consideration not to marry, thepromise is not binding.
An agreement to negotiate a marriagefor reward is void. Such marriage brokerage contracts areopposed to public policy.
An agreement in restraint of legalproceedings resulting in restriction ofone’s right to enforce legal rights is void.
Any agreement with the object ofinducing a judicial officer oradministrative officer of the state to actcorruptly or not impartially is void.Example- A agrees to reward B if heabstains from being a witness in a suitagainst A is void.
Any agreement through which a personis restrained from exercising a lawfulprofession, trade or business of any kind isto that extent void. The object of this law is to protect trade.
It involves payment of a sum of moneyupon the determination of an uncertainevent.Example- A agrees to pay Rs 500 to B if itrains and similarly B agrees to pay A if itdoes not.