Your first activity in your Semester Project Portfolio will be a KWL chart for the art elements. You were assigned chapter 2 to read prior to this class. If you have not done so, you will find it more difficult to do this chart.
On the second page in your portfolio, make a 3 column chart, What I K now, What I W ant to Know, What I L earned. Date it & Label it- “KWL- Art Elements”.
Take a few minutes to work with a partner and list what you already know about the elements of art.
Now as a class we will list everything you want or need to know.
During the presentation, fill in the What I Learned column.
This activity will be assessed as part of your Stage 1 Portfolio which is the Semester Project for this course. Be sure you have it completed.
As practice for using the MLA format to cite your sources, at the bottom of your page, write the Citation for your text book in the following MLA format:
Author’s last name, author’s first name. Title of book. City where published: Publisher, year published.
What I Know What I Want to Know What I Learned
KWL Chart: Elements of art
Mittler, Gene A. Art in Focus. 5 th edition. New York: Glencoe McGraw Hill, 2006.
What I Know What I Want to Know What I Learned What I Know What I Want to Know What I Learned What’s an art element? How many are there? What are they? What does each one mean? How are they used? Are they used in all artworks (painting, sculpture and architecture)?
Elements of art The 8 elements of art are like building blocks an artist uses, along with the media and tools, to make the artwork. The 8 elements are: color hue, color value, color intensity, value non color, line, texture, shape/form, and space.
Color hue = Name of the color
Colors are arranged on a wheel starting with the 3 primary colors; red, blue and yellow. By adding 2 primary colors a secondary color is made- orange, green and violet. Tertiary colors are the sum of a primary and a secondary; yellow-orange, blue-green, violet-red.
Complementary colors are opposites on the wheel, show a sudden change in color, and when mixed together they neutralize each other and make dark grey.
Analogous colors are next to each other on the wheel and show a gradual change in color.
Colors can be warm or cool and not only effect the expressive qualities,
but also the sense of space in an artwork- warm advance and cool recede.
Tamayo Tamayo D. Rivera Zárraga
Color value = Amount of white or black in a color making it lighter or darker.
Color value is used by artists to give the illusion of 3 dimensions in a 2 dimensional process like painting or drawing.
By adding white or black to colors, the artist gives the effect of shading, converting flat shapes into solid forms.
• Light • Dark Plus white COLOR Plus black
Siquieros Ruiz A. Rivera Goitia
Color Intensity = the purity of the color.
When some other color or neutral is added, the intensity is changed.
Intensity ranges from bright to dull.
Morales Siquieros Tamayo Tamayo Kahlo
Value non-color = the change in the neutrals- black, grey and white.
Value non-color can change suddenly to produce straight lines and the look of sharp angular forms in 2 dimensional processes like drawing and painting.
If value non-color changes gradually it gives the illusion of rounded forms with shading, even though the artwork has only 2 dimensions.
Hernán O’Higgins Tamayo Montenegro
Line = a continuous mark on a surface.
After color, line is the most versatile element.
It can be used as contour to outline and separate objects.
It can be used to give a sense of movement. Or it can be used to add to the expressive content of an artwork:
Vertical=strength Horizontal=calmness Diagonal=tension –Curve= flowing movement
Lines that are not actually drawn, but just suggested, are called axis lines and are very important to the composition of an artwork.
Montenegro Orozco O’Higgins Posada Kahlo
Texture = the surface quality
Texture can be real or simulated.
Real texture exists when the media itself has a feel of roughness or smoothness.
Simulated texture is the illusion or appearance of a surface that is depicted by the artist.
Patterns made of lines, shapes and colors can also provide a simulated texture.
Morales Toledo D. Rivera Dominguez
Shape/Form = 2D objects/ 3D objects
Shape/form is the element of art that must be made by other art elements such as line, color, or texture.
Shapes can be made to appear as forms in 2D processes such as painting and drawing by the use of value (color or non-color).
Real forms exist in 3D processes such as sculpture and architecture, because they possess height, width, and depth.
Tamayo Tamayo Gerzso Montenegro A. Rivera
Space = the area all around the objects
Space can be either 2D (height and width only) or 3D (height, width, and depth).
Space can be positive, if it is filled with figures, or negative, if it is empty.
Artists use several techniques to give the illusion of depth or perspective in 2D processes such as painting;
Shapes are made to look like forms by use of changes in value.
Warm colors are used on near objects, cool colors on the objects in the back.
Objects are overlapped.
Figures near the front are larger.
More detail is seen in objects that are closer to us.
Architecture and sculpture possess interior space called volume and exterior form called mass.
Source: Mittler, Gene A. Art in Focus 5 th edition. . New York, Glencoe McGraw Hill, 2006.
Legorreta Morales Gerzso O’Gorman Toledo
If you have not read Chapters 1 and 2 carefully, please do so before the next class.