Native American Literature Warm-Up 2-10-12You have 5 minutes to complete this writingassignment starting when class starts!Answer in COMPLETE sentences and putthought into your answers.If you absolutely don’t know what to writeafter at least trying to figure it out, ask aneighbor, then ask me!
Essential QuestionsWhy do people communicate?How do people communicate?How do audience and purpose determinestyle?
ObjectivesBy the completion of this lesson studentswill be able to:To analyze the characteristics of a myth and evaluate how Native Americans used it.To analyze the Western perspective of myths and myth making
So, what is a myth?•The word itself comes from theGreek “mythos” which originallymeant “speech.”•It is a traditional story explaininghow the world and the things in itcame to be.
Myth•A traditional story that deals withgods, goddesses, heroes, and/orsupernatural forces.•A myth may explain a belief, custom,or a force of nature
Myths• Contain supernatural elements• Often explain the unexplainable• Have also been told in order to teach a moral lesson.• All cultures have myths, though often do not see their stories as myth but as fact.• reflect the culture of the people who create them• Use metaphors
Native American Myths-• The First Nations Peoples had a value system. There were only four commandments from the Great Spirits:• 1.Respect Mother Earth 2.Respect the Great Spirit 3.Respect our fellow man and woman 4.Respect for individual freedom
Origin Myths• Every origin myth is a story of creation: origin myths describe how some new reality came into existence
Oral tradition• Native American myths originated as oral tradition: Stories passed down verbally• Native American creating myths were not written down until just a few hundred years ago.
These Native American myths..• The World on the Turtle’s Back, When Grizzlies Walked Upright, Navajo Origin Legend, The Sky Tree, Coyote Finishes His Work• All offer explanations of where the people who inhabit the Earth came from.• What other sources take on the challenge of explaining this phenomenon? - the Bible, geneticists
Alright, let’s get to it!• You will be divided into groups (we need 3) each having a different myth to study and present. Just scoot next to your neighbors.• Suggestion: Read the myth silently first and then read it aloud to emphasize the importance of the oral tradition• Assign the following roles within your group: recorder, creativity director, teacher• Then, complete the response sheet- one per group. Everyone should generate ideas but the note taker records.• Then, discuss how best to present your myth- perform a skit, do an oral reading, create a picture- you must TEACH the myth to the class• Finally, presentations!
Classwork/HomeworkClasswork1. Create your own mythic tale! This can be about anything. What story will you tell your kids one day about how the world was created? Tossing out all that you know biblically, creatively come up with a new version. One page, single spaced, college ruled paper.Homework2. This myth is part of the oral tradition of stories being told in various ways- usually depending on beliefs and customs. Interview someone “older” to find a story that has been passed down from generation to generation. One page, single spaced, college ruled paper. Or two pages typed, double space, 12 pt font.Due Monday, 2/13/12