Gift of the Nile
 Geography of Ancient Egypt
Nile River
Nile River


Longest River (begins near the
equator, and flows to the
Mediterranean Sea)
Nile River


Longest River (begins near the
equator, and flows to the
Mediterranean Sea)
Southern part of the Nile has cata...
Nile Delta
Nile Delta
The Nile flows North
Nile Delta
The Nile flows North
Upper and Lower Nile
Nile Delta
The Nile flows North
Upper and Lower Nile
Delta is the fertile land at the river’s
mouth where the Nile dumps in...
Nile Delta
The Nile flows North
Upper and Lower Nile
Delta is the fertile land at the river’s
mouth where the Nile dumps in...
Red Land,
Black Land
Red Land,
Black Land
 Black land refers to the
fertile soil near the Nile.
Red Land,
Black Land
 Black land refers to the
fertile soil near the Nile.
Red Land,
 Black Land
  Black land refers to the
 fertile soil near the Nile.

Red land is the desert away
 from the Nile’...
Can you find the difference in my picture
 between the fertile land and the desert
            surrounding it?
Agricultural Techniques
Agricultural Techniques


Regular flooding (look for the ibises)
Agricultural Techniques


Regular flooding (look for the ibises)
Farming Technology
Agricultural Techniques


Regular flooding (look for the ibises)
Farming Technology
 dug irrigation canals
Agricultural Techniques


Regular flooding (look for the ibises)
Farming Technology
 dug irrigation canals
 Shaduf spread t...
Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into
flour and make bread
Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into
flour and make bread

Wove flax to make linen
Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into
flour and make bread

Wove flax to make linen

Houses of mud and straw...differenc...
Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into
flour and make bread

Wove flax to make linen

Houses of mud and straw...differenc...
Mining
Mining
Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later
needed to use iron for stronger weapons
Mining
Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later
needed to use iron for stronger weapons
gold mined (in Nubia) and minera...
Mining
Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later
needed to use iron for stronger weapons
gold mined (in Nubia) and minera...
Mining
Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later
needed to use iron for stronger weapons
gold mined (in Nubia) and minera...
Mining
Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later
needed to use iron for stronger weapons
gold mined (in Nubia) and minera...
Use of the Nile
Use of the Nile
Water
Use of the Nile
Water
Food
Use of the Nile
Water
Food
Silt (deposited after the floods)
Use of the Nile
Water
Food
Silt (deposited after the floods)
Travel for bartering
Use of the Nile
Water
Food
Silt (deposited after the floods)
Travel for bartering
 Travel north by the current
Use of the Nile
Water
Food
Silt (deposited after the floods)
Travel for bartering
 Travel north by the current
 Travel sout...
Gift of the nile ch. 5 lesson1
Gift of the nile ch. 5 lesson1
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  • Gift of the nile ch. 5 lesson1

    1. 1. Gift of the Nile Geography of Ancient Egypt
    2. 2. Nile River
    3. 3. Nile River Longest River (begins near the equator, and flows to the Mediterranean Sea)
    4. 4. Nile River Longest River (begins near the equator, and flows to the Mediterranean Sea) Southern part of the Nile has cataracts (or waterfalls)
    5. 5. Nile Delta
    6. 6. Nile Delta The Nile flows North
    7. 7. Nile Delta The Nile flows North Upper and Lower Nile
    8. 8. Nile Delta The Nile flows North Upper and Lower Nile Delta is the fertile land at the river’s mouth where the Nile dumps into the sea.
    9. 9. Nile Delta The Nile flows North Upper and Lower Nile Delta is the fertile land at the river’s mouth where the Nile dumps into the sea. Floods every summer left silt.
    10. 10. Red Land, Black Land
    11. 11. Red Land, Black Land Black land refers to the fertile soil near the Nile.
    12. 12. Red Land, Black Land Black land refers to the fertile soil near the Nile.
    13. 13. Red Land, Black Land Black land refers to the fertile soil near the Nile. Red land is the desert away from the Nile’s floodplain
    14. 14. Can you find the difference in my picture between the fertile land and the desert surrounding it?
    15. 15. Agricultural Techniques
    16. 16. Agricultural Techniques Regular flooding (look for the ibises)
    17. 17. Agricultural Techniques Regular flooding (look for the ibises) Farming Technology
    18. 18. Agricultural Techniques Regular flooding (look for the ibises) Farming Technology dug irrigation canals
    19. 19. Agricultural Techniques Regular flooding (look for the ibises) Farming Technology dug irrigation canals Shaduf spread the water over the field
    20. 20. Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into flour and make bread
    21. 21. Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into flour and make bread Wove flax to make linen
    22. 22. Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into flour and make bread Wove flax to make linen Houses of mud and straw...difference between rich and poor. Poor people hung out on the roof; they even slept outside.
    23. 23. Egyptian Crops: first to ground wheat into flour and make bread Wove flax to make linen Houses of mud and straw...difference between rich and poor. Poor people hung out on the roof; they even slept outside. Climate: 8 mo. sunny/hot, 4 mo. sunny/cooler
    24. 24. Mining
    25. 25. Mining Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later needed to use iron for stronger weapons
    26. 26. Mining Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later needed to use iron for stronger weapons gold mined (in Nubia) and minerals (in Sinai)
    27. 27. Mining Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later needed to use iron for stronger weapons gold mined (in Nubia) and minerals (in Sinai) Mined precious stones
    28. 28. Mining Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later needed to use iron for stronger weapons gold mined (in Nubia) and minerals (in Sinai) Mined precious stones turquoise
    29. 29. Mining Copper was used for tools (6000 BC), later needed to use iron for stronger weapons gold mined (in Nubia) and minerals (in Sinai) Mined precious stones turquoise lapis lazuli
    30. 30. Use of the Nile
    31. 31. Use of the Nile Water
    32. 32. Use of the Nile Water Food
    33. 33. Use of the Nile Water Food Silt (deposited after the floods)
    34. 34. Use of the Nile Water Food Silt (deposited after the floods) Travel for bartering
    35. 35. Use of the Nile Water Food Silt (deposited after the floods) Travel for bartering Travel north by the current
    36. 36. Use of the Nile Water Food Silt (deposited after the floods) Travel for bartering Travel north by the current Travel south by the wind
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