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  1. 1. Dr. Vivek Kumar
  2. 2.  Introduction  Principle  Working  Features  Scope for further development  Advantages  Conclusion  Reference
  3. 3.  The country among other things has seen an enormous development in engines used in cars also.  The Diesel engines have also undergone a sea change from the time Rudolf Diesel invented it way back in 1892.  Today Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) is the order of the day.
  4. 4.  Unlike in conventional diesel engines, the fuel is fed into the common tube or rail and high pressure is maintained.  This allows fuel to combine with air much more efficiently.  It features high-pressure fuel rail feeding individual solenoid valves as opposed to low- pressure fuel pump feeding injectors.
  5. 5.  Solenoid valves make possible fine electronic control over the injection time and amount, and the higher pressure that the common rail technology makes available provides better fuel atomization. In order to lower engine noise, the engine's electronic control unit can inject a small amount of diesel just before the main injection event ("pilot" injection), thus reducing its explosiveness and vibration, as well as optimizing injection timing and the process continues
  6. 6.  Direct injector  Spiral-shaped intake port  Integrated port  Air flow metering  Multiple Pilot injection and Post injection  Powerful Microcomputer  Newly-developed catalytic converters  Reduced noise levels
  7. 7. A fuel injector is nothing but an electronically controlled valve.
  8. 8. Provides optimum swirl and even distribution of fuel.
  9. 9. Integrated port is used for exhaust gas recycling. There are three advantages to this system • eliminates external pipes which are subject to vibration • quicker engine warm-up • better combustion.
  10. 10.  It gives exact analysis of the air-mass that is being taken in.  Due to this metering system, the microcomputer that controls engine timing receives precise data.
  11. 11.  Pilot injections is small doses of fuel made prior to the main injection which help to smoothen the sharp combustion character.  Post injection is a similarly small dose of fuel injected after the main injection to reduce particulates.
  12. 12.  The microcomputer regulates the amount of time the valves stay open and thus the amount of fuel injected, depending on operating conditions and how much output is needed.
  13. 13.  Besides electronically-controlled exhaust-gas recycling which contributes to lower nitrous oxide emissions, CRDI engines are equipped with catalytic converters near the motor and emission control devices on the underbody. These vouch for a high degree of efficiency.
  14. 14.  The Electronic control and multiple injections reduced noise to a great extent.
  15. 15.  Use of different fuels for zero emissions and better engine performance  By using different fuels and cetane improvers, maximum torque can be obtained  Lowering the cost  Closed-loop control injection with ion sensing technology
  16. 16. -More power is developed -Increased fuel efficiency -More stability -Pollutants are reduced -Particulates of exhaust are reduced -Exhaust gas recirculation is enhanced -Precise injection timing is obtained -Pilot and post injection increase the combustion quality -The powerful microcomputer makes the whole system more perfect
  17. 17. CRDI technology revolutionized diesel engines. It has changed the way one looks as diesel cars by providing the above said advantages.
  18. 18. The car makers refer to their common rail engines by their own brand names. Some of them are BMW's D-engines Mahindra's CRDe Tata's DICOR Honda's i-CTDi Hyundai-Kia's CRDi etc
  19. 19.  Automotive Mechanics by S Srinivasan..  I C Engines by V. Ganesan.  Automotive Engines by S Srinivasan.  International Journal of Automotive Technology  Approaches to Automotive Emissions Control  Magazines: Auto week, Automobile India