Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Variable Valve Timing

10,591 views

Published on

The valve timing of modern automobiles are not constant. It varies with speed, load. Here this slide describes about the modern Variable Valve Timing system and their controls

Published in: Engineering
  • Did u try to use external powers for studying? Like ⇒ www.WritePaper.info ⇐ ? They helped me a lot once.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • My brother found Custom Writing Service ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ and ordered a couple of works. Their customer service is outstanding, never left a query unanswered.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Hi there! I just wanted to share a list of sites that helped me a lot during my studies: .................................................................................................................................... www.EssayWrite.best - Write an essay .................................................................................................................................... www.LitReview.xyz - Summary of books .................................................................................................................................... www.Coursework.best - Online coursework .................................................................................................................................... www.Dissertations.me - proquest dissertations .................................................................................................................................... www.ReMovie.club - Movies reviews .................................................................................................................................... www.WebSlides.vip - Best powerpoint presentations .................................................................................................................................... www.WritePaper.info - Write a research paper .................................................................................................................................... www.EddyHelp.com - Homework help online .................................................................................................................................... www.MyResumeHelp.net - Professional resume writing service .................................................................................................................................. www.HelpWriting.net - Help with writing any papers ......................................................................................................................................... Save so as not to lose
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Dating for everyone is here: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/36cXjBY ❤❤❤
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Variable Valve Timing

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY UTSAV PODDAR HRISIKESH BHASKAR MAHIDUL HAQUE KHAMAR
  2. 2.  Basic Theory After multivalve technology became standard in engine design, Variable Valve Timing became the next step to enhance engine output, power and torque. As you know, valves activate the breathing of engine. The timing of breathing, that is, the timing of air intake and exhaust, is controlled by the shape and phase angle of cams. To optimise the breathing, engine requires different valve timing at different speed. When the revolution increases, the duration of intake and exhaust stroke decreases so that fresh air becomes not fast enough to enter the combustion chamber, while the exhaust becomes not fast enough to leave the combustion chamber. Therefore, the best solution is to open the inlet valves earlier and close the exhaust valves later. In other words, the Overlapping between intake period and exhaust period should be increased as revolution increases. With Variable Valve Timing, power and torque can be optimised across a wide rpm band.
  3. 3.  The VVT system is designed to control the intake camshaft with in a range of 50°(of Crankshaft Angle ) to provide valve timing i.e. optimally suited to the engine condition .This improves the torque in all the speed ranges as well as fuel economy ,and reducing exhaust emissions  This system controls the intake camshaft valve timing so as to obtain balance between the engine output, fuel consumption & emission control performance. The actual intake side valve timing is feed back by means of the camshaft position sensor for constant control to the target valve timing
  4. 4.  There are two types of variable valve timing A. Cam changing VVT B. Cam phasing VVT CAM CHANGING VVT  Cam changing VVT uses different cam profiles to lift the valves depending on engine load and speed.  One common system uses two rocker arms for normal operation on its two intake valves, with a third, higher profile, rocker arm between the other two arms. At engine speeds above 5000 to 6000 rpm, the engine ECU activates an oil pressure controlled pin that locks the three rocker arms together. The center rocker arm follows a larger and more aggressive profile, transferring its movement to the intake valves which now open further and for longer.  When engine speeds fall below the threshold speed, oil pressure is removed from the pin and a spring deactivates the pin. The rocker arms are no longer locked together and the valves are controlled by the less aggressive outer lobes  Stage 1 (low speed) : both intake and exhaust valves are in slow configuration.  Stage 2 (medium speed) : fast intake configuration + slow exhaust configuration.  Stage 3 (high speed) : both intake and exhaust valves are in fast configuration.  Advantage: Powerful at top end  Disadvantage: 2 or 3 stages only, non-continuous; no much improvement to torque; complex  Who use it ? Honda VTEC, Mitsubishi MIVEC, Nissan Neo VVL.
  5. 5. CAM PHASING VVT  Cam phasing VVT is the simplest, cheapest and most commonly used mechanism at this moment.  it varies the valve timing by shifting the phase angle of camshafts. For example, at high speed, the inlet camshaft will be rotated in advance by 30° so to enable earlier intake. This movement is controlled by engine management system according to need, and actuated by hydraulic valve gears  IT cannot vary the duration of valve opening. It just allows earlier or later valve opening. Earlier open results in earlier close, of course. It also cannot vary the valve lift, unlike cam changing VVT  Advantage: Cheap and simple, continuous VVT improves torque delivery across the whole rev range.  Disadvantage: Lack of variable lift and variable valve opening duration, thus less top end power than Camchanging VVT.  Audi V8 inlet, BMW Double Vanos inlet,Ferrari 360 Modena exhaust, Ford Puma 1.7 Zetec SE inlet, Jaguar AJV6, Lamborghini Diablo SV engine inlet, , Porsche Variocam inlet, 3stage discrete
  6. 6. 3) Cam-Changing + Cam- Phasing VVT Combining camchanging VVT and camphasing VVT could satisfy the requirement of both top end Power and flexibility throughout the whole rev range, but it is inevitably more complex. At the time of writing, only Toyota and Porsche have such designs.
  7. 7.  The Variable Valve Timing (VVT) system includes  ECM  OCV  VVT controller • The ECM sends a target duty-cycle control signal to the OCV. This control signal regulates the oil pressure supplied to the VVT controller. Camshaft timing control is performed according to engine operating conditions such as the intake air volume, throttle valve position and engine coolant temperature. • The ECM controls the OCV, based on the signals transmitted by several sensors. The VVT controller regulates the intake camshaft angle using oil pressure through the OCV. As a result, the relative positions of the camshaft and crankshaft are optimized, the engine torque and fuel economy improve, and the exhaust emissions decrease under overall driving conditions. The ECM detects the actual intake valve timing using signals from the camshaft and crankshaft position sensors, and performs feedback control. This is how the target intake valve timing is verified by the ECM.
  8. 8. The ECM optimizes the valve timing using the VVT system to control the intake camshaft. The VVT system includes the ECM, the OCV and the VVT controller. The ECM sends a target duty-cycle control signal to the OCV. This control signal regulates the oil pressure supplied to the VVT controller. The VVT controller can advance or retard the intake camshaft.
  9. 9. The camshaft timing oil control valve selects the path according to the advance, retard or hold signal from the ECM .The VVT-i controller rotates the intake camshaft in the timing advance or retard position or holds it according to the position where the oil pressure is applied.
  10. 10. In proportion to the engine speed, intake air volume throttle position and water temperature, the ECM calculates optimal valve timing under each driving condition & controls the camshaft timing oil control valve. In addition ECM uses signal from the camshaft position sensor & the crankshaft position sensor to detect the actual valve timing, thus performing feedback control to achieve the target valve timing
  11. 11. ADVANTAGES of vvt-i • Improved torque & output • Battery & fuel economy • Reduced nitrogen oxide & • hydrocarbon emissions Advantages of Variable Valve Engine 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 Engine Speed (rpm) BrakeTorque(N*m) Convential Engine Varable Valve Engine
  12. 12. Valvetronic Offers continuously variable valve timing and valve lift on the intake cam only. Relies on amount of valve lift to throttle engine BMW VANOS Varies the timing of the valves by moving the position of the camshafts in relation to the drive gear. BMW VTEC Utilizes two camshaft profiles and electronically selects between the profiles Honda VarioCam Varies intake timing by adjusting the tension of a cam chain Porche AVCS/AVLS AVCS - varies timing (phase) with hydraulic pressure AVLS - Varies duration, timing and lift by switching between two different sets of cam lobes Subaru Mitsubishi MIVEC – similar to AVLS
  13. 13. Last but not the least, a special word of thanks to the teachers and staff for their ever ready help and guidance without which this task would not be possible: Prof. Amitava Datta
  14. 14. •Different Types of VVT. 2005. 3 May 2007. http://www.autozine.org/technical_school/engine/vvt_2.htm  Wikipedia: Variable Valve Timing. 2007. 1 May 2007. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_valve_timing  Honda Engines. 2007. 2 May 2007.<http://www.honda-engines- eu.com/en/images/249.gif >  Prof. Dr. Peter Walzer. Technology Highlights and R and D Activities. 2002 http://www.fev.com/data/documents/spectrum20.pdf

×