Open Data & Policy in Canada

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Digital Odyssey 2013: BIG DATA, Small World
Friday June 7
Bram & Bluma Appel Salon, Toronto Reference Library
789 Yonge Street (1 street north of Bloor)
Toronto ON M4W 2G8

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  • Campbell thought this image spoke to us cosmographically, not viewed as a scientific object nor as data, it had power to change worldviews and affect human behaviour. “It might be the symbol of a new mythology to come. That is the country we are going to be celebrating. And those are the people that we are one with”.Now there is the NASA gateway, CCRS portal, Radarsat and sovereignty debates, land use composites using satellite imagery, GoogleMaps, used in human rights work American Association for the Advancement of Science and Amnesty International, Earth Day, One World One Voice, Whole Earth, global citizenship, normative use as a popular media and in scientific practice.This image, and the satellite images and products made as a result of these, are part of the continuum of imaginative responses to contemporary issues.The infrastructure that created this image is part of the techno-political regime of space and military technology, and part of the information ecologies of geographical science, technology, industry and libraries to name a few.This image is part of a long line of images, models, descriptions of earth, the world and the globe, that went from organic notions to social and to the spatial approaches and the spatiality of geometry, and these have been shaping identities and actions for centuries (Cosgrove)
  • The Water and Environmental Hub (WEHUB) project is a cloud-based, open source web platform that’s making it easier for individuals and organizations to find, access, and share water and environmental data. What differentiates our approach from many others is our scalable and robust, cloud-based IT platform and web-based applications that support a wide variety of datasets and international data standards. This allows the WEHUB to provide open and transparent access to many different types of environmental datasets from many different public and private sector data providers.
  • In August 2012, Amnesty International, USA (AIUSA) requested the assistance of the Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) to investigate the veracity and details of human rights-related reports stemming from the escalating conflict in Aleppo, Syria. Located in the northwestern area of the country (Figure One), Aleppo is Syria's largest city and commercial hub, with a population of over two million people. On 15 July 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross characterized the escalating conflict as a "civil war", a designation that has since entered into common usage in media reporting.1 Since 19 July 2012, reports indicate that government and opposition forces have continued to clash both around and within the city. The conflict in Aleppo has led to accounts of heavy fighting, widespread shelling by tanks and artillery, and numerous civilian casualties.2
  • Nunavut Arctic College 2011, Aug. 2011, Arctic research: Jamal Shirley at NRI, Janelle Kennedy with the Nunavut Dept. of the Environment, people at Inuit Heritage Trust, Parks Canada, the Qaujigiartiit Health Research Centre, and a few others. Timothy Di Leo Browne, School of Canadian Studies - (IPY Data Legacy)Dr. DR Fraser Taylor, GCRC DirectorDr. Teresa Scassa, Canada Research Chair in Information Law, CLTSDr. Michael Geist, Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-Commerce, University of Ottawa, Faculty of LawDr. Chidi Oguamanam, CLTSDr. Elizabeth Judge, CLTSDavid Fewer, CLTSAnn Martin, Director, Data Dissemination, Natural Resources CanadaAmos Hayes, GCRC Technical DirectorNate J. Engler, GCRC Research AssistantTracey P. Lauriault, GCRC Research Assistant
  • Open Data & Policy in Canada

    1. 1. Open Data Policy in CanadaTracey P. LauriaultGeomatics and Cartographic Research CentreCarleton University(http://gcrc.carleton.ca)Digital Odyssey 2013: BIG DATA, Small WorldFriday June 7Bram & Bluma Appel Salon, Toronto Reference Library789 Yonge Street (1 street north of Bloor)Toronto ON M4W 2G8
    2. 2. Table of Contents1. The globe2. Open Data Examples3. Where to get data4. Data advocacy5. Data policy6. Librarian Powers
    3. 3. Blue MarbleJoseph Campbell “the society of the Planet” from the Power of the Mythin reference to the Blue Marble Image released by NASA in 1972
    4. 4. Open Data Examples
    5. 5. Citizen - Participationhttp://opennorth.ca/Budget Plateauhttp://budgetplateau.com/
    6. 6. Citizen - Recreationhttp://patinermontreal.ca/rinks/74-saint-simon-apotrehttp://montrealouvert.net/a-propos/
    7. 7. Citizen - Accountabilityhttp://mamairie.ca/http://represent.opennorth.ca/
    8. 8. Citizen – Dining and Healthhttp://resto-net.ca/en
    9. 9. Citizen - AccessCatherine Roy: ecrire@catherine-roy.nethttp://montrealaccessible.ca/http://www.rapliq.org/2011/06/09/journee-de-laccessibilite-dans-le-vieux-montreal/
    10. 10. Citizen - Healthhttp://www.hackinghealth.ca/about
    11. 11. Citizen – Transparency  Les appels d’offres et certaincontrats octroyés de la Ville deMontréal et la province duQuébec (version détaillée ici) Le registre des entreprises duCanada Les dons au partis politiquesdu Canada Les dons aux partis politiquesdu Québec Le registre des lobbyistes dugouvernment fédéral(aussiregistre et journal) Licenses restreintes danslindustrie de la construction Les contrats octroyés par laVille de Laval depuis 2007 Les contrats octroyés par laVille de Montréal depuis 2006http://quebecouvert.org/events/hackonslacorruption/
    12. 12. Citizen - Hackathonshttp://www.rhok.org/http://blog.opendataottawa.ca/http://montrealouvert.net/2011/11/23/compte-rendu-du-3e-hackathon-montreal-ouvert/?lang=enhttp://www.livinglabmontreal.org/TranspoCampMTL
    13. 13. Citizen - Entrepreneurhttp://ajah.ca/home/ All 10,000 public andprivate foundations. Exhaustive list offederal and provincialfunding programsspecifically for non-profits (over 700). Corporate funders(500 and growing).
    14. 14. Research – Inuit Sea Ice Use and OccupancyData & Software- Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD)- Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use)- Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights)- More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentallysensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only- Data will become part of IPY Canadahttps://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/ISIUOP/Inuit+Sea+Ice+Use+and+Occupancy+Project+(ISIUOP)
    15. 15. Community - Place Nameshttps://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Atlases
    16. 16. Territory – Treaty Processhttps://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/The+Lake+Huron+Treaty+Atlas
    17. 17. Past & Presenthttps://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/The+Lake+Huron+Treaty+Atlas
    18. 18. Citizen Sciencehttp://waterenvironmentalhub.ca/
    19. 19. NGOhttp://sjhdc.ca//
    20. 20. NGO, City, Universityhttps://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Pilot+Atlas+of+the+Risk+of+Homelessness
    21. 21. Environmenthttp://www.ec.gc.ca/inrp-npri/http://www.ecojustice.ca/media-centre/press-releases/court-victory-forces-canada-to-report-pollution-data-for-mines
    22. 22. Municipal Officialhttp://www.municipaldata-donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Reporting/en/reporting_tool.php
    23. 23. Chief Medical Officer of Healthhttp://emis.santemontreal.qc.ca/
    24. 24. Chief Medical Officer of Healthhttp://www.communityview.ca/index.html
    25. 25. Social Determinants of Healthwww.toronto.ca/wellbeing
    26. 26. Transportation plannerDonnées sourcesAu niveau municipal, les donnéessont accessibles indirectement surle site de la ville de Montréal.En dautres termes, ces donnéesnont pas été prévues pour êtreutilisées de manière directe maissont affichées sur une carte dansla section Info-Travaux.Au niveau provinciale, lesdonnées viennent du Ministèredes transports du Québec etde son service Québec 511. Làaussi le MTQ se démarque de seshomologues canadiens en étant apriori le premier à proposerdes données GPS pour lalocalisation des chantiers.http://zonecone.ca/
    27. 27. Transportation plannerhttp://www.geobase.ca/geobase/en/data/nrn/index.html;jsessionid=1361AFFCF2C4E5B4D8071E5D489026EF
    28. 28. Disaster monitoringSafecast is a global sensornetwork for collecting andsharing radiationmeasurements to empowerpeople with data about theirenvironmentshttp://blog.safecast.org/
    29. 29. Remote Sensing & Human RightsAAAS Scientific Responsibility, Human Rights and Law ProgramSatellite Imagery Analysis for Urban Conflict Documentation: Aleppo, Syriahttp://srhrl.aaas.org/geotech/syria/aleppo.htm
    30. 30. Where to get data
    31. 31. Federal Data Geogratis & Geobase & Discovery Portal – NaturalResources Canada Treasury Board of Canada – OpenData.gc.ca Research Data Canada – National Research Council Data Liberation Initiative – ALMOST OPEN –Statistics Canada & Universities Data dot GC.ca – Citizen’s initiative to Inspire theCanadian Government Canadian International Development Agency(CIDA) Open Data
    32. 32. NRCanhttp://www.geoconnections.org/fr/resourcelibrary/keyStudiesReportshttp://geodiscover.cgdi.cahttp://www.geobase.cahttp://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/
    33. 33. Open Data Federal Projecthttp://www.data.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=F9B7A1E3-1
    34. 34. Research Datahttp://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/34846.html
    35. 35. Open Aidhttp://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/acdi-cida.nsf/eng/FRA-511112638-L57
    36. 36. Provinces1. Ontario Open Data2. Alberta Open Data3. Données ouvertes Portail du Gouvernement duQuébec, Québec Ouvert – Citizen Led4. BC: Data BC, OpenData BC- Citizen Led and B.C.’sClimate Change Data Catalogue is a compositelisting of publicly available data related to climatechange, with a focus on British Columbia data.5. Open Data Saskatchewan, Citizen Led
    37. 37. Open Data Provinceshttp://www.donnees.gouv.qc.ca/?node=/accueilhttp://www.data.gov.bc.ca/
    38. 38. Open Data Cities1. Banff Open Data Portal, (AB) Pilot2. City of Brandon (MB)3. City of Burlington (ON), Pilot4. City of Calgary (AB)5. City of Edmonton (AB)6. City of Fredericton (NB)7. Portail de données ouvertes de la ville deGatineau, Gatineau Ouverte (QC) – CitizenLed8. County of Grande Prairie (AB)9. City of Guelph (ON), Guelph Coffee andCode – Citizen Led10. Halifax Regional Municipality (NS)11. City of Hamilton (Transit Feed) (ON),Open Data Hamilton – Citizen Led12. OpenHalton (ON) – Citizen Led13. City of London (ON), OpenData London –Citizen Led14. Township of Langley (BC)15. Open Data Medicine Hat (AB)16. City of Mississauga – Mississauga Data(ON)17. Ville de Montréal Portails données ouvertes (QC),Montréal Ouvert – Citizen Led18. City of Nanaimo (BC)19. City of Niagara Falls (ON20. Region of Niagara (ON)21. Regional District of North Okanagan (BC)22. District of North Vancouver (BC) GeoWeb23. City of Ottawa (ON), Citizens’ APP Group – OpenDataOttawa; Apps24. Region of Peel (ON)25. City of Prince George (BC)26. Ville de Québec Catalogue de données, CapitaleOuverte (QC)- Citizen Led in Ville de Québec27. City of Red Deer, Alberta28. City of Regina (SK) Open Gov & Open Data site29. Open Data Saskatoon, interim portal30. City of Surrey (BC) GIS Catalog31. City of Toronto (ON); DataTO – Citizen Group32. City of Vancouver (BC); Open Data Wiki33. City of Victoria (BC)34. Open Data (city) Waterloo (ON).35. Region of Waterloo (ON), Region of Waterloo –Citizen Led,36. City of Windsor (ON) Open Data Catalog
    39. 39. Citieshttp://app06.ottawa.ca/en/city_hall/statisticsdata/opendata/info/index.htmhttp://www.saskatoon.ca/DEPARTMENTS/Corporate%20Services/Corporate%20Information%20Services/OpenData/Pages/OpenData.aspx
    40. 40. Community Data Portalhttp://communitydata-donneescommunautaires.ca/home
    41. 41. Data advocacy
    42. 42. Data Negotiationhttp://cdc-dcc.info/mandate.php
    43. 43. Open Data NGOshttp://www.opendatabc.ca/index.htmlhttp://opennorth.ca/
    44. 44. CivicAccess.cahttp://datalibre.ca/links-resources/
    45. 45. Equal Right to be Countedhttp://www.ccsd.ca/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=155:update-census-challenge&catid=46 /
    46. 46. Data Liberation Initiativehttp://www.statcan.gc.ca/dli-idd/dli-idd-eng.htm /
    47. 47. Public Consultations20102002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009National Data Archive Consultation(SSHRC)Stewardship ofResearch Data inCanada: A GapAnalysisOpen Government Consultations(TBS)Mapping the Data Landscape:Report of the 2011 CanadianResearch Data Summit2011GeoConnections study on Archiving,Management and Preservation of GeospatialDataNational Consultation on Access to ScientificData Final Report (NCASRD)Toward a National Digital Information Strategy:Mapping the Current Situation in Canada (LAC)Canadian Digital InformationStrategy (CDIS) (LAC)Digital Economy Consultation,Industry Canada (IC)
    48. 48. Data Policy
    49. 49. Geo Research Datahttp://www.ipy-api.gc.ca/pg_IPYAPI_052-fra.html
    50. 50. Health Datahttp://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/34846.html
    51. 51. Open Gov. Resolutionhttp://www.oic-ci.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr-ori-ari_2010_1.aspx
    52. 52. Policy Primers & Guidelineshttp://geoconnections.nrcan.gc.ca/18
    53. 53. Open Government Partnershiphttp://geoconnections.nrcan.gc.ca/18
    54. 54. LAWhttp://www.cippic.ca/
    55. 55. Law and PolicyMapping the Legal and PolicyBoundaries of Digital Cartography(SSHRC Partnership Project)- Centre for Law, Technology andSociety- Natural Resources Canada- Geomatics and CartographicResearch CentreEthics and Consent in Arctic DigitalResearch- Interdisciplinary, historical & culturalstudy of consent- Examine Consent Models in the North- Consult w/ northern data contributors- Consult w/ researchers & officials- GCRC & CLTS will Develop a data consentmodel- GCRC to Build a data collection consentframework into data collection technology
    56. 56. GCRC – Guiding Principles• Products produced w/public funds belong to the public Whenever possible open access comes first BSD License Use data from open access sources Creative Commons Share as much as possible Publish in Open Access Journals Create and use open source software, tools, widgets, etc. Design for open source browsers Participate in open access, open data, open source for a Build in consent and data access protocols into data collection tools Conduct research on access to data, consent, law and policy Encourage these principles in public consultations Education & Capacity building Adhere to interoperability standards and specifications Data Preservation
    57. 57. Librarian Powers can be used to… Point to these data & apps Point citizens to data resources Examine & evaluate portals Cataloguing expertise Data & app curation Be a citizen librarian at hackfest & hackathons Contribute expertise in public consultations Advise your city, prov. & fed gov’ts Develop a local advisory/reference group for non profits Volunteer in a local org. & help w/their data resources (e.g., librariansw/out borders)
    58. 58. Contact info: tlauriau@gmail.com

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