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An Open Data Story


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1st Seminar
The Programmable City Project
Open data & evidence informed decision making
November 15, 2013

Published in: Data & Analytics
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An Open Data Story

  1. 1. An Open Data Story 1st Seminar The Programmable City Project Open data & evidence informed decision making Dr Tracey P. Lauriault Programmable City Project NIRSA, NUIM
  2. 2. Content  Discovering the power of data  Access to Data (Canada)  Open Data (+/-Canada)  Data and The Programmable City Project  Open data in Ireland...
  3. 3. Discovering the Power of Data
  4. 4. University Setting Image source: University Geomatics MADGIC
  5. 5. Federal Government Setting Provincial and Territorial Geomatics Accord (2001)
  6. 6. Civil Society Setting Geographic and Numeric Information Systems Social Planning Network of Ontario
  7. 7. Research Setting R Research Data Consultations
  8. 8. Access to Data in Canada
  9. 9. Canada’s Access Story  Universities / Research libraries, data & GIS librarians  Library and Archives Canada (LAC)  Granting Councils – SSHRC/NSERC/CIHR  Scientists – natural & social  Geomatics  NGOs & Civil Society (social, environmental)  Governments, Federal, Provinces, Territories & Cities
  10. 10. Data Cyber/infrastructures Institutional Framework •administration •policy •law •skills Technical Standards •data integration •Interoperability •Preservation •transfer Framework Data •geodetic •base maps Access Network •catalogs •metadata •web services •atlas Geospatial Data Infrastructure (GDI)
  11. 11. Open Data (Canada)
  12. 12. In the background...  Platforms:  GoogleMaps - mashups  Flickr – geotagging  MyDelicious – Folksonomies  Blogging & Vlogging  YouTube  Facebook  Twitter  Open Access  SPARC  CIHR  Data Management  International Polar Year  Open Source  Un-conferences  Bar camps  GOSLING gaggles  Community WiFi  Law  Lawrence Lessig  Future of Ideas  Code is Law  Creative Commons  Canadian Internet Public Policy Interest Clinic  Michael Geist  Teresa Scassa  David Fewer
  13. 13. Access to Public Data
  14. 14. UK Guardian Free Our Data Campaign
  15. 15. US
  16. 16. Open Data Definitions (sample)  1992 - UNCED – Agenda 21 Chapter 40, Information for Decision Making  2005 - Open Knowledge Foundation (OKNF) - 11 Principles (Licence specific)  2007 - US Open Government Working Group - 8 principles of Open Government Data  GEOSS - Data Sharing Principles for the Global Earth Observing System of Systems  Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data  Panton Principles for Open Data in Science  Open Economics Principles  Ontario Information Privacy Commissioner - 7 Principles  Sunlight Foundation - 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information  US Association of Computing Machinery (USACM) – Recommendations on Open Government  American Library Association (ALA) – Access to Government Information Principles  Open Congress - Open Data and Open Database Creation Principles  W3C - Publishing Open Government Data  Tim Berners-Lee 5 Star of Open Data  OECD, Recommendations on Public Sector Information  OECD, Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding
  17. 17. Most Popular Open Data Defs. 1. Access 2. Redistribution 3. Reuse 4. Absence of Technological Restriction 5. Attribution 6. Integrity 7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 9. Distribution of License 10. License Must Not Be Specific to a Package 11. License Must Not Restrict the Distribution of Other Works ★ make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license ★★ make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) ★★★ use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) ★★★★ use URIs to denote things, so that people can point at your stuff ★★★★★ link your data to other data to provide context Tim Berners-Lee, 5 star deployment scheme for Open Data
  18. 18. Cities take the lead in Canada
  19. 19. G4 + 1 Ottawa, Toronto, Edmonton, Vancouver + Montreal
  20. 20. Open Data Cities 1. Banff Open Data Portal, (AB) Pilot 2. City of Brandon (MB) 3. City of Burlington (ON), Pilot 4. City of Calgary (AB) 5. City of Edmonton (AB) 6. City of Fredericton (NB) 7. Portail dedonnées ouvertes de la ville de Gatineau, Gatineau Ouverte – Citizen Led 8. County of Grande Prairie (AB) 9. Halifax Regional Municipality (NS) 10. City of Hamilton Open and Accessible Data (ON), City of Hamilton (Transit Feed) (ON), Open Data Hamilton – Citizen Led ***NEW 11. OpenHalton (ON) – Citizen Led 12. City of Kelowna Open Data Catalog (BC) ***NEW 13. City of London (ON), OpenData London – Citizen Led 14. Township of Langley (BC) 15. Open Data Medicine Hat (AB) 16. City of Mississauga – Mississauga Data (ON) 17. Ville de Montréal Portails données ouvertes (QC), Montréal Ouvert – Citizen Led 18. City of Nanaimo (BC) 19. City of Niagara Falls (ON) 20. Region of Niagara (ON) 21. Regional District of North Okanagan (BC) 22. District of North Vancouver (BC) GeoWeb 23. City of Ottawa (ON), Citizens’ APP Group – OpenData Ottawa; Apps 24. Region of Peel (ON) 25. City of Prince George (BC) 26. Ville de Québec Catalogue de données, Capitale Ouverte (QC)- Citizen Led in Ville de Québec 27. City of Red Deer, Alberta 28. City of Regina (SK) Open Gov & Open Data site 29. Open Data Saskatoon, interim portal 30. City of Surrey (BC) GIS Catalog 31. City of Toronto (ON); DataTO – Citizen Group 32. City of Vancouver (BC); Open Data Wiki 33. City of Victoria (BC) 34. Open Data (city) Waterloo (ON). 35. Region of Waterloo (ON), Region of Waterloo – Citizen Led, 36. City of Windsor (ON) Open Data Catalog
  21. 21. Open Data Provinces 1. Data BC 2. Alberta Open Data government portal 3. Open Data Saskatchewan, Citizen Led 4. Ontario Open Data 5. Données ouvertes Portail du Gouvernement du Québec, Québec Ouvert – Citizen Led
  22. 22. Federal Open Data  Geogratis & Geobase & Discovery Portal & Atlas of Canada  Office of the Information Commissioners Open Government Resolutions   Research Data Canada  Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) Open Data
  23. 23. Citizen Engagement Budget Plateau
  24. 24. Citizen Recreation
  25. 25. Accountability
  26. 26. Public Health
  27. 27. Chief Medical Officer of Health
  28. 28. Accessibility Catherine Roy:
  29. 29. Transparency  Les appels d’offres et certain contrats octroyés de la Ville de Montréal et la province du Québec (version détaillée ici)  Le registre des entreprises du Canada  Les dons au partis politiques du Canada  Les dons aux partis politiques du Québec  Le registre des lobbyistes du gouvernment fédéral(aussi registre et journal)  Licenses restreintes dans l'industrie de la construction  Les contrats octroyés par la Ville de Laval depuis 2007  Les contrats octroyés par la Ville de Montréal depuis 2006
  30. 30. Hackathons 11/23/compte-rendu-du-3e- hackathon-montreal- ouvert/?lang=en /TranspoCampMTL
  31. 31. Entrepreneurs  All 10,000 public and private foundations.  Exhaustive list of federal and provincial funding programs specifically for non- profits (over 700).  Corporate funders (500 and growing).
  32. 32. Transportation Planning Au niveau municipal, les données sont accessibles indirectement sur le site de la ville de Montréal. En d'autres termes, ces données n'ont pas été prévues pour être utilisées de manière directe mais sont affichées sur une carte dans la section Info-Travaux. Au niveau provinciale, les données viennent du Ministère des transports du Québec et de son service Québec 511. Là aussi le MTQ se démarque de ses homologues canadiens en étant a priori le premier à proposer des données GPS pour la localisation des chantiers.
  33. 33. Advocacy /index.html
  34. 34. Data Negotiation
  35. 35. Citizen Science
  36. 36. Environment centre/press-releases/court-victory-forces- canada-to-report-pollution-data-for-mines
  37. 37. Funding
  38. 38. Open by Design
  39. 39. Programmable City
  40. 40. Analytical Framework Translation: City into code Transduction: Code reshapes city Understanding the city (Knowledge) P 1: How are digital data generated and processed about cities and their citizens? P 5: How does software drive public policy development and implementation? Managing the city (Governance) P 2: How are discourses and practices of city governance translated into code? P 6: How is software used to regulate and govern city life? Working in the city (Production) P 3: How is the geography and political economy of software production organised? P 7: How does software alter the forma and nature of work? Living in the city (Social Politics) P 4: How is software discursively produced and legitimated by vested interests? P 8: How does software transform the spatiality and spatial behaviour of individuals? Analytical framework of the SOFTCITY project Source: NIRSA Programmable City Project Post Doctoral Application Document
  41. 41. Kitchin’s Assemblages • Systems of thought • Governmentalities • Political economy • Forms of knowledge • Practices • Subjectivities • Materialities/Infrastructures • Organisations and institutions • Places • Marketplaces
  42. 42. Information Requirements  Instantiations – smartcities (IBM), sustainable connected cities (INTEL), government, community based, data analytics, big data, open data  Infrastructures – portals, metadata catalogs, standards, formats, requirements, architecture, APIS, data (materialities)  Policies/Laws – licenses, regulation, guidelines, agreements, contracts, privacy, access, IPR (political economy)  People – hactivists / public servants /researchers / company employeers / communities / data users / data producers / data brokers / app developers / entrepreneurs / curators /consultants / politician / coder, prosumer, citizen scientists (subjectivities)  Activities – hackathons, conferences, g 2 b, data users, sales, apps development, evidence informed decision making, planning, advocacy, collective data gathering/OSM, sensing, surveillance (Practices)  Places – organization (ngos, gov. Office, etc.), public space (cafe), hubs (t-cube), storage, lists, blogs, websites, groups, virtual - hangouts/skype, bulletin boards/software/calendars  Incentive structures – profit, democratic deliberation, MIS, notoriety-market, citizen science/VGI/crowd, data analytics, social need/desire/affect, obligation, creativity, propaganda, amusement, team, social expectations? (Subjectivities / marketplace)  Data – types, forms, controls, use, access, communities, users, classifications, standards, institutions, preservation/lifecycle, quality, medium
  43. 43. Open Data in Ireland