CIPPIC 2012 Summer Lecture Series


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CIPPIC 2012 Summer Lecture Series

  1. 1. CIPPIC Summer Speaker Series A little bit about mapping Tracey P. Lauriault, Amos Hayes, D. R. Fraser Taylor Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre, Carleton University (, Maps, Location and Law Wednesday May 30, 2012 Room 102 Fauteux Building, Noon – 2PM
  2. 2. GCRC• GCRC is an official Research Centre in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.• Research focus on the application of geomatics to the understanding of • socio-economic issues, • the theory of cartography and • cartographic education in an international context.• It has capacity in a broad range of activities in the field of GIP• The centre currently focuses on 12 interrelated research themes • Cybercartography • Indigenous Knowledge • Archiving and Preservation • Northern Research • Law and Policy • Nunaliit • Geospatial Information Management • Open Source • Interoperability • Sound • Global Map • Cinema
  3. 3. GRCR Research Centre Funding • SSHRC • Government of Canada • Initiative on the New Economy (INE) • HRSDC - Data Development Projects Major Collaborative Initiative Grant on Homelessness Program • Image, Text, Sound and Technology • Heritage Canada - Gateway Fund (ITST) Strategic Grant • Statistics Canada, Geography Division • INE Outreach Grant & Standard Research Grants • Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Grant • International Polar Year • Natural Resources Canada Canada • NSERC • Canada Foundation for • Indian & Northern Affairs Innovation (CFI) • Canadian International Polar Year Secretariat Office • Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research • Government of Nunavut • Inuit Heritage Trust • Inukshuk Wireless • Kitikmeot Heritage Society (NPO)
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Mapping
  6. 6. Blue MarbleJoseph Campbell “the society of the Planet” from the Power of the Myth in reference to the Blue Marble Image released by NASA in 1972
  7. 7. Global Map ISCGM: Data Use Agreement: GCRC & Global Map:
  8. 8. National Mapping
  9. 9. Forest – Atlas of Canada 1st Edition 2nd Edition 3rd Edition 6th Edition 4th Edition 5th Edition
  10. 10. Communication - – Atlas of Canada 1st Edition 2nd Edition 3rd Edition 4th Edition 5th Edition
  11. 11. Treaties - – Atlas of Canada 5th Edition
  12. 12. Empires Map – Atlas of Canada 2nd Edition, circa 1914
  13. 13. Resisting a spatial arrangement View of Land Parcel Survey Grid around Winnipeg Manitoba, Agri-Map viewer, accessed November 4, 2011 0Viewer.
  14. 14. Commission Mapping • Bilingual Districts Advisory Board, 1971 & 1975 • Bilingualism and Biculturalism, Royal Commission on, 1965 & 1967
  15. 15. Medical Officers of Health
  16. 16. Cities
  17. 17. Community Data Program
  18. 18. Social Data Portals Data are inaccessible to researchers Data access is controlled http://www.municipaldata-
  19. 19. Social Planning Network of Ontario Geographical and Numeric Information Systems (GANIS) is a working group formally charged by the Social Planning Network of Ontario to coordinate data and GIS activities for member organizations (
  20. 20. Social Planning Council of Ottawa Data & Software - CIMS Infrastructure (Open Source) - Health Districts(Viewing only) - Community Social Data Strategy Data (Viewing only) - Geogratis Data (unrestricted use) - Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (Viewing only) - Community created data sets (Viewing only) - City of Ottawa Ward Boundaries (Open Data)Using Population Health Data to Profile the Healthand Well-Being of Children and Youth in Eastern Ontario Community Information and Mapping System (CIMS) (
  21. 21. Social Planning Council of Winnipeg Community Data Program Member - Social Planning Council of Winnipeg (
  22. 22. Community Data Canada
  23. 23. Mapping at the GCRC
  24. 24. Cybercartographic Atlases Cybercartography is a new theoretical construct proposed by D.R. Fraser Taylor (1997, 2003). It is the organization, presentation, analysis and communication of spatially referenced information on a wide variety of topics of interest and use to society in an interactive, dynamic, multimedia, multisensory and multidisciplinary format. Beyond its multiple specificities (Taylor, 2003), cybercartography offers an unprecedented opportunity for deeply rethinking the way we design, produce, disseminate and use maps on the Internet. These changes require a new cartographic paradigm that can be approached from different perspectives.
  25. 25. ISIUOP – Participatory Data Collection Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD) - Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use) - Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights) - More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentally sensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only - Data will become part of IPY Canada
  26. 26. Nunaliit iPad Data Capture app Community: • Wished access was faster and atlas and data were housed in community • Wished adding content was easier • Needed flexibility for types of data and metadata to be saved and how to present it Nunaliit: • Distributed network of replicating nodes, including nodes in communities, and on mobile • Simplified data collection app replaces half a dozen devices for offline data collection • Document oriented database with data and applications loosely connected via flexible schema system
  27. 27. Inuit Siku (sea ice) Atlas
  28. 28. Lake Huron Treaty Atlas
  29. 29. Law and PolicyMapping the Legal and Policy Ethics and Consent in Arctic DigitalBoundaries of Digital Cartography Research(SSHRC Partnership Project) - Interdisciplinary, historical & cultural study of consent - Examine Consent Models in the North- Centre for Law, Technology and - Consult w/ northern data contributors Society - Consult w/ researchers & officials- Natural Resources Canada - GCRC & CLTS will Develop a data consent- Geomatics and Cartographic model Research Centre - GCRC to Build a data collection consent framework into data collection technology
  30. 30. Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness– Partnership Data Sharing Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework ( BSD) - Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) Statistics Canada (Restricted use) - FCM QoLRS (Viewing only) - City Neighbourhood framework data files (Viewing only) - Toronto Community Housing (Viewing only)
  31. 31. City of Toronto – Aging Social Housing Stock
  32. 32. Atlas of Antarctica ritorial/territories.xml.html ro/intro.xml.html#introduction
  33. 33. Federal Election Sound Map
  34. 34. GCRC – Guiding Principles• Products produced w/public funds belong to the public  Whenever possible open access comes first  BSD License  Use data from open access sources  Creative Commons  Share as much as possible  Publish in Open Access Journals  Create and use open source software, tools, widgets, etc.  Design for open source browsers  Participate in open access, open data, open source for a  Build in consent and data access protocols into data collection tools  Conduct research on access to data, consent, law and policy  Encourage these principles in public consultations  Education & Capacity building  Adhere to interoperability standards and specifications  Data Preservation
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