A Conversation About Research Data


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A discussion about publicly funded data and how to make data and products available to the public.

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A Conversation About Research Data

  1. 1. A Conversation About Publicly Funded Research Data / Une conversation à propos des données de recherche financés par l‘état Tracey P. Lauriault, Amos Hayes, D. R. Fraser Taylor Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre, Carleton University (http://gcrc.carleton.ca)Conversation* de la recherche / Research conversation* École des sciences de l’information / School of Information Studies ESIS, Université d’Ottawa /Ottawa University, Wed. March. 21, 12:00-13:30, 200 rue Lees, B-152
  2. 2. GCRC• GCRC is an official Research Centre in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.• Research focus on the application of geomatics to the understanding of • socio-economic issues, • the theory of cartography and • cartographic education in an international context.• It has capacity in a broad range of activities in the field of GIP• The centre currently focuses on 12 interrelated research themes • Cybercartography • Indigenous Knowledge • Archiving and Preservation • Northern Research • Law and Policy • Nunaliit • Geospatial Information Management • Open Source • Interoperability • Sound • Global Map • Cinema https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Overview
  3. 3. Public Funding
  4. 4. GRCR Research Centre Funding • SSHRC • Government of Canada • Initiative on the New Economy (INE) • HRSDC - Data Development Projects Major Collaborative Initiative Grant on Homelessness Program • Image, Text, Sound and Technology • Heritage Canada - Gateway Fund (ITST) Strategic Grant • Statistics Canada, Geography Division • INE Outreach Grant & Standard Research Grants • Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Grant • International Polar Year • Natural Resources Canada Canada • NSERC • Canada Foundation for • Indian & Northern Affairs Innovation (CFI) • Canadian International Polar Year Secretariat Office • Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research • Government of Nunavut • Inuit Heritage Trust • Inukshuk Wireless • Kitikmeot Heritage Society (NPO) https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Overview
  5. 5. Participatory Research Data
  6. 6. ISIUOP – Participatory Data Collection Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD) - Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use) - Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights) - More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentally sensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only - Data will become part of IPY Canada https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/ISIUOP/Inuit+Sea+Ice+Use+and+Occupancy+Project+(ISIUOP)
  7. 7. Nunaliit iPad Data Capture app Community: • Wished access was faster and atlas and data were housed in community • Wished adding content was easier • Needed flexibility for types of data and metadata to be saved and how to present it Nunaliit: • Distributed network of replicating nodes, including nodes in communities, and on mobile • Simplified data collection app replaces half a dozen devices for offline data collection • Document oriented database with data and applications loosely connected via flexible schema system
  8. 8. Inuit Siku (sea ice) Atlas http://sikuatlas.ca/sea_ice_map.html?module=1
  9. 9. Law and PolicyMapping the Legal and Policy Ethics and Consent in Arctic DigitalBoundaries of Digital Cartography Research(SSHRC Partnership Project) - Interdisciplinary, historical & cultural study of consent - Examine Consent Models in the North- Centre for Law, Technology and - Consult w/ northern data contributors Society - Consult w/ researchers & officials- Natural Resources Canada - GCRC & CLTS will Develop a data consent- Geomatics and Cartographic model Research Centre - GCRC to Build a data collection consent framework into data collection technology
  10. 10. Data Portals - RNCan / NRCan http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/ http://www.geobase.cahttp://geodiscover.cgdi.ca http://www.geoconnections.org/fr/resou rcelibrary/keyStudiesReports
  11. 11. Data Partnerships
  12. 12. Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness– Partnership Data Sharing Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework ( BSD) - Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) Statistics Canada (Restricted use) - FCM QoLRS (Viewing only) - City Neighbourhood framework data files (Viewing only) - Toronto Community Housing (Viewing only) https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Atlases
  13. 13. City of Toronto – Aging Social Housing Stock https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Atlases
  14. 14. Social Data Portals Data are inaccessible to researchers Data access is controlled http://www.municipaldata- donneesmunicipales.ca/Site/Collection/en/index.php http://hifis.hrsdc.gc.ca/index-eng.shtml
  15. 15. Technology
  16. 16. Accessible Technology http://sikuatlas.ca/technology.html
  17. 17. Nunaliit The development team behind Nunaliit believes strongly that all the outputs of publically funded research and development should be freely available for use, modification, and re-distribution with minimal restrictions. We feel this open sharing of ideas and data is going to have huge positive impacts on society as a whole. With this license, everyone is free to use and expand upon this technology. http://nunaliit.org/about.html
  18. 18. Managing Research Data
  19. 19. IPY – Research funding and data management http://www.ipy-api.gc.ca/pg_IPYAPI_052-eng.html
  20. 20. Canadian Institute for Health Information Policy on Access to Research Outputs http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/34846.htmlhttp://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/35664.html
  21. 21. Research Data Canada Infrastructure: “Canada supports a national, coordinated network of repositories and services for collection, preservation and dissemination of research data, which make use of green storage facilities wherever possible. Canadian services are linked to the global research data ecosystem and are interoperable with other national, international and disciplinary networks. Data quality, integrity, and interoperability are ensured through adherence to international discipline and metadata standards”. http://rds-sdr.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/news/data_summit_report.html
  22. 22. Community Based Research Data
  23. 23. Community Data Consortium https://communitydata-donneescommunautaires.ca
  24. 24. Community Data Canada http://cdc-dcc.info/mandate.php
  25. 25. Social Planning Council of Ottawa Data & Software - CIMS Infrastructure (Open Source) - Health Districts(Viewing only) - Community Social Data Strategy Data (Viewing only) - Geogratis Data (unrestricted use) - Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (Viewing only) - Community created data sets (Viewing only) - City of Ottawa Ward Boundaries (Open Data)Using Population Health Data to Profile the Healthand Well-Being of Children and Youth in Eastern Ontariohttp://www.cims-scic.ca/CYHNEO_atlas Community Information and Mapping System (CIMS) (http://www.cims-scic.ca/)
  26. 26. Social Planning Council of Winnipeg Community Data Program Member - Social Planning Council of Winnipeg (http://www.spcw.mb.ca)
  27. 27. Where to ask for & find data?
  28. 28. Open Data Portals – Fed. http://www.data.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=F9B7A1E3-1 http://acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/ACDI- CIDA.nsf/eng/FRA-511112638-L57
  29. 29. Open Data – Prov. http://www.data.gov.bc.ca/
  30. 30. Open Data – Cities • Ville de Montréal Portails données ouvertes (QC), Montréal Ouvert – Citizen Led • City of Nanaimo (BC)• OpenData Framework; Municipal Open • City of Niagara Falls (ON)Government Framework • District of North Vancouver (BC) GeoWeb• City of Burlington (ON), Pilot • City of Ottawa (ON), Citizens’ APP Group –• City of Calgary (AB) OpenData Ottawa; Apps• City of Edmonton (AB) • Ville de Québec Catalogue de données,• City of Fredericton (NB) Capitale Ouverte (QC)- Citizen Led in Ville• Gatineau Ouverte – Citizen Led de Québec• City of Guelph (ON), Guelph Coffee and • City of Prince George (BC) catalogCode – Citizen Led • City of Regina (SK) Open Gov & Open Data• City of Hamilton (Transit Feed) (ON), siteOpen Data Hamilton – Citizen Led • City of Surrey (BC) GIS Catalog• OpenHalton (ON) – Citizen Led • City of Toronto (ON); DataTO – Citizen• City of London (ON), OpenData London – GroupCitizen Led • City of Vancouver (BC); Open Data Wiki• Township of Langley (BC) • Region of Waterloo (ON) – Citizen Led• City of Mississauga – Mississauga Data • City of Windsor (ON) Open Data Catalog(ON) http://datalibre.ca/links-resources/
  31. 31. GCRC Guiding Principles
  32. 32. GCRC – Guiding Principles• Products produced w/public funds belong to the public  Whenever possible open access comes first  BSD License  Use data from open access sources  Creative Commons  Share as much as possible  Publish in Open Access Journals  Create and use open source software, tools, widgets, etc.  Design for open source browsers  Participate in open access, open data, open source for a  Build in consent and data access protocols into data collection tools  Conduct research on access to data, consent, law and policy  Encourage these principles in public consultations  Education & Capacity building  Adhere to interoperability standards and specifications  Data Preservation
  33. 33. Openness The more open, accessible, interoperable, free and discoverable public data are the more innovation we will see, the more stories we can tell about Canada from multiple points of view and public policy, research and science is more intelligent That is why it is important to have a conversation about data.