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Opening Research Data


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Most university based research is publicly funded and researchers use government data in their work, the data derived from the research of others, and also produce data as part of the research process. The Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC) at Carleton University does this and also adheres to the principle that publicly funded research results should be created in such a way that they can be re-disseminated back to the public. I will therefore discuss how the GCRC collaboratively collects, uses, maps and re-disseminates its data and will highlight some of the open data issues it encounters while doing so. Also, it will be argued that even though the GCRC adheres to access principles, a lack of a national digital data archive and data preservation and management support from granting councils impedes the GCRC and others from sharing their data more broadly while open data strategies have yet to take research data into consideration. Most notably, Canada does not have a research data archive, preservation policy nor a network of university based data repositories.

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Opening Research Data

  1. 1. Opening Research Data Tracey P. Lauriault, Amos Hayes, D. R. Fraser Taylor Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (CGRC) Carleton University (, Creative Commons Salon - Open Data CIPPIC & the Creative Law SocietyResearch, Business & Journalism: Data in the Professional Sphere (Panel) Fri. March 30, 15:00-16:00, Fauteux bldg. rm FTX 147B, University of Ottawa
  2. 2. Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre• GCRC is an official Research Centre, Dept. of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University• Research focus is on the application of geomatics to the understanding of • socio-economic issues, • the theory of cartography and • cartographic education in an international context.• It has capacity in a broad range of activities in the field of GIP• The centre currently focuses on 12 interrelated research themes • Cybercartography • Indigenous Knowledge • Archiving and Preservation • Northern Research • Law and Policy • Nunaliit • Geospatial Information Management • Open Source • Interoperability • Sound • Global Map • Cinema
  3. 3. Atlases ographic+Atlas+of+Indigenous+Perspectives+and+Knowledge +Description
  4. 4. Public Funding
  5. 5. GRCR Research Centre Funding • SSHRC • Government of Nunavut • Partnership De • Inuit Heritage Trust • Initiative on the New Economy (INE) • Kitikmeot Heritage Society Major Collaborative Initiative Grant (NPO) • Image, Text, Sound and Technology • Government of Canada (ITST) Strategic Grant • INE Outreach Grant & Standard • HRSDC - Data Development Projects Research Grants on Homelessness Program • International Polar Year • Heritage Canada - Gateway Fund Canada • Statistics Canada, Geography Division • NSERC • Department of Foreign Affairs and • Indian & Northern Affairs International Trade Grant • Canadian International Polar Year Secretariat Office • Natural Resources Canada • Scientific Committee on • Canada Foundation for Antarctic Research Innovation (CFI) • Inukshuk Wireless
  6. 6. Participatory Research Data
  7. 7. ISIUOP – Participatory Data Collection Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD) - Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use) - Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights) - More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentally sensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only - Data will become part of IPY Canada
  8. 8. Inuit Siku (sea ice) Atlas – Cape Dorset
  9. 9. Law and PolicyMapping the Legal and Policy Ethics and Consent in Arctic DigitalBoundaries of Digital Cartography Research(SSHRC Partnership Project) - Interdisciplinary, historical & cultural study of consentTraditional knowledge and - Examine Consent Models in the North“volunteered” geographic information - Consult w/ northern data contributors- informed consent, - Consult w/ researchers & officials- intellectual & cultural property - GCRC & CLTS will Develop a data consent- and privacy model - GCRC to Build a data collection consent- Centre for Law, Technology and framework into data collection technology Society & CIPPIC - Funded by IPY Data Legacy- Natural Resources Canada- Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre
  10. 10. Nunaliit iPad Data Capture app Community: • Wished access was faster and atlas and data were housed in community • Wished adding content was easier • Needed flexibility for types of data and metadata to be saved and how to present it Nunaliit: • Distributed network of replicating nodes, including nodes in communities, and on mobile • Simplified data collection app replaces half a dozen devices for offline data collection • Document oriented database with data and applications loosely connected via flexible schema system
  11. 11. Data Portals - RNCan / NRCan http://www.geobase.ca rcelibrary/keyStudiesReports
  12. 12. Data Partnerships
  13. 13. Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness– Partnership Data Sharing Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework ( BSD) - Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) Statistics Canada (Restricted use) - FCM QoLRS (Viewing only) - City Neighbourhood framework data files (Viewing only) - Toronto Community Housing (Viewing only)
  14. 14. City of Toronto – Aging Social Housing Stock
  15. 15. Social Data Portals Data are inaccessible to researchers Data access is controlled http://www.municipaldata-
  16. 16. Technology
  17. 17. Accessible Technology
  18. 18. SVG – Audio Visual Open Source
  19. 19. Nunaliit The development team behind Nunaliit believes strongly that all the outputs of publically funded research and development should be freely available for use, modification, and re-distribution with minimal restrictions. We feel this open sharing of ideas and data is going to have huge positive impacts on society as a whole. With this license, everyone is free to use and expand upon this technology.
  20. 20. Managing Research Data
  21. 21. IPY – Research funding and data management
  22. 22. Canadian Institute for Health Information Policy on Access to Research Outputs
  23. 23. Research Data Canada Infrastructure: “Canada supports a national, coordinated network of repositories and services for collection, preservation and dissemination of research data, which make use of green storage facilities wherever possible. Canadian services are linked to the global research data ecosystem and are interoperable with other national, international and disciplinary networks. Data quality, integrity, and interoperability are ensured through adherence to international discipline and metadata standards”.
  24. 24. GCRC Guiding Principles
  25. 25. GCRC – Guiding Principles• Products produced w/public funds belong to the public  Whenever possible open access comes first  BSD License  Use data from open access sources  Creative Commons  Share as much as possible  Publish in Open Access Journals  Create and use open source software, tools, widgets, etc.  Design for open source browsers  Participate in open access, open data, open source for a  Build in consent and data access protocols into data collection tools  Conduct research on access to data, consent, law and policy  Encourage these principles in public consultations  Education & Capacity building  Adhere to interoperability standards and specifications  Data Preservation