Reducing our Carbon
                 Footprint
                                Tom Raftery
                               ...
Background


              • Social media?
              • Building a Data Centre
                  • Cork Internet eXchan...
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                3
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                4
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                5
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                6
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                7
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                8
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                9
Influencing factors

                  • Controlling DC running costs
                      • Staffing - reasonably controll...
Current energy
                               situation

                            Electricity
                         ...
2025 energy situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Win...
The Problem!


                      • Wind energy de-stabilises grid
                      • Current grid infrastructure ...
Wind Energy supply




Wednesday 7 November 2007                14
Energy Demand




Wednesday 7 November 2007                   15
Current energy
              situation - problematic

                            Electricity
                            ...
2025 energy situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Win...
2025 energy situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Win...
Also Climate Change




Wednesday 7 November 2007               19
3 Energy strategies



                      • Build a hyper energy-efficient DC
                      • Network data centr...
Energy efficient DC

                                Standard DC   CIX
                                   33%         12%
 ...
DC Power Network

                      • Create a Data Centre power network
                      • Network generates pow...
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     23
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     24
Energy Demand
                             Management


                            • Can’t control supply
               ...
Energy Demand
                             Management


                             • Energy Reduction
                  ...
Energy Demand
                             Management

                             • Energy Time Shift
                  ...
Energy Demand
                             Management

                             • Energy Demand Stimulation
          ...
Energy Demand
              Management Incentives


                            • Single Energy Market
                   ...
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     30
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     31
Synergy Module
                                             Eirgrid
                                              NCC


  ...
Conclusion


                            • Wind power has massive
                              potential
                ...
Last bit of Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                34
References

                            •   Uptime Institute - upsite.com

                            •   APC - apc.com

...
Thanks

                                   Tom Raftery

                             Blog: www.tomrafteryit.net
          ...
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Reducing our carbon footprint

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Using energy demand management to increase wind energy penetration and reduce our carbon footprint.

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Reducing our carbon footprint

  1. 1. Reducing our Carbon Footprint Tom Raftery blog: tomrafteryit.net blog: synergymodule.com blog: cix.ie podcast: podleaders.com email: tom@tomrafteryit.net Wednesday 7 November 2007 1
  2. 2. Background • Social media? • Building a Data Centre • Cork Internet eXchange (CIX) • First in Ireland outside Dublin Wednesday 7 November 2007 2
  3. 3. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 3
  4. 4. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 4
  5. 5. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 5
  6. 6. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 6
  7. 7. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 7
  8. 8. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 8
  9. 9. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 9
  10. 10. Influencing factors • Controlling DC running costs • Staffing - reasonably controllable • Connectivity - decreasing • Energy - increasing • => focus on energy Wednesday 7 November 2007 10
  11. 11. Current energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 5GW max 0.9GW max 6.5% 2006 avg 1.8GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 11
  12. 12. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 33% 2025 avg 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 12
  13. 13. The Problem! • Wind energy de-stabilises grid • Current grid infrastructure can’t take any more • Currently 2GW outstanding Wednesday 7 November 2007 13
  14. 14. Wind Energy supply Wednesday 7 November 2007 14
  15. 15. Energy Demand Wednesday 7 November 2007 15
  16. 16. Current energy situation - problematic Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 5GW max 0.9GW max 2006 6.5% 1.8GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 16
  17. 17. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 2025 33% 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 17
  18. 18. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 2025 33% 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 18
  19. 19. Also Climate Change Wednesday 7 November 2007 19
  20. 20. 3 Energy strategies • Build a hyper energy-efficient DC • Network data centres • Energy Demand Management Wednesday 7 November 2007 20
  21. 21. Energy efficient DC Standard DC CIX 33% 12% Chiller 3% <1% Humidifier 9% 4% CRAC 30% 80% IT Equipment 5% 0.01% PDU 18% <2% UPS 1% <1% Lighting 1% 1% Switch Gear Wednesday 7 November 2007 21
  22. 22. DC Power Network • Create a Data Centre power network • Network generates power for grid by day and pulls surplus power from grid by night • Give control of network to Eirgrid • Eirgrid can now buy more wind power Wednesday 7 November 2007 22
  23. 23. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 23
  24. 24. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 24
  25. 25. Energy Demand Management • Can’t control supply • => Control demand • => Energy Demand Management Wednesday 7 November 2007 25
  26. 26. Energy Demand Management • Energy Reduction • Diesel Generators • Heating and Cooling Thermostat Control Wednesday 7 November 2007 26
  27. 27. Energy Demand Management • Energy Time Shift • Refrigeration • Ice Bank Air Conditioning • Storage heating • Smart Domestic Appliances Wednesday 7 November 2007 27
  28. 28. Energy Demand Management • Energy Demand Stimulation • Swimming Pool Heating (via Heat Pump) • Plug In Hybrid Vehicles (Toyota Prius 2009) • H2 production Wednesday 7 November 2007 28
  29. 29. Energy Demand Management Incentives • Single Energy Market • Dynamic energy pricing • Reduced energy bills • Reduced carbon footprint Wednesday 7 November 2007 29
  30. 30. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 30
  31. 31. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 31
  32. 32. Synergy Module Eirgrid NCC Synergy Module NCC Synergy Synergy Synergy Synergy Module Module Module Module Diesel Refrigeration Ice Bank PIHV Generator Wednesday 7 November 2007 32
  33. 33. Conclusion • Wind power has massive potential • Wreaks havoc on grid • EDM can counter the instability • => Greater use of wind energy Wednesday 7 November 2007 33
  34. 34. Last bit of Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 34
  35. 35. References • Uptime Institute - upsite.com • APC - apc.com • GE - ge.com • CIX Energy Efficiency White Paper - www.cix.ie/air- conditioning-efficiency-at-the-cix-data-centre • Synergy Module - synergymodule.com • Eirgrid - eirgrid.ie Wednesday 7 November 2007 35
  36. 36. Thanks Tom Raftery Blog: www.tomrafteryit.net Podcast: www.podleaders.com Email: tom@tomrafteryit.net Wednesday 7 November 2007 36

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