Abstract Art Defined A nonrepresentational style in painting or sculpture. A painting or sculpture that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world - even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way. The subject of the work is based on what you see: color, shapes, brushstrokes, size, scale and, in some cases, the process.
Types of Abstractionism: Lyrical Lyrical Abstraction is a French style of abstract painting prevalent in 1945 -1960. Emphasizes "hot" organic and lyrical form of abstraction versus "cold" geometric abstraction form. Opposed not only to Cubist and Surrealist movements that preceded it, but also to geometric abstraction. Also referred to as “tachisme” painting.
Kazuya Akimoto, Red Propagation, 2006.
Types of Abstractionism: Geometric Geometric abstraction is a form of abstract art based on the relationships between geometric shapes, forms, colors and textures. “The impact of the acute angle of a triangle on a circle produces an effect no less powerful than the finger of God touching the finger of Adam in Michelangelo.” –Wassily Kandinsky
Wassily Kandinsky, Composition 21, 1912
Abstractionism: Contributing Factors Abstract art grew from the semirepresentational style of Cubism, incorporating the wild use of color that began in Fauvism. Major artists: Kandinsky, Mondrian, Malevich Georgia O’Keeffe, Black Place IV, 1944.
Kazimir Malevich The Knife Grinder (1912)
Russian painter and designer, with Mondrian the most important pioneer of geometric abstract art.
Born near Kiev; trained at Kiev School of Art and Moscow Academy of Fine Arts
Began creating abstract geometric patterns in style he called suprematism.
Strove to produce pure, cerebral compositions
Head of a Peasant Girl (1912-1913)
Bureau and Room (1913)
Piet Mondrian Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow (1936)
Piet Mondrian (1872-1944)
Early landscapes influenced by Matisse and Van Gogh
In 1909 Mondrian moved to Paris where he experienced the work of the Cubists.
Best known as the “square” painter.
Mondrian’s importance lies in his development of “pure” abstraction.
He was a founding member of De Stijl journal of 1917, which helped spread his artistic theories.
Composition with Large Blue Plane, Red, Black, Yellow, and Gray (1921)
Broadway Boogie-Woogie (1942-43)
Wassily Kandinsky Composition IV (1911)
Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)
“Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul.”
Russian-born artist, one of the first creators of pure abstraction in modern painting.
After successful avant-garde exhibitions, he founded the influential Munich group DerBlaue Reiter (The Blue Rider; 1911-14) and began completely abstract painting.
His forms evolved from lyrical and organic to geometric.