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Persuasive Writing
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  • 1. Persuasive Writing How to Write a Convincing Argument
  • 2. What is a persuasive essay?
    • A persuasive essay provides a convincing argument for one to believe something or do something.
      • You use persuasive language to convince your parents, teachers, siblings, etc. to do things all the time!
  • 3. Choosing a Topic
    • Choose an issue that is important to you.
      • Ex. School uniforms, year-round school, censorship
    • What are some things that you find important that you wish more people did or didn’t do?
  • 4. Prewriting
    • Research your topic.
    • To complete your persuasion map, you will need to find a goal, three main reasons, and three facts or examples to support each main reason (nine facts/examples total).
  • 5. What is a goal?
    • The goal, or thesis, will be what you are trying to convince your reader to do or say. You will use it in your introductory paragraph.
      • Ex. Students should not be forced to wear school uniforms.
    • The goal is for schools not to have uniforms.
  • 6. What are reasons?
    • Your main reasons, or opinions, will serve as the meat of your essay. Your three main reasons will be used in the three body paragraphs.
      • Ex. School uniforms infringe upon students’ needs for self-expression.
    • Because this could not be proven, this is considered an opinion.
  • 7. What are facts/examples?
    • Your facts and examples will provide the most convincing part of your essay. You need factual evidence in your body paragraphs to convince the reader.
      • Ex. In a national study among students who wear school uniforms, the average student feels stifled by wearing the same thing every day.
    • Facts like this make your argument seem more reasonable, sound, and ultimately, convincing.
  • 8. Drafting
    • Now you are ready to begin writing your essay.
      • 1) Introductory Paragraph
        • Hook- statistic, imagery, quotation, or rhetorical question (1-2 sentences)
        • Transition from hook to thesis- mention three reasons of argument (1-2 sentences)
        • Thesis- goal of your essay (1 sentence)
  • 9. Drafting
    • 2) Body Paragraph 1
      • Topic sentence- state main reason 1 (the most convincing argument)
      • Remember to make it interesting!
      • Facts and Examples (3-4 sentences)
      • Conclusion sentence- refer to main reason 1 again (Restate your opinion in a new way!)
  • 10. Drafting
    • 3) Body Paragraph 2
      • Topic sentence- state main reason 2 (the second most convincing argument)
      • Remember to make it interesting!
      • Facts and Examples (3-4 sentences)
      • Conclusion sentence- refer to main reason 2 again (Restate your opinion in a new way!)
  • 11. Drafting
    • 4) Body Paragraph 3
      • Topic sentence- state main reason 3 (the third most convincing argument)
      • Remember to make it interesting!
      • Facts and Examples (3-4 sentences)
      • The Opposition- Mention the other side of the argument but then provide a fact or example to refute it. (2-3 sentences)
        • Ex. School uniforms may reduce conflicts over expensive fashions, but isn’t student individuality more important?
      • Conclusion sentence- refer to main reason 3 again (Restate your opinion in a new way!)
  • 12. Persuasive Strategies
    • Use the following strategies in your essay. (See p. 444)
    • Anticipate and answer possible objections- What objections might your audience have to your goal or reasons?
    • Ex. Objection- School uniforms have a one-time cost.
    • Answer- Although students wear the same thing every day, students will still need clothes to wear on the weekends and after school.
  • 13. Persuasive Strategies
    • Cite precedents- a precedent is an earlier example of the action you are suggesting.
    • Ex. Precedent- In previous generations, students have worn their own clothes to school without being harmed.
  • 14. Persuasive Strategies
    • Predict benefits- tell your audience how your goal will benefit them.
    • Ex. If students are allowed to choose their own attire, students would be more comfortable in their learning environments.
  • 15. Drafting
    • 5) Concluding Paragraph
      • Restate Thesis- Find a new way to say it though!
      • Restate main reasons- Find new ways to say them!
      • Conclusion sentence- Finish your essay with a powerful sentence. Leave the reader thinking so that the argument stays with him/her for a long time.
  • 16. Revising
    • You will use a checklist to revise your own draft.
    • Revising will help you organize your thoughts clearly, strengthen your argument with persuasive words, and eliminate unnecessary details.
  • 17. Transitional Words and Transitional Phrases
    • Use the following words and/or phrases in the revising stage. (See p. 445)
    • Transitional Words: because, therefore, thus, however, although, also, similarly, another, besides, furthermore, moreover, better, best, finally
    • Transitional Phrases: as a result, for this reason, in conclusion, in contrast, in addition, for example, above all, equally important, to begin with
  • 18. Editing
    • How convincing can an essay be if it’s filled with grammatical and spelling errors?
    • These errors are distracting and take the spotlight off your essay.
    • You will use proofreading marks to correct your draft.
  • 19. The Do’s and Don’t’s of Persuasive Writing
    • Do use persuasive vocabulary.
    • Don’t try to pass off opinions as facts. (If it can’t be proven, it’s only an opinion!)
    • Do use an exciting hook.
    • Don’t start every sentence with the same word.
    • Do remember to always support your three main reasons and your goal.
    • Don’t attack the opposition. (This will only weaken your argument!)
  • 20. The Do’s and Don’t’s of Persuasive Writing
    • Do organize your three body paragraphs with the most convincing reason to least convincing reason.
    • Don’t use personal pronouns like I, me, you, we, etc.
    • Do use transitional words and transitional phrases.
    • Don’t forget to have fun!
  • 21. Quiz
    • List the 5 paragraphs that should be in a persuasive essay.
    • What two things must be in your first paragraph?
    • Which paragraph should you bring up the opposing side’s viewpoint?
    • Name two personal pronouns you should refrain from using in your essay.
    • Name three transitional words or phrases.