Persuasive Writing

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Persuasive Writing

  1. 1. Persuasive Writing How to Write a Convincing Argument
  2. 2. What is a persuasive essay? <ul><li>A persuasive essay provides a convincing argument for one to believe something or do something. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You use persuasive language to convince your parents, teachers, siblings, etc. to do things all the time! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Choosing a Topic <ul><li>Choose an issue that is important to you. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. School uniforms, year-round school, censorship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are some things that you find important that you wish more people did or didn’t do? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prewriting <ul><li>Research your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>To complete your persuasion map, you will need to find a goal, three main reasons, and three facts or examples to support each main reason (nine facts/examples total). </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is a goal? <ul><li>The goal, or thesis, will be what you are trying to convince your reader to do or say. You will use it in your introductory paragraph. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Students should not be forced to wear school uniforms. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The goal is for schools not to have uniforms. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are reasons? <ul><li>Your main reasons, or opinions, will serve as the meat of your essay. Your three main reasons will be used in the three body paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. School uniforms infringe upon students’ needs for self-expression. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because this could not be proven, this is considered an opinion. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are facts/examples? <ul><li>Your facts and examples will provide the most convincing part of your essay. You need factual evidence in your body paragraphs to convince the reader. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. In a national study among students who wear school uniforms, the average student feels stifled by wearing the same thing every day. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facts like this make your argument seem more reasonable, sound, and ultimately, convincing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Drafting <ul><li>Now you are ready to begin writing your essay. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Introductory Paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hook- statistic, imagery, quotation, or rhetorical question (1-2 sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition from hook to thesis- mention three reasons of argument (1-2 sentences) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis- goal of your essay (1 sentence) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Drafting <ul><li>2) Body Paragraph 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic sentence- state main reason 1 (the most convincing argument) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember to make it interesting! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts and Examples (3-4 sentences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion sentence- refer to main reason 1 again (Restate your opinion in a new way!) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Drafting <ul><li>3) Body Paragraph 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic sentence- state main reason 2 (the second most convincing argument) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember to make it interesting! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts and Examples (3-4 sentences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion sentence- refer to main reason 2 again (Restate your opinion in a new way!) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Drafting <ul><li>4) Body Paragraph 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic sentence- state main reason 3 (the third most convincing argument) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember to make it interesting! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts and Examples (3-4 sentences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Opposition- Mention the other side of the argument but then provide a fact or example to refute it. (2-3 sentences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. School uniforms may reduce conflicts over expensive fashions, but isn’t student individuality more important? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion sentence- refer to main reason 3 again (Restate your opinion in a new way!) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Persuasive Strategies <ul><li>Use the following strategies in your essay. (See p. 444) </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate and answer possible objections- What objections might your audience have to your goal or reasons? </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Objection- School uniforms have a one-time cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer- Although students wear the same thing every day, students will still need clothes to wear on the weekends and after school. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Persuasive Strategies <ul><li>Cite precedents- a precedent is an earlier example of the action you are suggesting. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Precedent- In previous generations, students have worn their own clothes to school without being harmed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Persuasive Strategies <ul><li>Predict benefits- tell your audience how your goal will benefit them. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. If students are allowed to choose their own attire, students would be more comfortable in their learning environments. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Drafting <ul><li>5) Concluding Paragraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restate Thesis- Find a new way to say it though! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restate main reasons- Find new ways to say them! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion sentence- Finish your essay with a powerful sentence. Leave the reader thinking so that the argument stays with him/her for a long time. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Revising <ul><li>You will use a checklist to revise your own draft. </li></ul><ul><li>Revising will help you organize your thoughts clearly, strengthen your argument with persuasive words, and eliminate unnecessary details. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Transitional Words and Transitional Phrases <ul><li>Use the following words and/or phrases in the revising stage. (See p. 445) </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional Words: because, therefore, thus, however, although, also, similarly, another, besides, furthermore, moreover, better, best, finally </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional Phrases: as a result, for this reason, in conclusion, in contrast, in addition, for example, above all, equally important, to begin with </li></ul>
  18. 18. Editing <ul><li>How convincing can an essay be if it’s filled with grammatical and spelling errors? </li></ul><ul><li>These errors are distracting and take the spotlight off your essay. </li></ul><ul><li>You will use proofreading marks to correct your draft. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Do’s and Don’t’s of Persuasive Writing <ul><li>Do use persuasive vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t try to pass off opinions as facts. (If it can’t be proven, it’s only an opinion!) </li></ul><ul><li>Do use an exciting hook. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t start every sentence with the same word. </li></ul><ul><li>Do remember to always support your three main reasons and your goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t attack the opposition. (This will only weaken your argument!) </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Do’s and Don’t’s of Persuasive Writing <ul><li>Do organize your three body paragraphs with the most convincing reason to least convincing reason. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use personal pronouns like I, me, you, we, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Do use transitional words and transitional phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to have fun! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Quiz <ul><li>List the 5 paragraphs that should be in a persuasive essay. </li></ul><ul><li>What two things must be in your first paragraph? </li></ul><ul><li>Which paragraph should you bring up the opposing side’s viewpoint? </li></ul><ul><li>Name two personal pronouns you should refrain from using in your essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Name three transitional words or phrases. </li></ul>

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