advancing formal and informal learning through the                                     worldwide sharing and use of free, ...
advancing formal and informal learning through the          worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality         ...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                 worldwide sharing and u...
1%21%                  22%                                        32%                          7%                    2%   ...
OCW growth
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                   worldwide sharing and...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                             worldwide s...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                              worldwide ...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                 worldwide sharing and u...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                     worldwide sharing a...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                    worldwide sharing an...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                   worldwide sharing and...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                             worldwide s...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                worldwide sharing and us...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                     worldwide sharing a...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                 worldwide sharing and u...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                   worldwide sharing and...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                   worldwide sharing and...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                    worldwide sharing an...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                    worldwide sharing an...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                               worldwide...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                    worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-qualit...
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Establishing a Framework for OCW to Expand Formal Access to Education - by Igor Lesko

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Establishing a Framework for OCW to Expand Formal Access to Education - by Igor Lesko

  1. 1. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Establishing a Framework for OCW to Expand Formal Access to Education Igor LeskoeLearning Africa, May 23-25, 2012, Cotonu, Benin igorlesko@ocwconsortium.org Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
  2. 2. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Who we areA propos de nous
  3. 3. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.The OCW Consortium is a worldwide community of hundreds of universities andassociated organizations committed to advancing OpenCourseWare and itsimpact on global education. We serve as a resource for starting and sustainingOCW projects, as a coordinating body for the movement on a global scale, andas a forum for exchange of ideas and future planning.Le Consortium OpenCourseWare est une communauté mondiale de plusieurscentaines duniversités et d’institutions engagées à promouvoirl’OpenCourseWare (OCW) et faire progresser son impact sur léducationglobale. Nous sommes là pour aider au démarrage et au suivi des projetsOCW en tant qu’organisme de coordination du mouvement à léchellemondiale et en tant que creuset didées et d’orientations stratégiques.
  4. 4. 1%21% 22% 32% 7% 2% 1% 13% 1% Over 250 institutions and organizations worldwide supporting open sharing in education
  5. 5. OCW growth
  6. 6. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.What is OpenCourseWare?An OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a free and open digital publication of highquality college and university‐level educational materials. These materials areorganized as courses, and often include course planning materials andevaluation tools as well as thematic content. OpenCourseWare are free andopenly licensed, accessible to anyone, anytime via the internet.Qu’est-ce qu’un site OpenCourseWare?Un site OpenCourseWare (OCW) est un site de publication libre et ouverte dematériel éducatif numérique de niveau universitaire a collège de haute qualité.Ces ressources sont structurées sous forme de cours en ligne, etcomprennent souvent des supports pédagogiques, des plannings, et des outilsdévaluation ainsi que des medias audio, vidéos… Les ressourcesOpenCourseWare sont sous licence libre, accessibles à tous, gratuitement età tout moment via Internet.
  7. 7. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Context: Growing Demand for Higher Educationversus Challenges facing Higher Education LandscapeFact: Demand for Higher Education continues to grow globally• Year 2004 - 132 million students enrolled at Higher Education Institutionsworldwide (up by 68 million when compared with the year 1991) – annualgrowth rate 5.1%.• However, participation in HE is distributed unevenly. Participation in Africais less than 45% and less than 2% in Sub-Saharan Africa.• Tens of thousands of universities would have to be built (with 40 000students each) in order accommodate growing demand for HE from SouthAmerican, Asian and African regions.•Reference: International Council for Open and Distance Learning (2009): Global Trends inHigher Education, Adult and Distance Learning (http://xr.com/zxc9). Accessed 14 May 2012.
  8. 8. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Context: Growing Demand for Higher Educationversus Challenges facing Higher Education LandscapeFact: Higher Education Institutions are struggling to meet this demand:• Infrastructural challengesBetween 2006 -2015, 45 billion US $ would be needed to increasecapacities of institutions worldwide (such as build more classrooms, lecturehalls, etc) with 20 billion needed for low-income countries• Severe budget cuts affect core operations with a number of negativeconsequences• Between 1991 and 2006 the number of students in Africa tripled (from2.7mil to 9.3 mil) and quadrupled in some regions while amount of fundingonly doubled.• Reference: World Bank (2010): Financing Higher Education in Africa(http://elibrary.worldbank.org/content/book/9780821383346). Report accessed 14 May 2012.
  9. 9. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.How can HEIs respond (are responding) within thiscontext and how does it affect Demand for Education? Response Scenarios Effects on Demand• Increase student fees • Negative (higher drop out rates)• Retrench staff • Negative (affects intake)• Decrease student loans/ • Negative (drop outs and affects new scholarships intake)• Increase student numbers • Negative (overcrowding – quantity at the expense of quality)• Build more universities/ expand • Positive but not viable for many existing infrastructure• Diversify funding sources (research • Positive/Negative (more focus projects, etc) devoted to projects less time for existing/new students)• Focus on open and distance • Positive teaching/ elearningprogrammes How about OpenCorseWare& Open Education Resources?
  10. 10. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. What do we know about users of OCW?• Thousands of people are accessing OCW/OER on a daily basis• OCW/OER serves the needs of various market segments such as self-learners, life-long learners, current students, working professionals (job – related training and career advancement education) and faculty members.Who are the users of OCW? Frequency PercentageStudent - secondary or high school 70 8%Student - university first degree 186 22%Student - university advanced degree 81 10%Faculty/Teacher 83 10%Self-learner 185 22%Working professional 183 22%Employer 6 1%Other 35 4%
  11. 11. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. What do we know about users of OCW?Who are the users of OCW (age)? Frequency Percentage19 and under 137 17%20-29 267 32%30-39 149 18%40-49 123 15%50-59 103 12%60 and above 50 6%How do they use OCW? Frequency PercentageTo help understand concepts I am studying 365 45%To learn something for a specific project or task 240 30%To supplement/create teaching materials 172 21%To update my skills or knowledge for work 401 50%For my own interest 470 58%Other 52 6%
  12. 12. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.What do we know about users of OCW?• Results based on 829 respondents from over 70 countries• Source: OCWC Feedback Survey March 2011 - May 2012• Note: Respondents could select more than one option so percentages might not add up to 100%• Report consolidating results from various OCW user feedback surveys is available on our website (http://xr.com/pzk7)What else do users want out of OCW/OER?• How can I get a credit for taking the course• How can I get a certificate for taking the course• Martin Bean (OU UK) recently stated that #1 question on twitter from users of OU UK’s content on iTunesU is: Where can I get credit for taking the course?Within the context of OCW/OER and challenges HEIs face today this is highlyrelevant for higher education institutions when thinking how to create value forits customers, how to increase revenue, and how to increase access to highereducation.
  13. 13. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Emerging Initiatives: New Approaches to HE Business Models within the context of OER/OCW Business Model describes how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value. Most definitions of BM highlight 4 key elements: Business Model – Key Elements DescriptionCustomer value proposition Defines how and organization will address a customer needValue Chain Organizes processes, partners, and resources to deliver the value propositionProfit formula Lays out how an organization will make moneyCompetitive strategy Describes how an organization will compete with rivals and defend its position in the value network.Source: EDUCAUSE (2012): Rethinking Higher Education Business Models(http://www.educause.edu/Resources/RethinkingHigherEducationBusin/249613). Article accessed 14May 2012.
  14. 14. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.OERtest: Examining opportunities and barriers to recognizingand accrediting OER-based learning in European Universities.http://www.oer-europe.net/scenariosThe debate around the potential of OERs to widen access to higher education,especially to the less privileged parts of the world, implies access toassessment and accreditation processes within universities.
  15. 15. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.The OER University http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/HomeThe OER university is a virtual collaboration of institutions such as Australia,New Zealand, South Africa (UNISA), US and more, committed to creatingflexible pathways for OER learners to gain formal academic credit.The OER university aims to provide free learning to all students worldwideusing OER learning materials with pathways to gain credible qualifications fromrecognised education institutions.
  16. 16. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.The Open University Netherlands (OU NL)• OU Netherlands = focus on life-long learners• Policy on OER – making materials available for free - consequences forbusiness model.• Research (2 surveys) with life-long learners among a representative sampleof the Dutch population & OU NL students into preferences related to thefollowing 3 scenarios:- 100% OER scenario – Split-Component Course Model.- 10% scenario – follows All-Inclusive course model.- Current scenario – All-Inclusive Course ModelThe major conclusion was that the percentage of people inclined to take acourse and to enroll increases when the OER share grows. The full paper canbe accessed here: http://cambridge2012.org/A business model approach for OER in Open UniversitiesBen Janssen, Robert Schuwer and Fred Mulder. Open Universiteit (NL)
  17. 17. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Education Portal Academy: How to Earn the Lowest-CostCollege Credit: http://education-portal.com/academy/index.htmlEducation Portal Academy students can watch courses for free, anytime,anywhere, but they can also earn real, widely transferable college credit fromthe College Board by passing any of the 33 subject specific CLEP exams.
  18. 18. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.MITx and edX: http://mitx.mit.edu/;http://www.edxonline.org/•MITx = An online learning platform offering free online courses for anyone,anywhere to earn certificates in distance coursework.•edX = partnership between Harvard and MIT = an open source online learningplatform featuring courses designed specifically for the Internet.
  19. 19. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.FGV Online: http://www5.fgv.br/fgvonline/CursosGratuitos.aspx• 2,5 million certificates printed since July 2008 by independent learners.OpenCourseWare in the European HE contextHow to make use of its fullpotential for virtual mobility• The focus of the project will be the creation of preconditions for a strong European OCW-framework. A stronger framework will also mean closer cooperation between European institutes, which may result in mutual use of material and even joint degrees. A better functioning OCW-system will enhance quality and increase the usage of online courses and therefore facilitate virtual mobility. http://www.opencourseware.eu/
  20. 20. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Two Important Invitations1. OCWC Global 2013 ConferenceDate: May 8-10, Bali, Indonesia.OpenCourseWare Consortium Global Conference: opportunity to learn frompractitioners in the field and learn new ideasMore information will be available on the conference website and through ourcommunication channels (newsletter/announcements) in the upcoming months)- http://conferences.ocwconsortium.org/ or email toconference@ocwconsortium.org2. Open Education WeekOpen Education Week takes place online and in locally hosted eventsaround the world. The purpose of Open Education Week is to raise awarenessof the open education movement and its impact on teaching and learningworldwide. Participation in all events and use of all resources is free an open toanyone. For more information visit http://www.openeducationweek.org/ oremail openeducationwk@gmail.com
  21. 21. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Activities of the OpenCourseWare Consortium are generously supportedby:The William and Flora Hewlett FoundationSustaining Members of the OCW Consortium:The African Virtual University China Open Resources for Education Delft University of TechnologyFundaçãoGetulio Vargas Japan OpenCourseWare Consortium Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health Korea OpenCourseWare Consortium Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyNetease Information Technology Co.Open Universiteit Taiwan OpenCourseWare ConsortiumTecnológico de Monterrey Tufts UniversityUniversia Universidad Politécnica de Madrid University of California, Irvine University of Michigan University of the Western CapeAnd contributions of member organizations
  22. 22. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.www.ocwconsortium.orgfeedback@ocwconsortium.orgigorlesko@ocwconsortium.org

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