Open Educational Resources (OER): Tomorrow’s Main Educational Provider?

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Intervention at the International Association of Universities IAU 14th General Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico

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Open Educational Resources (OER): Tomorrow’s Main Educational Provider?

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources (OER):Tomorrow’s Main Educational Provider? IAU 14th General Conference,San Juan Puerto Rico, USA 27-30 November 2012 Gard Titlestad Secretary General ICDE
  2. 2. To be adressed:Governments: Universities:• Move on the OER agenda • Take the responsibility!• Optimal policy framework for • Strategies and leadership for OER, incentives for OER, develop Open Education, for Open in dialogue with universities Education Practices• Implement the UNESCO • Overview and organisation. declaration in a contextual way • Partnership between Open• Map the landscape, facilitate and Conventional universities infrastructures. • Build competencies –• Facilitate initiatives for research, participate in research new knowledge on effect and • Flip the classroom for student- impact of OER and on delivering oriented and personalised high quality OER learning
  3. 3. What is ICDE?• the leading global membership organization for open and distance education• an NGO official partner of UNESCO, and shares that agency’s key aim – the attainment of quality education for all• member focused – ICDE is an organization which will involve members in decision making, in cooperative action and in cooperative problem solving.• transparent – Members will be able to follow the activities and decisions of ICDE.• ICDE believes that in pursuing education as a universal right, the needs of the learner must be central.• senior management in member institutions is actively involved in ICDE
  4. 4. Appr. No. of students 650.000 The ICDE 250.000 Executive Committee 400.000 40.0003.500.000
  5. 5. Open Educational Resources - OER and Open Educational Practices - OEP Heard about OER? Know what OER is? Familiar with OER and OEP?
  6. 6. Open Educational Resources“... are digital learning resources offered online freely and openly to teachers, educators, students and independent learners in order to be used, shared, combined, adapted, and expanded in teaching, learning and research.” (OECD 2011)“... are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain and have beenreleased under an open licence that permits access, use, repurposing, reuse and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.” (UNESCO 2011)
  7. 7. The vision… At the heart of the movement toward Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the worlds knowledge is a public good… and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it. Hewlett Foundation
  8. 8. ”For the first time in human history we have the tools to enable everyone to attain all the education they desire.” (Wiley, Green, & Soares, 2012) Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER: How open education resources unlock the door to free learning.
  9. 9. Expectations to OER “OERs have the potential to solve the global education crisis and contribute to sustainable economic growth” Sir John Daniel, former CEO for Commonwealth of Learning and David Killion, US ambassador to UNESCO said in Guardian in July 2012
  10. 10. Why should universities bother?
  11. 11. OER can increase the impact of investments in knowledgeHigh quality education Open Access – open scienceResearch based education Research based OERResource based education Research based teachingOpen education OER Innovation in education – open innovation Innovate the learning system – flip the classroom Knowledge supply for innovation
  12. 12. OER can increase the impact of investments in knowledgeHigh quality education Open Access – open scienceResearch based education Research based OERResource based education Research based teachingOpen education OER Innovation in education – open innovation Innovate the learning system – flip the classroom Knowledge supply for innovation
  13. 13. Drivers for OER• The benefits from Higher Education – a gold mine• Demand for access to Higher Education• Financial problems, costs• Failure of the current educational system, drop outs/push outs• The need for innovation in HEI – innovation in education• StudentsReinventing education: OER animportant building block
  14. 14. EDUCAUSE: ECAR STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATESTUDENTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 2012
  15. 15. EDUCAUSE: ECAR STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATESTUDENTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, 2012 19% 57%
  16. 16. Governments (OECD) on OER
  17. 17. Benefits and challenges of OER Benefits ChallengesOpen and flexible learning Language and culturalopportunities sensitivityEfficiency and quality of Connectivitylearning resourcesCost-efficiency QualityInnovation Copyright and licensingSystemic transformative SustainabilitycapacityHylén, J. et al. (2012): OECDs “Open Educational Resources: Analysis of Responses to the OECD
  18. 18. Relevance of benefits of OERHylén, J. et al. (2012): OECDs “Open Educational Resources: Analysis of Responses to the OECD
  19. 19. ICDE SCOP 2012 – a workings group´s reflections on OERo Quality assurance concerns – how do DE institutions whichare already scrutinized for being DE institutions ensure thatOER they adopt does not undermine their existing QA systems(the answer is to ensure that they go through the same QAmechanisms as other course materials)o Cost recoveryo Locating OER - it is difficult for institutions to locate OERthat is appropriate for their needs (call for more work onfacilitating use of search facilities for OER).
  20. 20. From the UNESCO OER Declaration• Foster awareness and use of OER• Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts• Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds.
  21. 21. MOOCs”A massive open online course (MOOC) is a typeof online course aimed at large-scaleparticipation and open access via the web.MOOCs are a recent development in the area ofdistance education, and a progression of thekind of open education ideals suggested byopen educational resources.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MOOC
  22. 22. MOOC ManiaMOOCs have not onlycreated a discussion ondisruptive change in HEI,but also increased themomentum of OER. The Chronicles special report on Online Learning 2012
  23. 23. Courseraand more!
  24. 24. So, why bother?A wake up call is needed for governments, for universities
  25. 25. To be adressed:Governments: Universities:• Move on the OER agenda • Take the responsibility!• Optimal policy framework for • Strategies and leadership for OER, incentives for OER, develop Open Education, for Open in dialogue with universities Education Practices• Implement the UNESCO • Overview and organisation. declaration in a contextual way • Partnership between Open• Map the landscape, facilitate and Conventional universities infrastructures. • Build competencies –• Facilitate initiatives for research, participate in research new knowledge on effect and • Flip the classroom for student- impact of OER and on delivering oriented and personalised high quality OER learning
  26. 26. Thank you! titlestad@icde.org www.icde.org

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