Traffic system in Stockholm: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=33T7VxT2O40
What all of this means is that the digital and physical infrastructures of the world are converging. Computational power is being put into things we wouldn't recognize as computers. Indeed, almost anything—any person, any object, any process or any service, for any organization, large or small—can become digitally aware and networked. With so much technology and networking abundantly available at such low cost: What wouldn't you put smart technology into? What service wouldn't you provide a customer, citizen, student or patient? What wouldn't you connect? What information wouldn't you mine for insight? A smarter planet is possible because - Our world is becoming instrumented Our world is becoming interconnected . Virtually all things, processes, and ways of working are becoming intelligent . Let me explain each to you in a bit more detail… (NEXT SLIDE)
Mówiąc krótko, nasz świat staje się mądrzejszy . Nie jest to tylko metafora. Mówimy tutaj o inteligentnym sposobie działania — systemy i procesy, które umożliwiają opracowywanie, produkowanie, kupno i sprzedaż produktów… świadczenie usług… przepływ wszystkiego, począwszy od ludzi i pieniędzy po ropę, wodę i elektrony… pracę i życie miliardów ludzi. Świat staje się mądrzejszy, dlatego że: MOŻE MUSI I dlatego, że LUDZIE TEGO POTRZEBUJĄ.
Swiss Federal Railways Netcool solution from IBM with efficient intervention management and Alcatel-Lucent as a partner 3000-kilometer network of tracks. 300 million travelers and 60 millions tons of freight are transported annually between 800 railway stations. It is therefore essential that faults be avoided, but this can only be guaranteed if the necessary infrastructure works perfectly. Solutions • End-to-end view of all integrated platforms • Unified naming • Synchronization with EMS • Proactive maintenance and alarms • Interface to the trouble ticketing system • Interface to the service management database • Integration of the SDH and IP networks • Integration of six other platforms: CUS/BAS displays; RailCity video monitoring; NAS network authentication system; BTA business telephony; GSM-R; USV installations; IT servers • IBM Tivoli Netcool
Slides with images have more detailed speaker notes (viewable in View/Notes Page Mode) Swedish Road Administration Breaking gridlock with a smart road use management system Business challenge: Although traffic has long been the bane of urban areas, there are signs of a quantum shift in the magnitude of the problem. Globalization-driven economic growth and growing car ownership are but two factors that have increased the degree of gridlock in many of the world’s densest economic hubs. While hard to quantify, the costs–in lost productivity, clean air and quality of life–are real and can be enormous. In today’s just-in-time economy, for instance, more traffic means slower, delayed and more costly deliveries, with impacts that spread across the economy. Emergency vehicles tied up in urban traffic can mean the difference between life and death. By most measures, Stockholm would receive high grades for its progressive transportation policies, evidenced by a public transport network that serves 70 percent of commuters going to or from the inner city during the rush period. Nevertheless, with the roads running through the city’s 24-square-kilometer central business district handling an average of 450,000 vehicles per day, major traffic jams were a regular fact of life. The Stockholm City Council, with the assistance of the Swedish Road Administration (SRA), resolved to do what they could to alleviate it. The politicians believed that road usage is elastic and thus could be shaped in a way that keeps congestion within a targeted range. But to shape road usage patterns, road authorities needed a way to track and charge for road usage accurately – a solution with reliable performance during even the heaviest traffic flow. Taking a cue from other major cities facing similar issues, the City Council identified “road charging”–specifically, charging drivers in the city center a road usage fee during business hours–as an attractive and viable option. The system needed to be designed and deployed within a very tight time frame, and it had to meet the city’s demanding requirements right from the start. How and where did they start? The Swedish Road Administration chose IBM because of its successful implementation of complex systems in other industries, as well as contributions to road charging projects in Singapore, Canada and the United Kingdom. IBM Global Business Services was engaged to design, build and operate a fully automated road use charging solution that employs advanced optical recognition and radio frequency identification (RFID) technologies. Once fully deployed, Stockholm’s road charging system will be a model of speed, power and automation. At a high level, the system’s function is to sense, identify and process each car that crosses an invisible ring that delineates the city’s central business district. Each time a vehicle crosses the boundary–either entering or leaving the district–it automatically triggers either of two sensing mechanisms. If the vehicle is equipped with an onboard RFID transponder (issued by the SRA), it sends a radio signal that is detected by a roadside gateway that records the vehicle’s passage and automatically sends the information to the central processing system using IBM WebSphere MQ and WebSphere Message Broker for message transport and routing, respectively. For cars that are not equipped with an RFID transponder, a vehicle’s passage is detected by a laser, triggering gateway-mounted cameras to photograph the vehicle’s front and back license plates. The image is automatically sent over a fiber optic connection to the system’s centralized processing facility, where a vehicle number plate recognition application digitizes it and crosschecks it against vehicle registration data. Once the vehicle’s owner is identified by the system, it then calculates the road usage fee based on the time of day. The fee is then sent as a transaction to the system’s core, SAP-based processing platform, which updates and stores the owner’s account information as an IBM DB2 Universal Database record. What benefits do they expect to achieve? Pilot showed 20 to 25 percent reduction in overall traffic volume in the city center Significant reduction in economic costs associated with traffic congestion Generation of an estimated €50 Million per year that can be channeled into further reducing congestion–making the initiative virtually self-sustaining Improved climate for commercial transport and logistics Improved air quality Improved response time for emergency vehicles Usage level : Win/Ongoing project/Completed project: External Completed Industry : Government
Take this slide out.
The world is at a critical inflection point. The meltdown of our financial markets has jolted us awake to the realities and dangers of highly complex global systems – but it was just the latest of several such jolts: on global climate change, on the environmental and geopolitical issues surrounding energy, on global supply chains for food and medicine, and on security following 9/11. Each of these was a collective realization of the reality of global integration. We know we are all now connected – economically, technically and socially. But being connected is not sufficient. We also have to infuse intelligence into our systems and ways of working. The world has become flatter and smaller. Now it must become smarter. The importance of this moment is that the key precondition for real change now exists: People want it. But this moment will not last forever. Today, from the boardroom to the water cooler, people everywhere are ready, eager for a new way of doing things. That’s why a period of discontinuity is, for those with courage and vision, a period of opportunity. The world will continue to become smaller, flatter… and smarter. We are moving into the age of the globally integrated and intelligent economy, society and planet. The question is, what will you do with that? Over the next couple of years, there will be winners, and there will be losers. And though it may not be easy to see now, I believe we will see new leaders emerge who win not by surviving the storm, but by changing the game – by making their systems smarter. IBM can help you get there.
Smarter Cities czyli inteligente miasta wg IBM
Smarter Cities Jarosław Jackowiak Academic Initiative Architect IBM Software Jar oslaw [email_address] rozwiązania IBM w Sztokholmie na podstawie
Our world is becoming INSTRUMENTED Our world is becoming INTERCONNECTED Virtually all things, processes and ways of working are becoming INTELLIGENT
Dlatego, że MOŻE . Dlatego, że MUSI . Dlatego, że MY TEGO CHCEMY . Świat staje się mądrzejszy:
Intelligent Transportation <ul><li>Solutions areas </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Road Pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Fare Management </li></ul><ul><li>Public Transit Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation “Common Operational Picture” </li></ul><ul><li>Public Transit vehicle integration </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Information Management and Exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic Control </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Asset Management </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Infrastructure Management </li></ul><ul><li>Exmaples </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore Land Transport Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Stockholm and London Congestion Charging </li></ul><ul><li>Brisbane Road tolling </li></ul><ul><li>Dublin Automated Fare Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Swiss Federal Railways Service Management </li></ul>
Swedish Road Administration Breaking gridlock with a smart road use management system <ul><li>Business Challenge: </li></ul><ul><li>Despite a progressive public transport network that serves 70 percent of commuters in Stockholm, the roads running through the city’s central business district handled an average of 450,000 vehicles per day, making major traffic jams a fact of life. City politicians working closely with the Swedish Road Administration (SRA) believed that road usage is elastic and could be shaped in a way that keeps congestion within a targeted range. But to shape road usage patterns, road authorities needed a way to measure, track and charge for road usage accurately and dynamically– a solution with reliable performance during even the heaviest traffic flow . </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Global Business Services was engaged to design, build and operate a fully automated road use charging solution that employs advanced automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) and radio frequency identification (RFID) technologies. The system’s function is to sense and identify each car that crosses an invisible ring delineating the city’s central business district – either through an RFID transponder or a visual image – and process payments for it. Stockholm’s road charging system is designed to be a model of speed, power and automation. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot showed 20 to 25 % reduction in traffic volume in the city center </li></ul><ul><li>Significant reduction in economic costs associated with traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Generation of an estimated €50 Million per year to be channeled into further reducing congestion–making the initiative virtually self-sustaining </li></ul>“ It’s important for Stockholm to become an exciting part of Europe from the perspective of both economic growth and ecological stability. We now have a modern traffic management system that the rest of Europe–and the world–can learn from.” Annika Billström, Mayor of Stockholm, Sweden <ul><li>Solution Components </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Global Business Services </li></ul><ul><li>IBM Global Technology Services </li></ul><ul><li>Tivoli Security Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>WebSphere </li></ul><ul><li>Red Hat </li></ul><ul><li>SAP </li></ul>
Implementa cja <ul><li>18 bram ( punkty kontroli na drogach ) </li></ul><ul><li>Identyfikacja i opłata za pojazd </li></ul><ul><li>Opłata za przejazd 10-20 SEK </li></ul><ul><li>Maksymalna dzienna opłata 60 SEK </li></ul><ul><li>Obciążenie właściciela pojazdu </li></ul><ul><li>Płatność z konta bankowego , przez Web lub w sieci sklepów </li></ul>
Jak to działa? first laser beam trigering the transceiver transceiver signals the vehicle’s onboard transponder camera photographs the car’s front second laser beam, triggering the second camera second camera photographs the rear license plate Payment is debited from driver’s account
Plan projektu Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Blueprint (Bus Req) Realization (P&C, D&I) P&C Drop 1 (11 weeks) P&C Drop 2 (6 weeks) P&C Drop 3 (7 weeks) D&I Drop 1 (11 weeks) D&I Drop 2 (6 weeks) D&I Drop 3 (7 weeks) Test Planning & Preparation Component Test 1 (6 weeks) Component Test 2 (6 weeks) S T Systems Integration Test (5 weeks) 20/5 Defect Management Defect Mgmt Prod.Env Test.Env Dev.Env Explanations: Macro/Micro Design Tech Prep for SIT Defect Management 7/4 20/5 7/7 Platform Planning & Preparation of Production Environment Platform Planning & Prep. of Test Environment 16/2 7/7 IT Infrastruct. IT Perform. 23/5 8/4 Test Planning & Preparation Pilot Operation (30 days) Preparation for Pilot Operation Prepare Pilot Operation Prepare Trial Period Ready to Start Trial 5/12 7/10 10/10 18/10 19/10 20/11 Start OBU distr 24/10 21/11 4/12 Tech Prep for SIT 5/9 Vacation week 28, 29, 30, (9/7 – 31/7) ST (5w) 1/8 2/9 8/7 10/6 SAT test start 29/6 1st location installed 18/5 10 locations installed 15/8 All Locations installed 15/9 SAT test completed 22/9 Roadside Milestone
Expectations VS reality Uproszczona Architektura Internet Extranet SAP CRM BW Customer Service Local Vehicle Database Vehicle owner MLC Rating engine Images Store Charging points Web Portal External Systems E2E Monitoring Scheduling Storage Roadside Transaction Store
Rozwiązanie OCR jest dobre, ale nie jest doskonałe!
Korzyści <ul><li>Podczas wiosny 2006, 40,000 więcej pasażerów w transporcie publicznym </li></ul><ul><li>Spadek emisji spowodowanej ruchem ulicznym o 1 4% w centrum miasta </li></ul><ul><li>Podróżowanie do centrum w godzinach szczytu jest dużo łatwiejsze </li></ul>
Zmiana opinii mieszkańców nastąpiła po 3 miesiącach Referendum in the City och Stockholm YES: 51,7% NO: 45,6%
SYSTEMS SOFTWARE SERVICES FOR A SMARTER WORLD Jarosław Jackowiak Academic Initiative Architect IBM Software Jar oslaw [email_address]