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Stations as Places - designing & planning rail stations

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Presentation by Richard Bickers & Phil White, Arup Engineering.
Delivered to postgraduate students at the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, February 2015. Copyright Arup 2015 all rights reserved.

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Stations as Places - designing & planning rail stations

  1. 1. The Role of Stations 18th February 2015
  2. 2. The Role of Stations Places Gateways Regeneration Intermodal Transport Hubs Stations
  3. 3. Stations as Places Places Gateways Regeneration Intermodal Transport Hubs Stations
  4. 4. 2011 Index of Multiple Deprivation Euston - Historical Charles Booth, 1898-99, Maps Descriptive of London Poverty
  5. 5. St Pancras
  6. 6. Kings Cross
  7. 7. 7 Stations as Places • No longer just a place to catch a train • Not all about Burger King and Whistlestop! • Lifestyle centres: places to eat, drink, shop, work, exercise • Community hubs
  8. 8. 8 Stations as Places – ‘Meet me at St Pancras’ • St Pancras International • 60 stores • 1 million visitors / week • 25% visitors not travelling
  9. 9. 9 Stations as Places – Leisure & Retail • Canary Wharf Crossrail Station • £500m value • 4 levels of retail / leisure • Rooftop garden
  10. 10. 10 Stations as Places – Community Hubs • Grindleford Station Café • Sheffield Station Tap • Carnforth Station Café
  11. 11. 11 Stations as Places – Managing our Time • Amazon Locker, London Underground • Regus Office, Amersfoot, NL • Smart wall grocery shopping, Seoul
  12. 12. 12 Economic Case for Investment • ‘Traditional’ business case centres on generalised journey time savings and the value of time. • We now use our time differently and more productively when we travel. • The wider economic benefits warrant inclusion; we should view things more holistically. Generalised Journey Time Savings Wider Benefits
  13. 13. 13 Stations as Revenue Generators • In 2 years Network Rail has increased retail space by 20%. • By 2019 it plans to have 850,000sq ft. • Network Rail collected £700m in retail income over the five years from 2009 to 2014. • • This is forecast to rise to £1.2bn in the next five years.
  14. 14. Station Led Regeneration Places Gateways Regeneration Intermodal Transport Hubs Stations
  15. 15. 15 Driving Growth • Desire for higher value knowledge-based jobs in city centres. • This means greater specialisation in key sectors. • Specialisation means more movement, longer trips, more congestion. • To connect business with their labour markets you need good connectivity. • To retain staff you need them to be willing to travel. • Agglomeration benefits: In space but also in time.
  16. 16. 16 Increasing Importance of City Centres Distribution of Private Sector Jobs in Leeds. (Source: Centre for Cities) • Face-to-face contact in city centres becoming more important. • Importance of: • Near Connectivity (high job densities in knowledge functions) • Far Connectivity (access to labour and markets)
  17. 17. 17 Rail Patronage Growth • Growth in Northern Rail Patronage 2003 – 2013 = 108% • National projection for next 10 years = 30% 108% increase
  18. 18. 18 Station Led Regeneration • The case for station expansion and development • Strategic positioning of new rail lines and stations to maximise regeneration • Stations as the lynch pin for regeneration
  19. 19. 19 Strategic Regeneration – High Speed 1
  20. 20. 20 Strategic Regeneration - Ebbsfleet “Rail at the heart of a new Garden City”
  21. 21. 21 Strategic Regeneration - Stratford “…the station at the heart of event led change”
  22. 22. 22 Strategic Regeneration – King’s Cross “… a magnet for culture, business and creativity”
  23. 23. 23 Strategic Regeneration – High Speed 2
  24. 24. 24 Strategic Regeneration – UK Central • 100,000 jobs • £15bn output by 2040
  25. 25. 25 Strategic Regeneration – Leeds Southbank • Up to 6,000 jobs on the Southbank • A major extension of the city; integration is key
  26. 26. 26 Strategic Regeneration – York Central
  27. 27. Intermodal Transport Hubs Places Gateways Regeneration Intermodal Transport Hubs Stations
  28. 28. 28 Barnsley Interchange
  29. 29. 29 Sheffield Meadowhall HS2
  30. 30. 30 Sheffield Meadowhall HS2
  31. 31. 31 Sheffield Meadowhall HS2
  32. 32. 32 Station Capacity • Yorkshire Rail Network Study: 2 fast tph, 75% of car journey times. • 30 trains per hour across Leeds West junction alone, and an extra 6 trains per hour from Sheffield. • HS2 and One North proposals will add to the demand for rail travel from city stations, requiring increased capacity.
  33. 33. 33 Station Capacity • More passengers means more trains and a need for bigger stations. • Services through northern stations are already crowded. 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% 3.0% 2011 2012 2013 Leeds Leicester Liverpool Manchester Newcastle Nottingham Sheffield Overall PiXC Crowding on Services Through Northern Stations
  34. 34. 34 Station Capacity • Rail fares cover 62% of the operating costs of the railway • For 10 years fares have risen above inflation • But passengers aren’t seeing the benefit – only 4/10 are satisfied they get value for money – not a sustainable model! • The only way forward is growth. 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% CrossCountry East Midlands Trains First TransPennine Express Northern Rail 3 Hour AM Peak 3 Hour PM Peak Percentage of Passengers Standing on Services Using Sheffield Station
  35. 35. Gateways Places Gateways Regeneration Intermodal Transport Hubs Stations
  36. 36. 36 Gateways
  37. 37. 37 Gateways
  38. 38. 38 Gateways
  39. 39. 39 Gateways
  40. 40. 40 Looking to the Future
  41. 41. 41 • Ticketing • Densification of cities • Alignment of land use and stations (HK model) • Integration / automation / pick up on Future of Rail strands Looking to the Future
  42. 42. 42 Discussion
  • SAURABHCHHILLAR

    Jan. 28, 2018
  • alexmungai24

    Feb. 25, 2016
  • werdoyosantosa

    May. 7, 2015

Presentation by Richard Bickers & Phil White, Arup Engineering. Delivered to postgraduate students at the Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, February 2015. Copyright Arup 2015 all rights reserved.

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