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    Articles Articles Presentation Transcript

    • ARTICLES A/AN,THE, NO ARTICLE
    • A/AN with singular nouns
      • The first time you mention a thing/person or when the listener doesn’t know which thing we mean.
      • Eg: I saw an old woman in the garden.
      • Tom sat down on a chair (we don’t know which chair)
      • When you say what something/somebody is or what something/somebody is like.
      • Eg: She is a cute girl. (what she is like)
      • A dog is an animal. (what it is.)
      • When you say what somebody does. (with jobs...)
      • Eg: He is a fireman.
      • In exclamations with What...!
      • Eg: What a horrible day!
      • In expressions like three times a week.
    • THE
      • When we talk about something we have already mentioned.
      • Eg.: I saw a strange man yesterday night. The man was very tall.
      • When there is only one thing of something.
      • Eg: The earth is the planet where we live.
      • When it’s clear what you are referring to. For example, in a room we talk about “the light/the floor/the ceiling/the door/etc.
      • Eg: Michael closed the window.
      • Where is the toilet, please?
      • Did Ann get the job she applied for? (the speakers know about it previously)
    • THE
      • We use the with: the police/the fire-brigade/the army, etc.
      • We also say: the doctor, the dentist, etc.
      • We usually say the radio . Eg: We often listen to the radio .
      • With places in a town: the cinema, the theatre, the bank, the post office,etc.
      • Eg:I went to the cinema yesterday night.
      • With superlatives.
      • Eg: She is the most beautiful in the world.
      • We use the with some adjectives (without a noun). The meaning is always plural, the rich=rich people in general.
      • Eg: Why doesn’t the government do more to help the unemployed ?
      • We use the with some nationalities. Eg: The French are famous for their food = the French people)
    • DON’T USE AN ARTICLE…
      • When you are speaking in general (with plural or uncountable nouns).
      • Eg: Lions are more dangerous than dogs.
      • Sugar is sweet.
      • With some phrases like at home/work, go home/to bed,
      • With institutions ( school, church,prison, etc.) we don’t use an article when you are thinking about the institution and the normal purpose it is used it for. If you are just thinking about the building, use a or the .
      • Eg: She is in prison (she is a prisoner)
      • But compare:
      • They must rebuild the prison as it is too old. (the building)
      • Before meals, days and months .
      • Eg: I always have lunc h at 2 p.m.
      • But we say a meal. Eg: We had a meal in a restaurant.
      • Before next/last + day s,week,etc.
      • Eg: We are meeting next Mond ay.
    • GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES
      • Continents: Africa (not The Africa)—NO ARTICLE
      • Countries and states: France (not The France)—NO ARTICLE
      • **But we say the with names that include words like ‘republic’,’kingdom’,’states’.--ARTICLE
      • Eg:The United Kingdom, The United States
      • **We also use the with plural names-ARTICLE: The Netherlands, The Philippines.
      • Cities: Cairo (not The Cairo)– NO ARTICLE
      • **Exception: The Hague (in the Netherlands)
      • Individual islands: Corfu, Sicily, Bermuda,..—NO ARTICLE
      • **Island groups usually have plural names with the —ARTICLE THE : the Bahamas, the Canaries,…
      • Regions: we say Northern England/southern England—NO ARTICLE
      • **But we say: The Middle East, the north of England – ARTICLE THE
    • Geographical names
      • Mountains: Individual mountains usually have names without the –NO ARTICLE
      • Eg: Mount Everest
      • **Mountain ranges usually have plural names with the –ARTICLE THE : the Rocky Mountains, The Andes,…
      • Lakes: Lakes usually have names without the : Lake Constance – NO ARTICLE
      • Names of oceans/seas/rivers/canals have the –ARTICLE THE :the Atlantic, the Red Sea, the Nile, the Suez Canal
      • (on the maps the is not usually included in the name)
    • Names of streets, buildings, etc
      • Names of streets/roads/squares— NO ARTICLE…
      • Regent Street Broadway
      • **Exceptions: motorways and numbered roads: the M6
      • Many names ( airports, universities …) are two words—NO ARTICLE:
      • Kennedy Airport/Cambridge University.
      • The first word is usually the name of a person or place. We do not usually say the with names like these.
      • **But we say ‘the White House’, ‘the Royal Palace’, because white and royal are not names (this is the general rule, but there are exceptions)
      • Hotels, restaurants/pubs,theatres,cinemas,museums/galleries
      • — ARTICLE THE
      • The Hilton, The Red Lion (pub), the National Theatre, The Odeon, the British Museum.
    • Names of streets, buildings, etc
      • Shops, restaurants, hotels, banks named after the people who started them. These names end in s or ‘s . –NO ARTICLE.
      • Maxim’s restaurant, Luigi’s Italian Restaurant, Lloyds Bank.
      • Places, buildings + of —ARTICLE THE : the Bank of England, the Houses of Parliament, the Tower of London.
      • Newspapers —ARTICLE THE : The Times, the Washington Post.
    • Now you try!
    • He is ___ doctor.
    • A
    • Today ____moon is very big.
    • the
    • John is going to ____ theatre next week.
    • the
    • Sue is ill today,so she can’t go to ____ school .
    • No article
    • Every term parents are invited to____school to meet the teachers.
    • The
    • ___cat doesn’t like ___apples.
    • The (because we are talking about this cat,not in general) / No article
    • They got married. But ___marriage wasn’t successful.
    • The
    • What’s ___ highest mountain in ___ world?
    • the/the
    • ___life would be very difficult without ___ electricity.
    • No article/no article
    • It was ___beautiful day. __sun shone brightly in __sky.
    • A/the/the
    • ___flying can be dangerous!
    • No article
    • That’s all!!