Countable and uncountable nouns


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Countable and uncountable nouns

  1. 1. COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Some bread or a loaf of bread…
  2. 2. Countable or uncountable nouns <ul><li>Uncountable nouns are, for example: </li></ul><ul><li>gold music blood excitement </li></ul><ul><li>Before uncountable nouns you can say the/some/any/much/this/his, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>the music/ some gold /much excitement /his blood </li></ul><ul><li>But you can also use uncountable nouns alone, with no article </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: This ring is made of gold </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is red (without the : talking in general) </li></ul><ul><li>Your T-shirt is getting dirty because of the blood (particular situation) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Countable or uncountable nouns <ul><li>Many nouns can be used as countable or as uncountable nouns. Usually there is a difference in meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>-I bought a paper (=a newspaper, countable) </li></ul><ul><li>-I bought some paper (=material for writing on, uncountable) </li></ul><ul><li>- Iron is a metal of heavy weight. (=metal, uncountable) </li></ul><ul><li>-We need to buy a new iron. (=object, countable) </li></ul><ul><li>-We had many interesting experiences during our holiday </li></ul><ul><li>(=things that happened to us ,count.) </li></ul><ul><li>-You need experience for this job (=knowledge of something, uncount.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. The soup has got long dark hair.
  5. 5. Can you see a hair in this soup?
  6. 6. Countable or uncountable nouns <ul><li>Other words that can be countable or uncountable (changing their meaning): </li></ul><ul><li>iron, wood, paper, fruit, chicken, business, gossip, toast, coffee </li></ul><ul><li>**We can say a coffee when it means a cup of coffee. </li></ul>
  7. 7. I love coffee !!
  8. 8. They always drink a coffee (=a cup of coffe) in the morning.
  9. 9. Countable or uncountables nouns <ul><li>Nouns that are uncountable but often countable in other languages: </li></ul><ul><li>accomodation, behaviour, furniture, news, scenery, trouble, advice, bread, information, permission, traffic, weather, baggage, chaos, luggage, progress, travel, work </li></ul><ul><li>Typical uncountables: </li></ul><ul><li>Substances (iron, plastic…), liquids and gases (water, oxygen…), abstract ideas (happiness, anger…), mass/collection (furniture, luggage…) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Do you need some bread ?
  11. 11. Can I have a slice of bread ?
  12. 12. Plural nouns <ul><li>There are some nouns that are always plural like: clothes, trousers, scissors, shorts, manners, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>They need a plural verb. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g: Your clothes are so cute! </li></ul><ul><li>If they consist of two parts, e.g. scissors, they can be sued with a pair of/ some: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g: I’ve just bought a pair of trousers. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Singular or plural? <ul><li>We do not often use the plural of person (persons) .Instead we use people . </li></ul><ul><li>These nouns end in –s but they are not usually pluaral: mathematics, physics, economics, athletics, news, gymnastics,etc. </li></ul><ul><li>These nouns end in -s can be singular or plural: means, series, species. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. a means of transport, many means of transport </li></ul><ul><li>Some singular nouns are often used with a plural verb (we think of them as a number of people ‘they’): government, staff, team, family, audience, committee. </li></ul><ul><li>**But a singular verb is also possible: The government is… </li></ul>
  14. 14. Singular or plural? <ul><li>Sports teams are normally plural: </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Manchester United are playing next week. </li></ul><ul><li>We always use a plural verb with the police : </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. The police have arrested Tom. </li></ul><ul><li>We sometimes use a plural noun with a singular verb: talking about a sum of money, period of time, a distance, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Three years is a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Five thousand pounds was stolen in the robbery. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Now you try!
  16. 16. -She has got very long black hair/hairs.
  17. 17. HAIR
  18. 18. -He had a very good weather/very good weather .
  20. 20. -I want something to read. I’m going to buy a/some paper.
  21. 21. A PAPER
  22. 22. -It’s very difficult to find a work/job at the moment.
  23. 23. A JOB
  24. 24. -Bad news doesn’t/don’t make people happy.
  25. 25. DOESN ‘T
  26. 26. -The flat is empty.We haven’t got any furnitures/furniture yet.
  27. 27. FURNITURE
  28. 28. -I had to buy a/some bread .
  29. 29. SOME BREAD
  30. 30. The police is/are having a good time.
  31. 31. ARE
  32. 32. The staff aren’t / isn’t happy with the new working conditions.
  33. 33. AREN’T