Māori-Tūhoe Epistemology:
Stages of Sustaining Tribal Identity
 Through Māori Performing Arts




           Tina Ngaroima...
Introduction
• Purpose

• Research Questions

• Theoretical Framework

• Maori Research Methodology

• Analysis and Findin...
The Overarching Purpose


To articulate Māori-Tūhoe worldview as
communicated and expressed through the
medium of performi...
Research Questions
•How is Maori-Tūhoe
epistemology transmitted
through traditional performing
arts?

•How does Te Hui Ahu...
Theoretical Framework

                                       Tikanga/Kawa
 Waka                                   (custom...
Maori Research Methodology
                                            Data collected from
                               ...
Analysis and Findings
              State of                Experience:              Analysis:
              Consciousness...
Sustaining Tribal Identity:
 Individual Development
           SUSTAINING
             TRIBAL
            IDENTITY



    ...
Community Voices

Reflection – “Being Tūhoe is a right that is
inherited through the blood of the fore-fathers and
mothers...
Sustaining Tribal Identity:
 Collective Development
           SUSTAINING
             TRIBAL
            IDENTITY



    ...
Community Voices
Mōhiotanga – “Lessons that can be learned from, or
taught at, Te Hui Ahurei ā Tūhoe that are flexible in
...
IdentityFramework
                                                                     Identity Framework
                ...
Contributions of my research


Performing Arts is more than an “act”
it is the performativity of a peoples,
bringing us to...
Future Research

Gather information from previous Tūhoe festivals/Te
Hui Ahurei ā Tūhoe for archives in publically availa...
Māori-Tūhoe Epistemology:Stages of Sustaining Tribal IdentityThrough Māori Performing Arts
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Māori-Tūhoe Epistemology:Stages of Sustaining Tribal IdentityThrough Māori Performing Arts

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Tina Ngaroimata Fraser

NAHO 2009 National Conference

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Māori-Tūhoe Epistemology:Stages of Sustaining Tribal IdentityThrough Māori Performing Arts

  1. 1. Māori-Tūhoe Epistemology: Stages of Sustaining Tribal Identity Through Māori Performing Arts Tina Ngaroimata Fraser
  2. 2. Introduction • Purpose • Research Questions • Theoretical Framework • Maori Research Methodology • Analysis and Findings • Sustaining Tribal Identity – Individual & Collective • Identity Framework •Contributions of my research •Future Research
  3. 3. The Overarching Purpose To articulate Māori-Tūhoe worldview as communicated and expressed through the medium of performing arts, specifically Te Hui Ahurei ā Tūhoe (Unique Gathering of Tūhoe); together these elements help to build a sustainable and functional tribal identity.
  4. 4. Research Questions •How is Maori-Tūhoe epistemology transmitted through traditional performing arts? •How does Te Hui Ahurei ā Tūhoe (Performative arts) sustain tribal identity?
  5. 5. Theoretical Framework Tikanga/Kawa Waka (customs and protocols) (canoe) Wānanga Whanaungatanga Īwi (place of learning) (family kinship) (tribe) Whakapapa Sustaining (genealogy) Tribal Hapū Marae (sub-tribe) (meeting place) Te Taiāo Identity (the environment) Hui Nga Kōrero Pūrākau Whānau (gathering) (tribal narratives) (family) Te Reo ā Īwi (tribal dialect) WHO? HOW? WHAT? WHY?
  6. 6. Maori Research Methodology Data collected from Female focus group (N=25) and Male focus group (N=24), as well as 4 female and 6 male key knowledge holders. Case Study 59 participants in total. Values and Ethical Guidelines Structured and Semi- Site Selection structured Questions
  7. 7. Analysis and Findings State of Experience: Analysis: Consciousness: (Involvement, (Theory) (Space and Time) Participation, Commitment) Born and raised A performer who Being Tūhoe is PHASE ONE disconnected from the observes tribal determined by tribe. practices without genealogy. becoming actively involved. Born and raised away A leader who Being Tūhoe is PHASE TWO from the tribe but participates in tribal determined by maintains regular practices but does not acknowledgement. contact with the tribe. generally question processes. Born and raised within An activist who Being Tūhoe is PHASE THREE the tribe challenges tribal determined by input. practices with the intention of tribal development.
  8. 8. Sustaining Tribal Identity: Individual Development SUSTAINING TRIBAL IDENTITY REVISION RECLAMATION REFLECTION
  9. 9. Community Voices Reflection – “Being Tūhoe is a right that is inherited through the blood of the fore-fathers and mothers” Reclamation – “Maintaining the connection with the community by attending cultural events, and participating in cultural traditional practices.” Revision – “People who are raised in Tūhoe ways are the ‘movers’ and the ‘shifters’ of the tribe who are more likely to challenge tribal identity with the intent of developing it.”
  10. 10. Sustaining Tribal Identity: Collective Development SUSTAINING TRIBAL IDENTITY MĀRAMATANGA Enlightenment MĀTAURANGA In-Depth Knowledge MŌHIOTANGA Knowing
  11. 11. Community Voices Mōhiotanga – “Lessons that can be learned from, or taught at, Te Hui Ahurei ā Tūhoe that are flexible in nature.” Mātauranga – “Knowledge that transpires between people we encounter on a regular basis who are familiar to us.” Māramatanga – “A state of enlightenment; essentially the process understanding how to attain, maintain and sustain tribal identity. This is not a state of stagnation; it is acknowledging that there will always be room for further growth and development.”
  12. 12. IdentityFramework Identity Framework Te Mana Motuhake ō Tino Rangatiratanga Tūhoe Sustaining Tribal Identity Te Mana Motuhake Tino Rangatiratanga ō Tūhoe Sustaining Tribal Identity Māramatanga Mātauranga Mōhiotanga Reclamation Develop Wānanga Māramatanga Mātauranga Mōhiotanga Implement Develop Waka Wānanga Revision Experiment Iwi Implement Waka Revision Inquire Reflection Reclamation Experiment Hapū Iwi Participate Inquire Marae Reflection Hapū Observe Participate Whānau Marae Observe Individual Whānau Collective Decision Decision Individual Making Collective Making Decision Making Decision Making
  13. 13. Contributions of my research Performing Arts is more than an “act” it is the performativity of a peoples, bringing us together, revitalizing, and re-grounding us into what it means to be Māori-Tūhoe
  14. 14. Future Research Gather information from previous Tūhoe festivals/Te Hui Ahurei ā Tūhoe for archives in publically available formats (e.g., DVD, online, multi-media) Utilize the themes from bi-annual Tūhoe festival, composing/writing/performing for next festival – theme to be compulsory.

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